Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry: A Problem-Solving Approach, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry

A Problem-Solving Approach, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Manas Chanda

CRC Press

770 pages | 240 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2013-01-11
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Description

Industry and academia remain fascinated with the diverse properties and applications of polymers. However, most introductory books on this enormous and important field do not stress practical problem solving or include recent advances, which are critical for the modern polymer scientist-to-be. Updating the popular first edition of "the polymer book for the new millennium," Introduction to Polymer Science and Chemistry: A Problem-Solving Approach, Second Edition seamlessly integrates exploration of the fundamentals of polymer science and polymer chemistry.

See What’s New in the Second Edition:

  • Chapter on living/controlled radical polymerization, using a unique problem-solving approach
  • Chapter on polymer synthesis by "click" chemistry, using a unique problem-solving approach
  • Relevant and practical work-out problems and case studies
  • Examples of novel methods of synthesis of complex polymer molecules by exciting new techniques
  • Figures and schematics of the novel synthetic pathways described in the new examples

Author Manas Chanda takes an innovative problem-solving approach in which the text presents worked-out problems or questions with answers at every step of the development of a new theory or concept, ensuring a better grasp of the subject and scope for self study. Containing 286 text-embedded solved problems and 277 end-of-chapter home-study problems (fully answered separately in a Solutions Manual), the book provides a comprehensive understanding of the subject. These features and more set this book apart from other currently available polymer chemistry texts.

Reviews

Professor Chanda’s book provides comprehensive coverage of polymer science, with emphasis on quantitative aspects. Worked problems illustrate important concepts and provide the path toward solution in a clear manner. Traditional chain and step growth are covered along with the latest polymerization methods, including ATRP, RAFT, and other polymerization methods.

—Kenneth J. Wynne, Virginia Commonwealth University

Table of Contents

Introductory Concepts

Basic Definitions

Polymerization and Functionality

Polymerization Processes

Molecular Architecture

Classification of Polymers

Plastics, Fibers, and Elastomers

Polymer Nomenclature

References

Exercises

Chain Dimensions, Structures, and Transitional Phenomena

Introduction

PolymerChains: Structures and Dimensions

Constitutional and Configurational Isomerism

Crystallinity in Polymers

Thermal Transitions in Polymers

Regions of Viscoelastic Behavior

Factors Affecting Tg

Factors Affecting Tm

Relation Between Tm and Tg

Theoretical Treatment of Glass Transition

Chain Movements in Amorphous State

Thermodynamics of Rubber Elasticity

References

Exercises

Polymers in Solution

Introduction

Phase Equilibria in Poor Solvents

Solubility Behavior of Polymers

Swelling of Crosslinked Polymers

Frictional Properties of Polymer Molecules in Dilute Solution

References

Exercises

Polymer Molecular Weights

Introduction

Molecular Weight Averages

Molecular Weights in Terms of Moments

Molecular Weight Determination

References

Exercises

Condensation (Step-Growth) Polymerization

Introduction

Rates of Polycondensation Reactions

Number-Average Degree of Polymerization

Control of Molecular Weight

Molecular Weight Distribution (MWD)

Nonlinear Step Polymerization

Recursive Approach for Average Properties

Polycondensation of AxB Monomers

References

Exercises

Free Radical Polymerization

Introduction

Scheme of Radical Chain Polymerization

Experimental Determination of Rp : Dilatometry

Methods of Initiation

Dead-End Polymerization

Determination of Absolute Rate Constants

Chain Length and Degree of Polymerization

Chain Transfer

Deviations from Ideal Kinetics

Inhibition/Retardation of Polymerization

Effects of Temperature

Molecular Weight Distribution

Polymerization Processes

Living Radical Polymerization

References

Exercises

Chain Copolymerization

Introduction

Binary Copolymer Composition – Terminal Model

Multicomponent Copolymerization: Terpolymerization

Deviations from Terminal Model

Copolymerization and Crosslinking

Block and Graft Copolymerization

Reference

Exercises

Ionic Chain Polymerization

Introduction

Ionic Polymerizability of Monomers

Anionic Polymerization

Anionic Copolymerization

Cationic Polymerization

References

Exercises

Coordination Addition Polymerization

Introduction

Ziegler-Natta Catalysts

Mechanism of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization

Kinetics of Ziegler-Natta Polymerization

Supported Metal Oxide Catalysts

Ziegler-Natta Copolymerization

Metallocene-Based Ziegler-Natta Catalysts

Immobilized Metallocene Catalysts

Oscillating Metallocene Catalysts

References

Exercises

Ring-Opening Polymerization

Introduction

Polymerization Mechanism and Kinetics

References

Exercises

Living/Controlled Radical Polymerization

Introduction

Stable Free Radical Polymerization

Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP)

Degenerative Chain Transfer

Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer

References

Exercises

Polymer Synthesis by Click Chemistry

Introduction

Copper-Catalyzed Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition

Strain-Promoted Azide-Alkyne Coupling

Diels-Alder Click Reactions

Thiol-Ene Reactions

References

Exercises

Appendix A Conversion of Units

Appendix B Fundamental Constants

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC055000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Textiles & Polymers