1st Edition

Human Trafficking and Exploitation Lessons from Europe

    274 Pages
    by Routledge

    274 Pages
    by Routledge

    Human trafficking is a serious human rights violation that leads to the gross exploitation of its victims, who are coerced into forced labor and slavery across the globe. As the current migration movement and refugee situation reaches crisis point in Europe, the risk of human trafficking from the Mediterranean Sea through Italy into Central and Western Europe has become a critical emergency. Focusing on human trafficking along this route into Europe, this book discusses the systematic exploitation of victims and the subsequent violation of human rights within an international context, providing an overview of the causes, regulation and prevention of the issue.

    Academic researchers, practitioners and policy-makers are brought together to provide both theoretical perspectives and practice-based approaches for addressing the issue of human trafficking. As well as scholarly contributions from experts in the field, the book also includes experiences and strategies of policy-makers and practitioners from governmental and non-governmental organizations, along with the real-life scenarios and practice reports.

    Human Trafficking and Exploitation should be considered essential reading for academics, policy-makers, advocates and activists interested in preventing human trafficking and protecting human rights. It will also be of interest to those with research interests within the broader themes of law, politics and international relations and social and health policy.

    List of contributors



    Introduction. Human Trafficking and Exploitation: Lessons from Europe

    (Belachew Gebrewold, Johanna Kostenzer, and Andreas Th. Müller) 

    Part I: Theoretical Reflections

    Chapter 1. Human Trafficking and Structural Violence

    (Belachew Gebrewold)

    Chapter 2. Digging in the Dark. Mapping the Economics of Human Trafficking

    (Andreas Exenberger)

    Chapter 3. The Promise and Pitfalls of Criminalizing Trafficking in Persons at the International Level. An Analysis from the Perspective of International and European Criminal Law

    (Andreas Th. Müller)

    Chapter 4. Corporate Liability regarding Trafficking in Human Beings for the purpose of Labor Exploitation and the Right to Reparation

    (Julia Planitzer)

    Chapter 5. Human Trafficking and Exploitation for the Purpose of Reproduction

    (Johanna Kostenzer)

    Chapter 6. Migrant Care Work in Austrian Families – a Win-Win-Situation for Everyone?

    (Eva Fleischer)

    Chapter 7. Smuggling and Trafficking in Human Beings at the Time of the Syrian Conflict

    (Luigi Achilli)

    Chapter 8. Re-conceptualizing the Operations of Trafficking in Persons in Ethiopia to Inform Policy and Practice

    (Abebaw Minaye)

    Part II: Insights of the Practice

    Chapter 9. Combatting Trafficking in Human Beings: the Council of Europe response

    (Petya Nestorova)

    Chapter 10. Protecting Populations at Risk of Human Trafficking and Exploitation in Crisis Situations. Case studies of Post-Earthquake Nepal and the Western Balkans in Light of the EU/Mediterranean Migration Crisis.

    (Katie Klaffenböck, Irina Todorova, Michela Macchiavello)

    Chapter 11. The Use of Electronic Evidence to More Effectively Fight Trafficking in Persons

    (Tejal Jesrani)

    Chapter 12. Trafficking in Human Beings: the Present, the Past, and the Victims’ Need to Regain Dignity

    (Rosanna Paradiso)

    Chapter 13. Identification and Protection of Trafficked Children - Mechanisms of Coordination and Cooperation

    (Astrid Winkler) 

    Concluding Remarks



    Belachew Gebrewold is a professor of international relations and Head of Department and of Studies of Social Work and Social Policy and Management at Management Center Innsbruck, an Entrepreneurial School. His research areas are international security, conflicts, migration, and social policy

    Johanna Kostenzer is Lecturer and Research Assistant at the Department of Nonprofit, Social and Health Care Management at Management Center Innsbruck. Her research focuses on sexual and reproductive health, gender-based violence, bioethics, and decision making in health and social policy.

    Andreas Th. Müller is Associate Professor at the Department of European Law and Public International Law of the University of Innsbruck. His research focus is on international human rights and humanitarian law, international and European criminal law as well as international and European migration and refugee law

    'Everyone interested in human trafficking should read this book. It is truly an encyclopedia of issues related to this subject, which is of such importance to all of us. The book is both readable and well researched, presenting the current situation around the world and suggesting solutions.' -  Nancy Hollander, Freedman Boyd Hollander Goldberg Urias & Ward P.A.