Industrial Composting: Environmental Engineering and Facilities Management, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Industrial Composting

Environmental Engineering and Facilities Management, 1st Edition

By Eliot Epstein

CRC Press

340 pages | 124 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2011-02-08
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Description

The ultimate in recycling, composting has been in use in some form since ancient times. A well-managed composting facility should exist as a good neighbor contributing to ecology. However, since local populations often perceive risks if a composting facility is built nearby, composting facilities must be designed and operated with minimal odor, dust, and noise emissions. Industrial Composting examines the key operational aspects and problems associated with composting, with strong emphasis on odor mitigation, pathogens, and aerosols.

Designed for composting professionals and supported by extensive quality references, this book covers:

  • Facilities Planning and Design
  • Odor Management
  • Design, Material, Energy, and Water Balances
  • Economics of Product Marketing and Sales
  • Public Relations, Participation, and Communication Regulations
  • Pathogen Concentrations as Related to Feedstocks
  • Bioaerosols Associated with Composting and Their Potential Diseases

While many books cover composting, most of those currently available are either out of date or contain only a few chapters on the subject. With interest growing in the use of composting for biosolids, food wastes, and other specialty areas, the need for an up-to-date, focused resource is also increasing. To assist composting practitioners, community decision makers, and advocates, Industrial Composting brings recent advances and best practices in composting together in an accessible, professional volume.

Reviews

"Any reference by Dr. Epstein is a valuable tool for the composting professional … It also includes perhaps the most comprehensive list of reference materials, which should be very helpful if the reader desires more information on a particular topic."

John T. Bouey, P.E., President, Managed Organic Recycling, Inc., Oakland, California

Table of Contents

Preface

Acknowledgment

The Author

A Prospective

Introduction

History

Advantages and Disadvantages of Composting

The Technology of Composting

Potentially Associated Risks with Composting or Compost Use

Conclusion

References

Basic Concepts of Composting

Introduction

Temperature

Carbon and Nitrogen (C:N)

Moisture

Oxygen and Aeration

Microorganisms in Composting

Stability, Maturity, and Phytotoxicity

Conclusion

References

The Composting Process

Introduction

The Composting Process

Conclusion

References

Design and Material, Energy, and Water Balances

Introduction

Approaches to Design

Material, Energy, and Water Balances

Conclusion

References

Facilities Planning

Introduction

Facility Ownership and Management

Community Involvement

Permit and Ancillary Requirements

Regulations

Site Existing Conditions

System and Technology Selection

Conclusion

References

Composting Technologies and Systems

Introduction

Generic Classification of Composting Technologies

Criteria for System Selection

Conclusion

References

Facility Design

Introduction

Process Flow Determination

Site Design and Improvements

Equipment

Basic Design Information

Conclusion

References

Economics

Introduction

Economics

Economics of Product Marketing and Sales

Conclusion

References

Odor Management Basic Concepts

Introduction

Assessing and Evaluating Odors

Production of Odors as Related to Technology

Odors and Receptors

Conclusion

References

Operational Control of Odors

Introduction

Principles of Operational Control

Managerial Aspects of Odor Management

Covers

Chemical Odor Neutralizers and Additives

Conclusion

References

Odor Control Systems

Introduction

Biofiltration

Biofilters

Design Criteria and Operational Considerations of a Biofilter

Media

Biofilter Design

Managing Biofilters

Other Biological Control Systems

Covers

Conclusion

References

Pathogens

Introduction

Pathogen Concentrations as Related to Feedstocks

Types of Pathogens

Public and Worker Concerns and Issues

Conclusion

References

Bioaerosols

Introduction

Bioaerosols Associated with Composting and Their Potential

Diseases

Predominant Bioaerosols Related to Composting and Their

Presence in the Environment

Bioaerosols and Composting

Bioaerosols and Human Health as Related to Composting

Managing Bioaerosols

Conclusion

References

Site Management

Introduction

Health and Safety

Site Management

Sampling, Analyzing, and Testing

Conclusion

References

Public Relations, Communication, and Regulations

Introduction

Public Relations and Communication

Regulations

Public Relations, Participation, and Communication

Regulations

Odor Regulations

Conclusion

References

Product Utilization and Marketing

Introduction

Properties of Compost

Utilization of Compost

Compost Marketing

Conclusion

References

Index

About the Author

Dr. Eliot Epstein is an internationally known expert in composting of waste material. He specializes in composting and biosolids management, solid waste, land application, and waste disposal. He is a soil physicist-agronomist by training.

Dr. Epstein spent 16 years as Research and Station Leader for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Research Service at the University of Maine in Orono, Maine. In 1972, Dr. Epstein transferred to the USDA Research Center at Beltsville, Maryland, where he was the principal scientist on the project that resulted in the development of the "Beltsville" Forced Aeration Composting System for sewage sludge. Dr. Epstein has directed a variety of waste management projects for both government and industry.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT011000
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General