Inequality and Nutritional Transition in Economic History
Spain in the 19th-21st Centuries
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Food consumption and nutrition are historically among the most characteristic features of inequality in living standards driven by socio-economic, gender, generational and geographical reasons. Nutrition directly impacts mortality, life expectancy, height and illness, and thus becomes a good indicator of living standards and their evolution over time. However, one issue that remains unresolved is how to measure past diet inequalities with the available sources.
This book evaluates nutritional inequalities in Spain from the 19th century to the present day. It explores the socio-economic, gender, generational and geographical variations in food consumption and nutrition in Spain during this period. Deriving historical data on nutrition and diet has always been difficult due to issues with available sources. This book adopts a multi-dimensional approach and two complementary methodologies capable of presenting a more comprehensive picture: the first analyses diets based on primary sources, while the second examine the effect of nutritional inequalities on biological living standards, with special emphasis on average height. This combination allows for greater precision than previous studies on the impacts of food inequality.
This book will be of significant interest to scholars from different academic branches, especially historians, economic historians and historians of science, economists, and also doctors, endocrinologists, paediatricians, anthropologists, nutritionists and expert in cooperation and development.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Inequality and Nutritional Transition in Economic History: Spain in the 19th-21st Centuries. Francisco J. Medina-Albaladejo, José Miguel Martínez-Carrión and Salvador Calatayud.
Chapter 1. Diet and social inequality at the beginning of the nutritional transition in Mediterranean Spain, 1822-1936. Francisco J. Medina-Albaladejo, Salvador Calatayud, Roser Nicolau-Nos, Josep Pujol-Andreu.
Chapter 2. The rural-urban gap in nutritional status during the first phases of modern economic growth in Spain, 1836-1936. Javier Puche, Josep-Maria Ramon-Muñoz, Pedro M. Pérez-Castroviejo, José Miguel Martínez-Carrión.
Chapter 3. The nutritional status of the Spanish population, 1860-2020: An approach to gender and generational differences. Xavier Cussó Segura, Gonzalo Gamboa, Josep Pujol-Andreu.
Chapter 4. Poor but tall. The height premium in the Canary Islands at the beginning of nutritional transition. José Miguel Martínez-Carrión, Begoña Candela-Martínez, Cándido Román-Cervantes, Ginés Díaz-Carmona.
Chapter 5. Secular trends in height in Madrid (cohorts 1915-1953). An approach to urban stratification and SEPE factors differences in Spain during the 20th century. Elena Sánchez-García, Barry Bogin, José Manuel Terán, José Miguel Martínez-Carrión, Carlos Varea.
Chapter 6. Food and nutrition of the soldiers of the Spanish Armed Forces (1940-1972). Pedro Fatjó Gómez, Francisco Muñoz Pradas, Roser Nicolau-Nos.
Chapter 7. Malnutrition and regional inequalities in the context of a period of economic growth in Spain (1964-1972): rural food surveys. Josep Bernabeu-Mestre, María Eugenia Galiana-Sánchez, María Tormo-Santamaría, Eva María Trescastro-López.
Chapter 8. From massification to diversification: inequalities in the consumption of dairy products, meat and alcoholic drinks in Spain (1964-2018). Pablo Delgado, Vicente Pinilla.
Chapter 9. Inequality, health, and nutrition in Spain: a regional and sociodemographic view of the body mass index. Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo
Chapter 10. Inequalities in the patterns of the consumption of healthy food during the Great Recession of 2008. Cecilia Díaz Méndez, Isabel García Espejo
Francisco J. Medina-Albaladejo, Lecturer of Economic History at the Universidad de Valencia, Spain. José M. Martínez-Carrión, Professor of History and Economic Institutions at the University of Murcia, Spain. Salvador Calatayud, Associate Professor of Economic History at the University of Valencia, Spain.