1st Edition

Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors Module Fabrication, Design and Operation, and Potential Applications

    324 Pages 203 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    324 Pages 203 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    This book on hollow fiber contractors presents an up-to-date compilation of the latest developments and milestones in this membrane technology. Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors: Module Fabrication, Design and Operation, and Potential Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of hollow fiber membrane applications (including a few case studies) in biotechnology, chemical, food, and nuclear engineering.

    The chapters in this book have been classified using the following, based on different ways of contacting fluids with each other: Gas-liquid contacting; Liquid-liquid contacting; Supported liquid membrane; Supported gas membrane; Fluid-fluid contacting.

    Other features include:

    • Discusses using non-dispersive solvent extraction, hollow fiber strip dispersion, hollow fiber supported liquid membranes and role of process intensification in integrated use of these processes
    • Provides technical and economic perspectives with several case studies related to specific scenarios
    • Demonstrates module fabrication, design, operation and maintenance of hollow fiber contactors for different applications and performance
    • Presents discussion on newer concepts like membrane emulsification, membrane nanoprecipitation, membrane crystallization and membrane condenser
    • Special focus on emerging areas such as the use of hollow fiber contactor in back end of nuclear fuel cycle, membrane distillation, dehumidification of air and gas absorption and stripping
    • Discusses theoretical analysis including computational modeling of different hollow fiber membrane processes, and presents emphasis on newly developed area of hollow fiber membrane based analytical techniques
    • Presents discussion on upcoming area dealing with hollow fiber contactors-based technology in fermentation and enzymatic transformation and in chiral separations

    This book is equally suited for newcomers to the field, as well as for engineers and scientists that have basic knowledge in this field but are interested in obtaining more information about specific future applications.

    PART I Introductory Chapters

    Chapter 1 Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors: Introduction and Perspectives

    Anil K. Pabby, S. Ranil Wickramasinghe, Kamalesh K. Sirkar, and Ana-Maria Sastre

    Chapter 2 Advanced Concepts in Membrane Contactors

    Kamalesh K. Sirkar and J. Chau

    Chapter 3 Membrane Contactor Device Designs – History and Advancements

    A. Sengupta and G. P. Taylor

    PART II Chapters on Gas–Liquid Contacting

    Chapter 4 Advances in Hollow Fiber Contactor-Based Technology in Gas Absorption and Stripping

    P. S.Goh, R. Naim, A. F. Ismail, B. C. Ng, and M. S. Abdullah

    Chapter 5 Membrane Contactor Applications in Various Industries

    A. Sengupta and P. A. Peterson

    PART III Chapters on Liquid–Liquid Contacting

    Chapter 6 Computational Modeling of Mass Transfer in Hollow Fiber Membrane-Based Separation Processes

    B. Swain, A. M. Sastre, and Anil K. Pabby

    Chapter 7 Treatment of Metal-Bearing Aqueous Solutions via Hollow Fibers Processing

    F. J. Alguacil

    Chapter 8 Process Intensification in Integrated Use of Hollow Fiber Contactor-Based Processes: Case Studies of Sparkling Water Production and Membrane Contactor-Based Strip Dispersion Process

    Anil K. Pabby, S. R. Wickramasinghe, Kamalesh K. Sirkar, and A. M. Sastre

    Chapter 9 Application of Hollow Fiber Contactor for Polishing of Lean Streams Containing Uranium from Nuclear Industry: Scale up and Demonstration

    S. Mukhopadhyay, S. Mishra, K. T. Shenoy, and V. A. Juvekar

    Chapter 10 Advances in Membrane Emulsification and Membrane Nanoprecipitation Using Membrane Contactors: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives

    E. Piacentini, F. Bazzarelli, E. Drioli, and L. Giorno

    PART IV Chapters on Supported Liquid Membranes

    Chapter 11 Application of Liquid Membrane Technology at Back End of Nuclear Fuel Cycle—Perspective and Challenges

    S. Panja, P. S. Dhami, J. S. Yadav, and C. P. Kaushik

    Chapter 12 Hollow Fiber Membrane-Based Analytical Techniques: Recent Advances

    Anil K. Pabby, B. Swain, V. K. Mittal, N. L. Sonar, T. P Valsala, D. B. Sathe, R. B. Bhatt, and A. M. Sastre

