Human Factors in Lighting: 3rd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Human Factors in Lighting

3rd Edition

By Peter Robert Boyce

CRC Press

704 pages | 255 B/W Illus.

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Description

The availability of electric lighting has changed the lives of people the world over, yet as a major user of electricity it has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years. This scrutiny has focused largely on the environmental consequences, with little consideration of the benefits of lighting. Human Factors in Lighting, Third Edition restores some balance to the discussion by examining the ways in which people interact with lighting. These interactions influence the ability to perform visual tasks; the perception of people, objects, and spaces; human comfort and behavior; as well as human health and safety. It is only by understanding how to use light to achieve these ends that lighting can be provided effectively and efficiently to the benefit of all.

See What’s New in the Third Edition:

  • New chapters on the non-image-forming system, lighting for pedestrians, light pollution, and lighting and electricity use
  • Revision of all other chapters to update them to take into account the advances that have been made in our understanding of the effects of light on people over the last decade
  • Integration of the combined effects of light via the visual and non-image-forming systems on performance and perception

The book covers both the visual and the non-visual effects of light on people as well as the benefits of lighting and the costs it imposes on the environment. It details the consequences of exposure to lighting or lighting technology and the role of exposure to light on such basic functions of the body as circadian rhythms. The author combines information from many different sources and integrates them into a coherent overview of lighting practice that can be used to develop better lighting solutions at a lower environmental cost.

Reviews

"The broad scope of the book is impressive. … If you have an interest in research of lighting, vision or visual psychology, in lighting design, or in ergonomics, this book is certain to contain new and interesting ideas."

—Professor Steve Fotios, University of Sheffield

"The third edition is the best yet from Dr. Boyce. It is comprehensive, penetrating and fair in the discussion of topics, and provides the reader with an engaging narrative that facilitates a sophisticated understanding of the impact of lighting on people. The depth and breadth of Dr. Boyce’s mastery of the subject is revealed, and his writing style makes the wide range of topics highly accessible to anyone interested in Human Factors in Lighting."

—Mark S. Rea, PhD, Lighting Research Center, Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst.

"… I will open the book numerous times in my classes and my laboratory with my students in the coming ten years. While reading this book I feel like I am sitting in the class of human factors in lighting taught by Professor Peter Boyce. I believe Dr. Peter Boyce wrote this book with all his heart."

—Yukio Akashi, University of Fukui

"This is a really excellent textbook and continues in a modern form the paths laid by M. Luckiesh, H.C. Weston, and R.G. Hopkinson. It expounds not only the science of the subject but also the relevance to lighting practice. The style is succinct and lucid throughout, but moreover, the author communicates with the reader in that he rounds off descriptions of experimental studies with a conclusion about the implications of the work, and a summary of the main arguments is provided at the end of every chapters. This is a very readable book as well as being a unique and comprehensive source of reference. It is a vital volume, which should be possessed by everyone in the lighting profession."

—Lighting Reseach & Technology, Vol. 36., no. 1, 2004

Table of Contents

Fundamentals

Light

Introduction

Light and Radiation

CIE Standard Observers

Photometric Quantities

Some Limitations

Colorimetric Quantities

Sources of Light

Control of Light Distribution

Control of Light Output

Summary

Visual System

Introduction

Structure of the Visual System

Continuous Adjustments of the Visual System

Capabilities of the Visual System

Perception through the Visual System

Summary

Non-Image-Forming System

Introduction

Some Physiology

Circadian Timing System

Characteristics of the Circadian Timing System

Awakening System

Pupil Size

Problems and Potential

Summary

Generalities

Lighting and Work

Introduction

Overview

Light, Work, and the Visual System

Light, Work, and the Non-Image-Forming System

Light, Work, Mood, and Motivation

Summary

Lighting and Visual Discomfort

Introduction

Characteristics of Visual Discomfort

General Causes of Visual Discomfort

Specific Causes of Visual Discomfort

Discomfort, Performance, and Behaviour

Visual Discomfort and Lighting Quality

Summary

Lighting and the Perception of Spaces and Objects

Introduction

Simple Perceptions

Higher-Order Perceptions

Perception of Objects

Summary

Specifics

Lighting for Offices

Introduction

Illuminance

Light Sources for Office Lighting

Lighting Systems

Lighting Controls

Summary

Lighting for Industry

Introduction

Problems Facing Lighting in Industry

General Lighting

Localized and Task Lighting

Visual Inspection

Special Situations

Summary

Escape Lighting

Introduction

Escape Lighting in Context

Operating Conditions

Exit Signs

Escape Route Lighting

Special Situations

Escape Lighting in Practice

Summary

Lighting for Driving

Introduction

Vehicle Forward Lighting

Vehicle Signal Lighting

Road Lighting

Markings, Signs, and Traffic Signals

Summary

Lighting for Pedestrians

Introduction

What Pedestrians Want from Lighting

Lighting Criteria

Lighting for Safe Movement

Lighting for Security

Lighting, Comfort, and Attraction

Completing the Picture

Summary

Lighting and Crime

Introduction

Some History

Lighting as a Crime Prevention Measure

The Reason Why

Essential Characteristics of Lighting

Special Situations

Generalization and Value

Summary

Lighting for the Elderly

Introduction

Optical Changes with Age

Neural Changes with Age

Vision Loss

Effects of Age on Visual Capabilities

Effects of Age on Real Visual Tasks

Effects of Age on the Circadian Timing System

What Can Be Done to Offset the Effects of Age?

Summary

Light and Health

Introduction

Light as Radiation

Light Operating through the Visual System

Light Operating through the Circadian Timing System

Unresolved Issues

Summary

Light Pollution

Introduction

Forms of Light Pollution

Causes of Light Pollution

Consequences of Light Pollution

Reactions to Light Pollution

Limiting Light Pollution

The Future

Summary

Lighting and Electricity Consumption

Introduction

Legal Status

Trends in Lighting Regulation

Trends in Lighting Recommendations

Design

Load Shedding

Summary

The Way Ahead

Introduction

Background

Problems with New Technology

Problems with New Knowledge

Problems with Increased Pressure

Research Approaches

New Tools

Evaluating Research

Summary

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety