1st Edition

Handbook of Sustainable Materials: Modelling, Characterization, and Optimization

    506 Pages 206 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    Handbook of Sustainable Materials presents recent developments in sustainable materials and how these materials interact with the environment. It highlights the recent advancements involved in proper utilization of sustainable materials, including chemical and biological approaches. With chapters written by global experts, the book offers a guide and insights into sustainable materials from a variety of engineering disciplines. Each chapter provides in-depth technical information on the sustainable materials theory and explores synthesis strategies, green materials, and artificial intelligence. The book considers applications in sectors such as aerospace, automobile, and biomedical for rapid prototyping and customized production without negative environmental impacts. It features research outcomes and case studies of optimization and modeling techniques in practice.


    • Presents recent developments in sustainable materials from various engineering fields and industry applications.
    • Emphasizes analytical strategies, computational, and simulation approaches develop innovative sustainable materials.
    • Discusses an artificial intelligence approach, rapid prototyping, and customized production.

    This book is designed for researchers and professionals working with sustainable materials, clean manufacturing, and environmental impacts.

    1. Strategic Evaluation and Selection for Energy Effective Natural Fibers as Alternative Sustainable Insulation Materials for Green Building Envelope
    Figen Balo and Lutfu S.Sua

    2. Sustainable biodegradable and bio-based Polymers
    Bhargav Patel, Bhagwan Toksha and Prashant Gupta

    3. Processing of recycled and bio-based plastics
    Yash Rushiya, Bhagwan Toksha and Prashant Gupta

    4. Terpene-Based Polymers as Sustainable Materials
    Eksha Guliani and Christine Jeyaseelan

    5. Sustainable Biodegradable and Bio based Materials
    Mridul Umesh, Suma Sarojini, Thazeem Basheer, Sreehari Suresh, Adhithya Sankar Santhosh, Liya Merin Stanly, Sneha Grigary, and Nilina James

    6. Sustainability of Materials: Concepts, History and Future
    Rajat Dhawan, Hitendra K. Malik and Amit Kumar

    7. Experimental Investigation on Durability Properties of Concrete Incorporated with Fly Ash
    Dr. V. G. Meshram, Dr. A. M. Pande, Dr. B. P. Nandurkar

    8. Investigation of Electrode Materials Used in Electrocoagulation Process for Wastewater Treatment
    Mukul Bajpai, Surjit Singh Katoch, Akhilesh Nautiyal, Rahul Shakya and Samriddhi Sharma

    9. Enhancing mechanical properties of adobe by use of vernacular fibers of Agave Americana and Eulaliopsis Binata for sustainable traditional mud houses of Himachal Pradesh
    Vandna Sharma, Aniket Sharma

    10. Green synthesis of cerium oxide nanoparticles and its recent electrochemical sensing applications: a study
    Satyajit Das and Partha Pratim Sahu

    11. Self-lubricating hybrid metal matrix composite towards sustainability
    Sweta Rani Biswal and Seshadev Sahoo

    12. E-Plastic waste a Sustainable Construction Material; An Indian Perspective
    Sweta Sinha and Ateeb Hamdan

    13. Green synthesis of sustainable materials: A stride towards a viable future
    Mandeep Kaur, Gagandeep Kaur and Divya Sareen

    14. Green Materials: Synthesis & Characterization
    Rajeev Kumar and Jyoti Chawla

    15. Waste Sewage Sludge Concrete as a Sustainable Building Construction Material -A Review
    Jagdeep Singh

    16. Applications of Sustainable Materials
    Rajat Dhawan, Hitendra K. Malik and Davoud Dorranian

    17. Heusler alloys: Sustainable material for sustainable magnetic refrigeration
    Chhayabrita Maji

    18. Chemical synthesis or Phytofabrication of metal/metal oxide nanoparticles
    Amulya Giridasappa, Ismail Shareef M, and Gopinath S M

    19. Antioxidant, bactericidal, antihemolytic and anticancer assessment activities of Al2O3, SnO2, and green synthesized Ag and CuO NPs
    Amulya Giridasappa, Ismail Shareef M, and Gopinath S M

    20. Sustainability of Wind Turbine Blade: Instantaneous Real Time Prediction of Its Failure using Machine Learning and Solution based on Materials and Design
    Lohit Malik, Gurtej Singh Saini, Mayand Malik and Abhishek Tevatia

    21. A Self-sustained Machine Learning Model to Predict the In-flight Mechanical Properties of a Rocket Nozzle by Inputting Material Properties and Environmental Conditions
    Lohit Malik, Gurtej Singh Saini, and Abhishek Tevatia

