Knowledge and Identity
Concepts and Applications in Bernstein's Sociology
What in the digital era is knowledge? Who has knowledge and whose knowledge has value?
Postmodernism has introduced a relativist flavour into educational research such that big questions about the purposes of education have tended to be eclipsed by minutiae. Changes in economic and financial markets induce a sense that we are also experiencing an intellectual credit crunch. Societies can no longer afford to think about the role of education merely in relation to national markets and national citizenry. There is growing recognition that, once again, we need big thinking using big theoretical ideas in working on local problems of employability, sustainability and citizenship.
Drawing on aspects of Bernstein’s work that have attracted an international following for many years, the international contributors to this book raise questions about knowledge production and subjectivity in times dominated by market forces, privatisation and new forms of state regulation. The book is divided into three sections:
- Part one extends Bernstein’s sociology of knowledge by revitalizing fundamental questions, such as: what is knowledge, how is it produced and what are its functions within education and society in late modernity? It demonstrates that big theory, like big science, provides immense resources for thinking ourselves out of crisis because, in contradistinction to micro theory, we are able to contemplate global transformations in ways which otherwise would remain unthinkable.
- Part two considers the new, hybrid forms of knowledge that are emerging in the gap opened up between economic markets and academic institutions across a range of countries. Bernstein said in the 1970s that schools cannot compensate for society but we might now ask: can universities compensate for the economy?
- Part three adds new conceptual tools to the understanding of subjectivity within Bernstein's sociology of knowledge and elaborates conceptual developments about pedagogic regulation, consciousness and embodiment.
This book will appeal to sociologists, educationists and higher educators internationally and to students on sociology of education, curriculum and policy studies courses.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. From Monasteries to Markets Gabrielle Ivinson Part I: Knowledge and Knowers in Late Modernity 2. Knowledge Building Karl Maton 3. Social Life in Disciplines Johan Muller 4. Knowledge Theory and Practice Daniel Frandji and Philippe Vitale Part II: Shifting Cargo 5. Changing Knowledge in Higher Education Antigone Sarakinioti, Anna Tsatsaroni and George Stamelos 6. Teachers' Conceptions of Knowledge and Pedagogical Practices in Higher Education Guðrún Geirsdóttir 7. Curriculum Development Processes in a Journalism and Media Studies Department Jo-Anne Vorster 8. Vocational Qualifications and Access to Knowledge Leesa Wheelahan Part III: Multiply Anchored Subjectivities 9. 'Psychic Defenses' and Institutionalised Formations of Knowledge Claudia Lapping 10. Positioning the Regulative Order Jeanee Gamble and Ursula Hoadley 11. Berstein, Body Pedagogies and the Corporeal Device John Evans, Brian Davies and Emma Rich
Gabrielle Ivinson is Senior Lecturer, University of Cardiff, UK.
Brian Davies is Emeritus Professor, University of Cardiff, UK.
John Fitz is Emeritus Professor, University of Cardiff, UK.