Hellenic Statecraft and the Geopolitics of Difference
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This book explores competing definitions of Hellenism in the making of the Greek state by drawing on critical historical and geopolitical perspectives and their intersection with difference and exclusion.
It examines Greece’s central role in shaping the state system, regional security, and nationalisms of the Balkans, the Black Sea, and the Eastern Mediterranean regions. Understanding the Greek State's social constitution helps learn about the past and present intentions and strategies as well as local, national, and European notions of security and identity. The book looks at the relation of subaltern communities to state power and the state’s ability and willingness to negotiate difference. It also explores how the State’s identity politics shaped regional geopolitics in the past two centuries. Chapters present case studies that shed light on the Hellenization of Jewish Thessaloniki, the Treaty of Lausanne’s making of Western Thrace’s Muslim minority, the role and modes of settlement, urbanization, and ‘bordering-as-statecraft’ in Eastern Macedonia and Western Thrace, and the politics of erecting the Athens Mosque, the first officially-licensed mosque outside Western Thrace since Greek Independence.
With examples from fieldwork in Greek cities and borderlands, this book offers a wealth of primary research from geographers and historians on the modern history of Greek statehood. It will be of key interest to scholars of political geography, international relations, and European history.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Hellenic Statecraft and the Geopolitics of Difference
1.Hellenic Statecraft in Power Politics. A Paradigm Shift and the Limitations of Hard Power
2. Historiography as Geopolitics of Statecraft. The Byzantine Turn and the Crafting of a Modern Hellenic Identity.
3. Race, Identity, Territory. Contesting the Ethnological Profile of the Balkans
4. The Hellenization of Salonica. From Jewish Metropolis to Greece’s "Co-Capital" (1912-1932)
5. Western Thrace’s Minority Question. Redefining Difference Post-"Lausanne"
6. Pomaks, "Our forgotten siblings." From Suspect Aliens to Fulcrum of Statecraft.
7. The Hellenization of Borderlands I: Settlement and Urbanization as Statecraft – 1919-1941
8. The Hellenization of Borderlands II: The Greek-Bulgarian Border, Mount Sapka, and the City of Didymoteicho
9. Contesting the Building of the Athens Mosque. Worship and Placemaking in the Margins
Alex G. Papadopoulos is professor of urban and political geography at DePaul University. He studies the contestation of urban space in Europe and the United States. His urban work includes studies on Brussels, Saint Petersburg, Istanbul, and Chicago, and the political geographic research entangles ‘the urban’ in works on SE European geopolitics.
Triantafyllos G. Petridis, Director at the 3rd Secondary School in Athens, Greece, is an educator and independent researcher with degrees in history, archaeology, and political science. He has worked extensively on minority education in Greece, the critical teaching of history, and inter-communal reconciliation based on new pedagogies and curricula.