Indigenous Youth and Multilingualism
Language Identity, Ideology, and Practice in Dynamic Cultural Worlds
Bridging the fields of youth studies and language planning and policy, this book takes a close, nuanced look at Indigenous youth bi/multilingualism across diverse cultural and linguistic settings, drawing out comparisons, contrasts, and important implications for language planning and policy and for projects designed to curtail language loss. Indigenous and non-Indigenous scholars with longstanding ties to language planning efforts in diverse Indigenous communities examine language policy and planning as de facto and de jure – as covert and overt, bottom-up and top-down. This approach illuminates crosscutting themes of language identity and ideology, cultural conflict, and linguistic human rights as youth negotiate these issues within rapidly changing sociolinguistic contexts. A distinctive feature of the book is its chapters and commentaries by Indigenous scholars writing about their own communities.
This landmark volume stands alone in offering a look at diverse Indigenous youth in multiple endangered language communities, new theoretical, empirical, and methodological insights, and lessons for intergenerational language planning in dynamic sociocultural contexts.
Table of Contents
Foreword, Leanne Hinton Preface, Acknowledgements 1. Introduction: Beyond Endangerment: Language and Languaging in the Lives of Indigenous Youth Leisy T. Wyman, Teresa L. McCarty, and Sheilah E. Nicholas 2. Genealogies of Language Loss and Recovery: Indigenous Youth Language Practices and Cultural Continuance Teresa L. McCarty, Mary Eunice Romero-Little, Larisa Warhol, and Ofelia Zepeda 3. Just Keep Expanding Outwards: Embodied Space as Cultural Critique in the Life and Work of a Navajo Hip Hop Artist Brendan H. O’Connor and Gilbert Brown 4. Being" Hopi by "Living" Hopi: Redefining and Reasserting Cultural and Linguistic Identity: Emergent Hopi Youth Ideologies Sheilah E. Nicholas 5. Youth Linguistic Survivance in Transforming Settings: A Yup’ik Example Leisy T. Wyman 6. "I Didn’t Know You Knew Mexicano!": Shifting Ideologies, Identities, and Ambivalence among Former Youth in Tlaxcala, Mexico Jacqueline Messing 7. Critical Language Awareness among Native Youth in New Mexico Tiffany S. Lee 8. Igniting a Youth Language Movement: Inuit Youth as Agents of Circumpolar Language Planning Shelley R. Tulloch 9. Efforts of the Ree-volution: Revitalizing Arikara Language in an Endangered Language Context Kuunux Teerit Kroupa 10. Commentary: A Native Hawaiian Perspective on Indigenous Youth and Bilingualism William H. Wilson and Kauanoe Kamanä 11. Commentary: Indigenous Youth Bilingualism from a Yup’k Perspective Walkie Charles 12. Commentary: En/countering Indigenous Bi/Multilingualism Ofelia García
Leisy T. Wyman is Associate Professor in the Language, Reading and Culture Program, and affiliate faculty in the American Indian Studies and Second Language Acquisition and Teaching Programs at the University of Arizona, USA.
Teresa L. McCarty is the George F. Kneller Chair in Education and Anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles, and Alice Wiley Snell Professor Emerita of Education Policy Studies at Arizona State University, USA.
Sheilah E. Nicholas (Hopi) is Assistant Professor in the Language, Reading, and Culture Program, and affiliate faculty in the American Indian Studies and Second Language Acquisition and Teaching Programs at the University of Arizona, USA.
"This text will be valuable to scholars of multilingualism, youth studies scholars, indigenous studies scholars, and those interested in community-driven research practices, and therefore provides a great resource to students at many levels who would be drawn to such community engaged work so that they can do so ethically and with the community needs in mind." ― Jessica Bardill, East Carolina University
"…a much-needed exploration of language practices, policy implementation, and advocacy efforts among Indigenous youth living in the United States and around the world. The ethnographies will challenge readers to engage in socially conscious ethnographic research and consider their responsibility to support ongoing language revitalization efforts around the globe." ― Guadalupe Valdés, Stanford University, USA
"Finally, scholars and students have a resource that accounts for the vitality and massive diversity of Indigenous youth communicative repertoires. This path-breaking volume tackles the important and neglected work of exploring the relationship between ever-morphing indigenous youth cultural practice and the traditional goals of language policy and planning. " ― Betsy Rymes, The University of Pennsylvania, USA
"This book raises important questions about existing conceptualizations of language maintenance and language shift. It fills a gap in our knowledge of Indigenous youth and provides important insights about language and identity."― Ariana Mangual Figueroa, Rutgers University Graduate School of Education, USA
"Throughout the book, young people’s love of their language expresses itself, whether that love is there from the beginning or learned later. The future of their Indigenous languages is in their hands. Thanks to the editors and authors in this volume, the literature on language loss and revitalization now includes the voices of this critical young generation." ― Leanne Hinton, Professor Emerita of Linguistics at the University of California-Berkeley, USA, from the Foreword