In contrast to nuclear plants and aerospace systems, human error is largely ignored in quantitative risk assessment for petroleum and chemical plants. Because of this, current risk analysis methods are able to calculate and predict only about one-third of the accidents happening in practice. Human Error in Process Plant Design and Operations: A Practitioner’s Guide shows you how to develop a comprehensive risk assessment that includes human error. Based on the well-known SRK model of human error, this book represents a practical collection of examples and statistics from more than 30 years of study, with many examples of the practical application of methods.
The book provides a complete overview of the various types of human error, including operator error, hindrances and inability to function, errors in observation, errors in performing standard procedures, errors in supervisory control, errors in decision making and planning, infractions and violations, design errors, and errors in procedures. It then goes on to identify human error potential and probabilities, and discusses techniques and methodologies that can be implemented to minimize human errors and prevent accidents.
The result of the author's observations of human error over a lifetime of work as an operator, as a commissioning coordinator, and as an operations manager, the book demonstrates how to analyse, manage, and mitigate many types of error. By taking advantage of the author's experience and expert knowledge, and by applying the techniques and methodologies illustrated in this book, you will be able to make changes which will make work easier, error free, clearly understood, and more congenial.
Table of Contents
Models of Operator Error
Hindrances and Inability to Function
Errors in Observation
Errors in Performing Standard Procedures: Rule-Based Operation
Operator Error in the Field
Knowledge and Ignorance in Plant Operation
Errors in Supervisory Control
Emergency Response and Disturbance Control
Diagnosis of Plant Disturbances
Errors in Decision Making and Planning
Infractions and Violations
Errors in Procedures
Identifying Human Error Potential
Examples of Human Error Analysis
Human Error Risk Reduction
J. Robert Taylor is the author of the QRA Open software, an open system for quantitative risk assessment, and the HAZEX software for manual and semi-automated HAZOP and Human error analysis, all open systems. He also prepared the database Hazardous Materials Release and Accident Frequencies for Process Plant. This is his third book on risk analysis and safety engineering topics. He now lives in Denmark, carrying out research on design error and the quality of risk analysis and occasional safety consultancy.
"…a comprehensive overview of the several types of human errors that can occur in any industrial plant or research lab. The result of the author's observations of human error over 36 years of work as an operator illustrated in this book make this book unique and very useful for both academia and industry."
—Nayef Ghasem, United Arab Emirates University
"…explores a broad range of practical plant and facility operation issues and considerations, providing explanations for human errors which better enable us to prevent similar or repeat incidents from human errors. The general focus on worker attitudes, training and competency assurance, workplace supervision, management, operating procedures and design, promises the reader an interesting introduction into understanding human errors in the workplace."
—Dr. Chit Lutchman, Safety Erudite, Inc.
"The author has done a good job organizing and illustrating the various types of human error. I found the chapters on design errors and management errors especially enlightening. My experience in incident investigation has told me that these areas of human error are often not adequately addressed during root cause incident investigation. I recommend this book to those involved in designing and operating chemical processes as well as those involved in incident investigation."
—Process Safety Progress, December Issue 2016