    PART V Chapters on Supported Gas Membranes

    Chapter 13 Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors for Dehumidification of Air

    M. Madhumala, T. Nagamani, and S. Sridhar

    Chapter 14 Gas Filled Membrane Pores – Fundamentals and Applications

    A. Sengupta and S. Ranil Wickramasinghe

    Chapter 15 Ammonium Valorization from Urban Wastewater as Liquid Fertilizers by Using Liquid–Liquid Membrane Contactors

    A. Mayor, X. Vecino, M. Reig, N. de Arespacochaga, C. Valderrama, and J. L. Cortina

    PART VI Chapters on Fluid–Fluid Contacting

    Chapter 16 Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors in Facilitated Transport-Based Separations – Fundamentals and Applications

    M. Fallanza, A. Ortiz, D. Gorri, and I. Ortiz

    Chapter 17 Membrane Distillation, Membrane Crystallization, and Membrane Condenser

    M. Frappa, F. Macedonio, and E. Drioli

    Chapter 18 Role of Hollow Fiber Contactor-Based Technology in Fermentation and Enzymatic Transformation and in Chiral Separations

    G. P. Syed Ibrahim, A. M. Isloor, and R. Farnood

    Chapter 19 Advances in Hollow Fiber Contactor Technology in Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biotechnological Separation

    T. Patra and S. Ranil Wickramasinghe



    Dr. Anil Kumar Pabby is presently serving with one of the pioneer research centre of India, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Tarapur, Mumbai, Maharashtra, as Scientific Officer (Senior Scientist) and associated with Department of Atomic Energy activities including research and development work under DAE programme. He did his Ph.D. from University of Mumbai, India and subsequently carried out his postdoctoral work at Technical university of Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain. Dr. Pabby has more than 190 publications to his credit including 20 chapters and two patent on non-dispersive membrane technology. He was invited to join as an associate editor of International journal ‘Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry’ during 2002-2005. He has also served as consultant to IAEA, Vienna, Austria for developing technical book volume on "Application of membrane technologies for liquid radioactive waste processing". Dr. Pabby has taken a leading role in publishing "Handbook of membrane separation: Chemical, pharmaceutical, food and biotechnological applications’ in July 2008 by CRC Press, New York, USA. The second edition of this book is published in April 2015.

    Dr. Pabby has been a regular reviewer for several national and international journals and also serving in editorial board of few reputed international journals. His research interest includes membrane based solvent extraction, liquid membrane and its modeling aspects, pressure driven membrane processes, macrocyclic compounds etc. Dr Pabby has been elected as a Fellow of the Maharashtra Academy of Sciences (FMASc) in 2003 for his outstanding contribution in membrane science and technology. Also, he has been awarded with prestigious Tarun Datta Memorial award (instituted by Indian Association Nuclear Chemist and Allied Scientist ) for his contribution in Nuclear and Radiochemistry for the year 2005. He is appointed as Associate Professor and Ph.D. guide and also M.Tech guide, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai. He is serving as Secretary, Indian Association Nuclear Chemist and Allied Scientist, Tarapur chapter since 2008.

    He has delivered several keynote/plenary/invited talk in national and international conferences. He has also served as chairman of the different sessions in conference in India and abroad .

    Ana Maria Sastre is a professor of Chemical Engineering at the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (Barcelona, Spain), where she has been teaching Chemistry for more than 40 years. She received the Ph.D. from Autonomous University of Barcelona in 1982 and has been working for many years in the field of solvent extraction, solvent impregnated resins and membrane technology and adsorption processes.

    She was a visiting fellow at Department of Inorganic Chemistry, The Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden, during 1980-1981 and carried out postdoctoral research work during October 1986-April 1987 at Laboratoire de Chimie Minerale, de l’Ecole Europeenne des Hautes Etudes des Industries Chimiques d’Estrasbourg, France.

    During 2015 she was Fulbright visiting scholar at Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department of the University of California, Berkeley.

    Prof. Sastre has published more than 200 journal publications and more than 80 papers in international conferences. She holds 7 patent applications. She has advised 13 Ph.D. students and 16 master theses and is a reviewer of many international journals. She was awarded the "Narcis Monturiol medal for scientific and technological merits" given by the Generalitat de Catalunya for outstanding contribution in science and technology in 2003.

