Key Thinkers in Individual Differences introduces the life, work and thought of 25 of the most influential figures who have shaped and developed the measurement of intelligence and personality. Expanding on from a résumé of academic events, this book makes sense of these psychologists by bringing together not only their ideas but the social experiences, loves and losses that moulded them.
By adapting a chronological approach, Forsythe presents the history and context behind these thinkers, ranging from the buffoonery and sheer genius of Charles Galton, the theatre of Hans Eysenck and John Phillipe Rushton, to the much-maligned and overlooked work of women such as Isabel Myers, Katherine Briggs and Karen Horney. Exploring all through a phenomenological lens, the background, interconnections, controversies and conversations of these thinkers are uncovered.
This informative guide is essential reading to anyone who studies, works in or is simply captivated by the field of individual differences, personality and intelligence. An invaluable resource for all students of individual differences and the history of psychology.
Table of Contents
- Francis Galton (1822-1911)
- Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
- Alfred Binet (1857-1911)
- Charles Edward Spearman (1863-1945)
- Goddard, Henry Herbert (1866-1957)
- Alfred Alder (1870-1937)
- Jung, Carl Gustav (1875-1961)
- Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922)
- Karen Horney (1885-1952)
- Henry Alexander Murray (1893-1988)
- David Wechsler (1896-1981)
- Katherine Cook-Briggs & Isabel Myers-Briggs
- John Carlyle Raven June (1902-1970)
- Hathaway, Starke Rosecrans (1903–1984)
- Raymond Bernard Cattell (1905-1998)
- George Alexander Kelly (1905-1967)
- Hans Jurgen Eysenck (1916-1997)
- Arthur Jensen (1923-2012)
- Walter Mischel (1930-2018)
- Lewis Robert Goldberg (1932-)
- Howard Gardner (1943–)
- John Philippe Rushton (1943-2012)
- Peter Francis Saville (1946-)
- Daniel Goleman (1946)
"I can most highly recommend the Gestapo to everyone"
‘The intelligence factor’
"As luck would have it"
‘We cannot change anything unless we accept it’
‘Faces staring back at us’
‘Revealing the personal narrative’
‘Factorial analysis alone is not the answer’
‘The indicator’ Myers-Briggs (1897-1980)
‘The Minnesota Normals’
Psychology: "describing things which everyone knows in language which no one understands"
A multi-dimensional man
The truth as he sees it
A King among Men
Oh, what a lovely war
The Big-5, OCEAN and the language of personality
"One of a kind"
The incendiary device
‘Global Gold Standard’
Alex Forsythe is Head of Certification for the Association for Business Psychology, Honorary Senior Lecturer at the University of Liverpool and Head of Psychology at the University of Wolverhampton. Among her various accomplishments, she is a Chartered Occupational Psychologist, BPS Specialist in test use, and in 2018 was awarded both Principal Fellowship of the Higher Education Academy and the prestigious National Teaching Fellowship. With extensive organisational experience working at senior levels in the private, public and voluntary sectors, Alex’s specialisms include improving work performance through goal setting and by helping individuals develop healthy self-regulatory behaviours and relationships with feedback.
"This book lifts the curtain to explore the backgrounds and personal lives of some influential psychologists in the fields of personality, intelligence and their measurement. This brief book helps us understand how and why their backgrounds and private lives may have influenced their theories--and the controversies which frequently erupted. The book is engagingly written with a wry, light touch, such as describing Eysenck’s 'physics envy'. It provides fascinating background to some influential theories and will appeal to both specialists and non-specialists." - Colin Cooper, School of Psychology, Queen’s University, Belfast.