Human trafficking is a serious human rights violation that leads to the gross exploitation of its victims, who are coerced into forced labor and slavery across the globe. As the current migration movement and refugee situation reaches crisis point in Europe, the risk of human trafficking from the Mediterranean Sea through Italy into Central and Western Europe has become a critical emergency. Focusing on human trafficking along this route into Europe, this book discusses the systematic exploitation of victims and the subsequent violation of human rights within an international context, providing an overview of the causes, regulation and prevention of the issue.
Academic researchers, practitioners and policy-makers are brought together to provide both theoretical perspectives and practice-based approaches for addressing the issue of human trafficking. As well as scholarly contributions from experts in the field, the book also includes experiences and strategies of policy-makers and practitioners from governmental and non-governmental organizations, along with the real-life scenarios and practice reports.
Human Trafficking and Exploitation should be considered essential reading for academics, policy-makers, advocates and activists interested in preventing human trafficking and protecting human rights. It will also be of interest to those with research interests within the broader themes of law, politics and international relations and social and health policy.
List of contributors
Introduction. Human Trafficking and Exploitation: Lessons from Europe
(Belachew Gebrewold, Johanna Kostenzer, and Andreas Th. Müller)
Part I: Theoretical Reflections
Chapter 1. Human Trafficking and Structural Violence
Chapter 2. Digging in the Dark. Mapping the Economics of Human Trafficking
Chapter 3. The Promise and Pitfalls of Criminalizing Trafficking in Persons at the International Level. An Analysis from the Perspective of International and European Criminal Law
(Andreas Th. Müller)
Chapter 4. Corporate Liability regarding Trafficking in Human Beings for the purpose of Labor Exploitation and the Right to Reparation
Chapter 5. Human Trafficking and Exploitation for the Purpose of Reproduction
Chapter 6. Migrant Care Work in Austrian Families – a Win-Win-Situation for Everyone?
Chapter 7. Smuggling and Trafficking in Human Beings at the Time of the Syrian Conflict
Chapter 8. Re-conceptualizing the Operations of Trafficking in Persons in Ethiopia to Inform Policy and Practice
Part II: Insights of the Practice
Chapter 9. Combatting Trafficking in Human Beings: the Council of Europe response
Chapter 10. Protecting Populations at Risk of Human Trafficking and Exploitation in Crisis Situations. Case studies of Post-Earthquake Nepal and the Western Balkans in Light of the EU/Mediterranean Migration Crisis.
(Katie Klaffenböck, Irina Todorova, Michela Macchiavello)
Chapter 11. The Use of Electronic Evidence to More Effectively Fight Trafficking in Persons
Chapter 12. Trafficking in Human Beings: the Present, the Past, and the Victims’ Need to Regain Dignity
Chapter 13. Identification and Protection of Trafficked Children - Mechanisms of Coordination and Cooperation
'Everyone interested in human trafficking should read this book. It is truly an encyclopedia of issues related to this subject, which is of such importance to all of us. The book is both readable and well researched, presenting the current situation around the world and suggesting solutions.' - Nancy Hollander, Freedman Boyd Hollander Goldberg Urias & Ward P.A.