At the outset of the twenty-first century, more than 9 million people are held in custody in over 200 countries around the world.
--from the essay "Prisons and Jails" by Ron King
The first comparative study of this increasingly integral social subject, International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice provides a comprehensive and balanced review of the philosophy and practicality of punishment. Drawn from the expertise of scholars and researchers from around the world, this book covers the theory, practice, history, and empirical evidence surrounding crime prevention, identification, retribution, and incarceration. It analyzes the efficacy of both traditional methods and thinking as well as novel concepts and approaches.
Beginning with a study of the changing attitude of penal practice in Florida from one of offender transformation to one of risk-management, imprisonment, surveillance, and control, this volume embarks on an objective and sober appraisal of every aspect of the field. Contributions consider the sociology of incarcerated prisoners including the increasing prevalence of prison suicides. The book evaluates arguments regarding the world-wide abolition of capitol punishment from moral, utilitarian, and practical positions. It examines non-incarcerative and alternative punishments such as financial restoration and restrictions of liberty, as well as the positive effects of Victim Offender Mediation. It also considers several methods aimed at achieving measurable crime prevention including identifying at-risk juveniles and minimizing crimes of opportunity, as well as the pros and cons of employing the coercive power of police.
Further essays consider subjects such as international policing, the roles of prosecution and defense attorneys, current discretionary sentencing practices, and the role and treatment of victims. The volume concludes with two chapters of case studies that provide a "hands-on" feel for the interplay of the concepts discussed.
Table of Contents
Punishment and Culture, T.G. Blomberg, W.D. Bales, and
Prisons and Jails, R.D. King
Suicide in Prisons and Jails, C. Tartaro and D. Lester
Hit 'Em Where It Hurts: Monetary and Nontraditional Punitive Sanctions, S. Van Slyke, G.P. Waldo, and W. Bales
The Death Penalty: The Movement towards Worldwide Abolition, R. Hood
Probation, Parole, and Community Corrections: An International Perspective, L.F. Travis and V. Simpson Beck
Crime Prevention, S.P. Lab
Situational Crime Prevention, M. Felson
Early Developmental Crime Prevention, D.P. Farrington and B.C. Welsh
Deterrence and Deterrence Experiences: Preventing Crime through the Threat of Punishment, Per-O.H. Wikström
Retribution and Retaliation, J. Pratt
Reparation, Compensation, and Restitution: Our Best Explanations, C.F. Abel
The Police, J.A. Schafer and C. Bartollas
What Can Police Do to Reduce Crime, Disorder, and Fear?, D. Weisburd and J.E. Eck
When States Do Not Extradite: Gaps in the Global Web of Formal Social Control, W.F. McDonald
A Comparative Look at the Roles and Functions of the Prosecution and Defense in Western Trial Systems, W.T. Pizzi
Sentencing Structure and Reform in Common Law Jurisdictions, J.V. Roberts and E. Baker
Victims and Victimization, K. Pease
Restorative Justice: An Alternative for Responding to Crime?, L. Walgrave
The Practice of Victim Offender Mediation: A Look at the Evidence, M.S. Umbreit, R.B. Coates, and B. Vos
Lenient Justice? Punishing White-Collar and Corporate Crime, H.N. Pontell, S.M. Rosoff, and A. Peterson
The Third Wave: American Sex Offender Policies since the 1990s, J. Simon and C. Leon