    22. Heat-Assisted Dieless Sheet Forming Techniques for Hard-to-Form Materials

    Nikhil Kadian, Rakesh Rathee, and Ajay Kumar


    Dr. Ajay is currently serving as an Associate Professor in Mechanical Engineering Department, School of Engineering and Technology, JECRC University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. He received his Ph.D. in the field of Advanced Manufacturing from Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar, India after B.Tech. (Hons.) and M.Tech. (Distinction) from Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, India. His areas of research include Artificial Intelligence, Materials, Incremental Sheet Forming, Additive Manufacturing, Advanced Manufacturing, Industry 4.0, Waste Management, and Optimization Techniques. He has over 60 publications in international journals of repute, including SCOPUS, Web of Science and SCI indexed database, and refereed international conferences. He has also co-authored the textbook Incremental Sheet Forming Technologies: Principles, Merits, Limitations, and Applications (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis) and has recently edited a book entitled Advancements in Additive Manufacturing: Artificial Intelligence, Nature Inspired and Bio-manufacturing (Elsevier). He has organized various national and international events including an international conference on Mechatronics and Artificial Intelligence (ICMAI-2021) as conference chair. He has more than 15 national and international patents to his credit. He has supervised more than eight M.Tech., Ph.D. scholars, and numerous undergraduate projects/theses and has total 13 years of experience in teaching and research. He is a Guest Editor and Review Editor of reputed journals, including Frontiers in Sustainability. He has contributed to many international conferences/symposiums as a session chair, expert speaker, and member of editorial boards. He has won several proficiency awards during the course of his career, including merit awards, best teacher awards, and so on.

    He has been adviser of Association of Engineers and Technocrats (AET) and has also authored many in-house course notes, lab manuals, monographs, and invited chapters in books. He has organized a series of faculty development programs, international conferences, workshops, and seminars for researchers, Ph.D., U.G., and P.G. level students. His areas of research include additive manufacturing, dieless sheet forming, and intelligent manufacturing systems. He teaches the following courses at the graduate and post-graduate level: Additive Manufacturing, Manufacturing Technology, Smart Manufacturing, Advanced Manufacturing Processes, Material Science, CAM, Operations Research, Optimization Techniques, Engineering Mechanics, Computer Graphics, Design of Experiments and Research Methodology, and so on. He is associated with many research, academic, and professional societies in various capacities.

    Mr. Parveen is currently serving as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Rawal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridabad, Haryana, India. Currently, he is pursuing a Ph.D. from the National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, Haryana, India. He completed his B.Tech. (Hons.) from Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, India and M.Tech. (Distinction) in Manufacturing and Automation from Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, India. His areas of research include Materials, Dieless Forming, Additive Manufacturing, CAD/CAM, and Optimization Techniques. He has over 20 publications in international journals of repute, including SCOPUS, Web of Science and SCI indexed database, and refereed international conferences. He has five national and international patents to his credit. He has supervised two M.Tech. scholars and numerous undergraduate projects/theses. He has a total of 12 years of experience in teaching and research. He has organized a series of faculty development programs, workshops, and seminars for researchers and UG level students. He is associated with many research, academic, and professional societies in various capacities.

    Dr. Sharif Ahmad is currently working as Pro Vice Chancellor (Research & Consultancy) at SGT University, Gurugram, NCR-Delhi, India and is a Superannuated Professor of Materials Chemistry. He completed his Masters (1976) and Doctoral (1981) in Chemistry at AMU, Aligarh. In recognition of his work, he was nominated as a member to the prestigious American Chemical Society for three years (2015–2018) and has a membership of the Royal Chemical Society, UK. Professor Ahmad has been actively engaged in teaching and research in the frontier areas of Materials Chemistry for the last 40 years. He has made ground breaking contributions, particularly in vegetable oil-based sustainable biodegradable polymers, conducting polymers, hydrogels, hyper branched polymers, polymer-based anti-corrosive coating materials, organic/inorganic nanomaterials, etc. To his credit, Professor Ahmad has more than 238 research papers, four books, and 23 book chapters published in prestigious journals and books with Google Scholar Citations of 8972, h-index 52, and i10-index 167 (till 4th September, 2021). He has guided 31 Ph.D. students through their doctoral work in his laboratory at JMI, New Delhi. Currently, he is guiding four scholars as a co-supervisor. He has contributed his work to 51 national and 52 international conferences. He was a pioneer in designing, developing, and initiating a PG course in Materials Chemistry in 1985 when the said branch was not even formally recognized across the globe. He has been instrumental in starting the two year Unani Pharmacy Course along with the Ph.D. program in Unani Medicine. Further, in order to attract bright faculty (Foreign/National Fellows), a "Multidisciplinary Centre for Advance Research and Studies" was also developed at JMI, New Delhi during the tenure of his deanship.

    Professor Ahmad received a research grant worth Rs. 1.32 crore, of which Rs. 68 lakh are from various R&D agencies, including DRDO (ARDB-NRB), Nuclear Science Center, CSIR, and UGC. He has successfully executed and completed these sponsored research projects. Currently, as co-P.I., he is running a DBT project of more than Rs. 64 lakh. Professor Ahmad has been serving as the subject expert in national committees of prestigious academic bodies of various institutions and universities (e.g., IIT, Delhi, NIT Srinagar & Allahabad, BHU, DU, AMU). Besides this, he is also a Ph.D. examiner in these universities and acted as subject expert in interviews at CSIR, UPSC, and Uttarakhand PSC. Professor Ahmad has long administrative experience and remains actively engaged in university administration and various national academic committees. He has been the Head, Department of Chemistry, JMI, New Delhi (2009–2012); Dean, Faculty of Natural Sciences (2015–2018), JMI, New Delhi; and acted as Superintendent for UG/PG examinations and entrance tests for different courses at JMI. He has also performed the job of Deputy Proctor (2002–2005); Assistant Proctor (2001–2002); and Tabulator of UG/PG Examinations (2002, 2004). He has been nominated as a member of the Board of Studies of many departments, faculty committees, academic councils, and executive councils, councils of court and finance committees in JMI and other universities.