    Prof. Sastre has been the head of the Chemical Engineering Department from 1999 till 2005 and from 2006 till 2013 has been Vicepresident for Academic Policy of the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya.

    Dr. Ranil Wickramasinghe has published over 200 peer reviewed journal articles, several book chapters and is co-editor of a book on responsive membrane and materials. He is active in the American Institute of Chemical Engineeers and the North American Membrane Society. He is executive editor of Separation Science and Technology. Prof Wickramasinghe’s research interests are in membrane science and technology. His research focuses on synthetic membrane-based separation processes for purification of pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals, treatment and reuse of water and for the production of biofuels. Typical unit operations include: microfiltration, ultrafiltration, virus filtration, nanofiltration, membrane extraction etc. A current research focus is surface modification of membranes in order to impart unique surface properties. His group is actively developing responsive membranes. These membranes change their physical properties in response to changed environmental conditions. A second research focus is the development of catalytic membranes for biomass hydrolysis by grafting catalytic groups to the membrane surface. Prof Wickramasinghe obtained his Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees from the University of Melbourne, Australia in Chemical Engineering. He obtained his PhD from the University of Minnesota, also in Chemical Engineering. He worked for 5 years in the biotechnology/biomedical industry in the Boston area before joining the faculty of Chemical Engineering at Colorado State University. He joined the Department of Chemical Engineering at the University of Arkansas in 2011 where he holds the Ross E Martin Chair in Emerging Technologies and is an Arkansas Research Alliance Scholar.

    Kamalesh K. Sirkar is a Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering and Foundation Professor of Membrane Separations at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT). He was a Professor of Chemical Engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He received B. Tech (Hons) from IIT, Kharagpur and Ph.D. from University of Illinois, Urbana. His research involves synthetic membranes and membrane separation processes and techniques. He pioneered the notion of microporous membranes as membrane contactors of immiscible phase-pairs. He invented the commercialized membrane-based solvent extraction technology for which Hoechst Celanese, Inc. received Honorable Mention in 1991 Kirkpatrick Award. He invented also the hollow-fiber contained liquid membrane technology. His other innovations include: Novel hollow-fiber membrane technology for membrane distillation; multilayer ultrafiltration membranes for protein purification; membrane-based ozonation; dendrimers for CO2 separation; integrated filtration-chromatography technique for direct protein purification from a fermentation broth; solid hollow fiber cooling crystallization; porous hollow fiber-based anti-solvent crystallization. His advisees include: 28 post-doctoral fellows, 36 PhD and 47 MS students. He has authored 207 refereed journal papers and 22 book chapters. He has delivered 350 Conference presentations, ten Plenary Lectures and fourteen Keynote lectures. He is Editor-in-Chief of "Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering" (11-) since its inception. He is coeditor of "Membrane Handbook" which won the Professional and Scholarly Publishing Award for the Most Outstanding Engineering Work, 1992. He was/is in the Editorial Boards of J. Membrane Science (89- ), I&EC Research, Separation Science and Technology and Indian Chemical Engineer (IIChE). His awards and honors are: M. Eng.(Hon), Stevens Institute (87); Harlan Perlis Award for Research (NJIT) (97); Honorary Fellow, IIChE (01); AIChE’s Institute Award for Excellence in Industrial Gases Technology (05); Clarence Gerhold Award, Separations Division (AIChE) (08); AAAS Fellow (08); 2009 NJIT Board of Overseers Excellence in Research Prize and Medal; 2016 Fellow, National Academy of Inventors; 2017 Alan S. Michaels Award for Innovation in Membrane Science and Technology by North American Membrane Society (NAMS); 2017 Fellow, NAMS; 2020 Fellow, AIChE. He has received 34 US patents, 3 Canada patents and 1 Indian patent. He was a Director of Separations Division (AIChE) (94-96). He was President of NAMS for 98-99 and in its Board of Directors during 96-01. His book entitled "Separation of Molecules, Macromolecules and Particles: Principles, Phenomena and Processes" was published in 2014 by Cambridge University Press in the Cambridge Series in Chemical Engineering.