Industrial Power Systems : Evolutionary Aspects book cover
1st Edition

Industrial Power Systems
Evolutionary Aspects



  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after April 13, 2022
ISBN 9781032138770
April 13, 2022 Forthcoming by CRC Press
448 Pages 127 B/W Illustrations

USD $180.00

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Book Description

This book provides evolutionary and integrated aspects of industrial power systems including review of development of modern power systems from DC to microgrid. Generation options of thermal, hydro power including nuclear and power from renewables is discussed along with concept for single line diagram, overhead transmission lines, concepts of corona, sag, overhead insulators, and over voltage protective devices. Subsequent chapters cover analysis of power system and power system protection with basic idea of power system planning and economic operations.

Features:

  • Covers the fundamentals of power systems, including its design, analysis, market structure, and economic operations.
  • Discusses performance of transmission lines with associated parameters, determination of performance, and load flow analysis.
  • Reviews residual generation / load imbalance as handled by the automatic generation control (AGC).
  • Includes different advanced technologies like HTLS overhead conductor, XLPE Cable, vacuum / SF6 circuit breaker, solid state relays and others.
  • Explores practical aspects required for field level work like installation of cable network for power distribution purpose, types of earthing, and tariff mechanism.

This book aims at Graduate students, Researchers and Professionals in power engineering, load flow, and power systems protection.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction 
 1.1 Evolution of Electric Power System 
 1.2 Electric Power Generating System
 1.3 Thermal Power Plant 
 1.4 Hydro Power Plant  
 1.5 Nuclear Power Plant 
 1.6 Gas Turbine 
 1.7 Wind Power 
 1.8 Solar Energy 
 1.9       Distributed Power Generation 
 1.10     Energy Storage 
 1.11     Tariff

2. Transmission and Distribution System 
 2.1       Line Diagram 
 2.2       Per Unit representation 
 2.3      Calculation of fault level 
 2.4      Choice of voltage 
 2.5      Choice of frequency 
 2.6      Choice of conductor 
 2.7      Transmission and distribution topologies 
 2.8      Electrical grid 
 2.9      Review of three phase system 

3. Overhead Transmission Line Constants 
 3.1      Line resistance 
 3.2      Line inductance 
 3.3     Shunt parameter of transmission line

4. Corona and Sag 
 4.1     Corona 
 4.2     Sag 

5. Cable 
 5.1     Insulation resistance of cable 
 5.2     Capacitance of a single core cable 
 5.3     Dielectric stress of a single core cable 
 5.4     Most economical conductor size in a cable 
 5.5     Grading of cables 
 5.6     Power factor of a single core cable 
 5.7     Capacitance of a three core cable 

6. Characteristic and performance of transmission line 
 6.1     Transmission line  
 6.2     General Relations for the Analysis of a Transmission Line 
 6.3     Power Flow through a Transmission Line 
 6.4     Travelling wave equation of a transmission line 
 6.5     Characterization of a Long Lossless Line 
 6.6     Voltage and Current Characteristics of an SMIB System 
 6.7     Mid Point Voltage and Current of Loaded Lines 
 6.8     Power in a Lossless Line 
 6.9     Kelvins’ Law 
 6.10   Power factor 
 6.11   Compensation 

7. Insulators for overhead lines 
 7.1     Basics of Insulators for overhead lines 
 7.2     Materials of Insulators 
 7.3     Types of Insulators 
 7.4     Voltage distribution on Insulator String 
 7.5     String efficiency 

8. Over voltage and insulation requirement 
 8.1     Types of System Transients and some basic features 
 8.2     Switching an LR Circuit 
 8.3     Transients on a Transmission Line 
 8.4     Switching surge 
        8.5     Lightning surge 
 8.6     Lightning arrestor 
 8.7     Insulation coordination in power system 
 8.8     Bewely lattice diagram 

9. Electrical fault analysis 
 9.1     Fault 
 9.2     Short Circuit of a Synchronous Machine (On no load) 
 9.3     Short Circuit of a Synchronous Machine (On load) 
 9.4     Symmetrical components 
 9.5     Sequence impedance and sequence networks of power system
 9.6     Sequence Components and its effects 
 9.7     Unsymmetrical faults 
 9.8     Earthing 
 9.9     Reactors

10. Load flow analysis 
 10.1   Definition of Load Flow Study 
 10.2   Purpose of Load Flow Study 
 10.3   Types of Load Flow 
 10.4   Classification of Buses 
 10.5   Assumptions 
 10.6   Bus admittance matrix 
 10.7   Real and Reactive Power Injected in a Bus 
 10.8   Load Flow by Gauss-Seidel Method – Conventional Load Flow Analysis 
 10.9   Load Flow by Newton-Raphson Method - Conventional Load Flow Analysis  
 10.10  Fast – decoupled Load Flow 
 10.11  DC Load Flow 

11. Stability analysis 
 11.1    Requirement of Power System Stability 
 11.2    Power System Stability Problem 
 11.3    Swing Equation 
 11.4    Power angle 
 11.5    Steady State Stability or small signal stability 
 11.6    Transient Stability or Large signal stability 
 11.7    Equal area criterion 
 11.8    Multimachine stability 

