Human judgements underlie all assessments regarding the quality of students’ understandings, and such judgements are conceptually complex and elusive. The study of the complexity of the judgement process is in its infancy but clearly warrants further critical investigation. However, what is demonstrated from the wide variety of international teacher judgement practices presented in this volume is that teacher judgement requires a lot more than a set of standards, criteria and annotated examples. Understandings of assessment theory by pre-service teachers through to more experienced teachers, and opportunities for all to critically reflect and consider their judgements of student work, are vital. Teachers are struggling to maintain their interpretive freedom at the local, professional level in contexts where central policies promote standardisation or ‘regulation’ of judgement practice, for accountability purposes.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Assessment in Education: principles, policy & practice.
1. Investigating the complexity of judgement practice Val Klenowski
2. Assuring academic achievement standards: from moderation to calibration D. Royce Sadler
3. Teachers’ professional judgement in assessment: a cognitive act and a socially situated practice Linda Allal
4. Explicit, latent and meta-criteria: types of criteria at play in professional judgement practice Claire Wyatt-Smith and Val Klenowski
5. ‘Exactly what do you mean by consistency?’ Exploring concepts of consistency and standards in Curriculum for Excellence in Scotland E. Louise Hayward and Carolyn Hutchinson
6. The use of teacher judgement for summative assessment in the USA Susan M. Brookhart
7. The development of teacher assessment identity through participation in online moderation Lenore Adie
8. Establishing a foundation for valid teacher judgement on student learning: the role of pre-service assessment education Christopher DeLuca, Teresa Chavez and Chunhua Cao
9. Criteria, comparison and past experiences: how do teachers make judgements when marking coursework? Victoria Crisp