    His pioneering studies led to the development of volatile organic compounds free green biodegradable low molecular weight polymers/oligomers from vegetable seeds, which are still underutilized. Vegetable seed oil has wider applications in non-conventional biodiesel and polymer industries. His work on oil-based polyester amides, epoxy, polyurethane, and alkyds has potential scope in industries. Professor Ahmad has also developed various oil-based polyols as well as oleo-polyol techniques for the synthesis of metallic, bimetallic, and trimetallic nano-magnetic ferrites, which have significant applications in the field of anticorrosive coatings, EMI shielding, water treatment, and hydrogels pertaining to drug delivery and the green polymer industry. Furthermore, waterborne alkyds/polyesters are being developed and studied as high performance anti-corrosive coating materials.

    Dr. Jyotsna Sharma is currently working as Associate Professor at Amity University Haryana, Gurugram (since July 2018). She obtained her Ph.D. degree in Physics from Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and completed her Bachelor’s and Master’s at Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra. She has been actively engaged in teaching and research for more than 15 years. Her areas of interest include Materials, Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Synthesis and Characterization of Nanomaterials, and Ion Beam Interaction with Plasma/Dusty Plasma. To her credit, she has published more than 30 research papers in international journals of high repute, about 15 research papers in international/national conferences, published two books with Pearson Asia, two book chapters, five patents and one MoU with National Sun-yat Sen University, Taiwan operational from March 2020. She has visited many countries, including the USA, Spain, France, Singapore, and Canada, to present her research work. She has guided two research scholars in their Ph.D. degrees, and currently, she is guiding six students for Ph.D. (four are international students from Taiwan) and many students for UG and PG project work. She has completed (2017–2021) a research project sanctioned from SERB, DST, India of worth Rs. 22 Lakh. She has also organized many international/national conferences/workshops/seminars and is an active member of many professional bodies like IEEE, Physical Society of India, and APCBEES. At AUH, she is a Ph.D. coordinator of ASAS, which includes many departments like Physics, Chemistry, Forensic Science, Biochemistry, and Mathematics. She also has many other administrative responsibilities within the department including being a Board of Studies member and program and lab coordinator of B.Sc (H) Physics.

    Professor Victor Gambhir is presently working as President/Vice Chancellor and Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at JECRC University, Jaipur, Rajasthan (since January 2021). He worked as Vice Chancellor and Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at SGT University Gurugram, Haryana from May 2020 to December 2020 and at Maharishi Markandeshwar (deemed to be University), Mullana, Ambala, Haryana from November 2016 to May 2020. He also worked as President/Vice Chancellor and Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at JECRC University, Jaipur, Rajasthan from June 2014 to November 2016. Prior to that, he worked as Pro-Vice Chancellor/Director Planning & Coordination and Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies from September 2006 to May 2014. He also worked as Workshop Superintendent at YMCA Institute of Engineering (now J. C. Bose University Science & Technology), Faridabad, Haryana from May 2005 to September 2006. Earlier, he worked as Joint Director, Technical Education Department, Government of Haryana from April 1998 to May 2005 and Deputy Director, Technical Education Department, Government of Haryana from April 1991 to June 1994. He has also worked as Head of the Department, Senior Lecturer, Workshop Superintendent and Lecturer in Government Polytechnics under the Department of Technical Education, Government of Haryana from December 1985 to March 1991 and July 1994 to April 1998. Prior to that, he worked in industry from June 1982 to May 1985 in the area of Engineering Projects and Pipelines.

    He obtained his Bachelor degree in Mechanical Engineering from the Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala (Punjabi University Patiala) in 1982 and Master degree in Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Rotodynamic Machines from Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh (Punjab University Chandigarh) in 1998. He obtained his Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in Quality in Engineering Education from Manav Rachna International University (now Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, deemed to be University), Faridabad. He obtained his Diploma in Management from IGNOU, New Delhi in 1989 and attended a Foreign Fellowship Program sponsored by the World Bank at Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE, Victoria, Australia from January 1998 to April 1998.

    He has published five textbooks for polytechnic students in the field of Applied Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Hydraulics and Hydraulic Machines, and Engineering Graphics. He has guided two Ph.D. dissertations. He has published nine research papers in international journals (six SCOPUS indexed) and six research papers in international/national conferences held by IISC Bangalore, IIT Delhi, and YMCA Institute of Engineering, Faridabad. He has been awarded two patents as co-inventor. He is a Member of the American Society for Mechanical Engineers, Life Member of the Indian Society for Technical Education, and Fellow Member of the Institution of Engineers (India).