12. Fuses and circuit breaker 
 12.1    Fuses  
 12.2    Switching Devices 
 
13. Power system protection 
 13.1    Why protection 
 13.2    Types of electromagnetic relay 
 13.3    Static relay 
 13.4    Digital relay 
 13.5    Distance relay 
 13.6    Differential relay 
 13.7    Overcurrent protection 
 13.8    Pilot protection 
 13.9    Transformer protection 
 13.10   Feeder protection   
 13.11   Alternator protection 
 13.12   Motor protection 
 13.13   Power swing blocking 
 13.14   Auto reclosing 

14. DC transmission 
 14.1    Evolution of DC Transmission System 
 14.2    Principle of HVDC Transmission System 
 14.3    Components of HVDC Transmission System 
 14.4    Types of HVDC Transmission System  

15. Electrical power distribution substation 
 15.1   Requirement of distribution substation 
 15.2   Location of distribution substation 
 15.3   Functions of substations 
 15.4   Types of substations 
 15.5   Substation components 
 15.6   Substation earthing 
 15.7   Types of bus Systems of substation 
 15.8   DC distributors 

16. Power system structure 
 16.1   Objective of Power system structuring 
 16.2   Concept of regulation and deregulation 
 16.3   Power systems in restructured environment 
 16.4   POOLCO Model 
 16.5   Concept of Distributed and Dispersed Generation 
 16.6   Environmental aspect of Electric Generation 

17. Economic operation of energy generating systems 
 17.1   Introduction to Economic Operation of Energy Generations systems 
 17.2   Economic operation of thermal system, its basic operation and structuring 
 17.3   Economic Schedule including limits on generator (neglecting losses) 
 17.4   Economic Dispatch Including Transmission Losses 
 17.5   Transmission Loss as a Function of Plant Generation 
 17.6   Basics of Plant Scheduling & Optimization Technique 
 17.7   Hydro-Thermal Scheduling 
 17.8   Scheduling of pumped storage plants and applications in power plants 
 17.9   Unit Commitment 
 17.10  Contingency Analysis  

18. Automatic Generation and Control 
 18.1   Introduction to Automatic Generation Control 
 18.2   Load frequency control (Single area case) 
 18.3   Load frequency control of two area systems 

19. Compensation in Power System 
 19.1   Concept of power, it’s classification, active and reactive power  
 19.2   Reactive power sensitivity and voltage control, Power requirement 
 19.3   Compensation 


 

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Author(s)

Biography

Dr. Amitava Sil, Chartered Engineer.

Obtained Bachelor of Engineering in Electrical from Bengal Engineering College (presently IIEST, Shibpore), Shibpore in 1984.Pursued integrated Ph. D in Electrical Engineering [Power System] from Jadavpur University, Kolkata in Electrical Engineering and obtained the degree in 2012. The area of work includes power system dynamics, electrical machine and modern electrical control systems. Completed Training course approved by the Directorate General of Shipping, Ministry of Surface Transport, Govt. of India and meets the requirements laid down under STC’95 Convention and Meta Manual Volume – II for Trainers & Assessors at Sensea Maritime Academy in the year 2011.

Associated with Department of Electrical & Electronics Engg., at National Institute of Technology Management &Science (formerly ITME) as Head of the Department. Associated with Department of Electrical Engineering, at Academy of Technology as Associate Professor and later as Principal. Attended the workshop MISSION 10X of Wipro that empowers the teachers from engineering colleges to teach various subjects in an inspiring way and emphasizes on learning for better career and fulfilling life experience as a team along with improvement of interpersonal communication and listening skills. Spent over one and half decade in high profile medium voltage electrical equipment manufacturing industry used predominantly by the power sector, held key portfolios and travelled a lot and adopted necessary Techno-Managerial skill. Associated with Industrial & Management Consultancy House and experienced macro studies of industrial sectoral activities including Snap Technology Status Assessment Study of wide range of Industries. Attended various workshops and seminars for career building and self-development with improvement of interpersonal skill and communication.

Dr Saikat Maity, Professor & HOD.

Dr Saikat Maity is associated as a Professor & Head of Computer Science & Engineering Department of JIS University from June 2019 with a total of 20 years of work experience. He has obtained B. TECH in Computer Science and Engineering from Kalyani University and doe M. TECH in Computer Science and Engineering from Calcutta University. He pursued Ph. D in Computer Science and Engineering from Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Howrah, 2018. My main area of experience has been best practices on Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence. He is working primarily in the domain of networking and multimedia Soft computing & Image Processing technologies. His managerial forte is to act as a Coordinator of AICTE & UGC and NBA accreditation and Brand Ambassador of IIC and Incubation Centre establishment for self-financed Universities along with Industry Academia program initiation. He is also designated as Tech Head of maintaining PARAM SHAVAK, A Supercomputer from CDAC to work with Onama, CHReME and Ganglia. He is also the board member of Academic Council, JIS University. Dr Maity is in charge of Digital Learning through Web Medium through Myperfectice and Zoom along with Cisco Webex and Audio Visual Head. He is also CCNA professional and also Fellow IE, Senior Member IEEE, Senior Member IEEE Systems Man and Cybernetics Society, Life Member of ISTE, CSI, ICS, Member ACM.