1st Edition

Kosher and Halal Business Compliance

By John Lever, Johan Fischer Copyright 2019
    108 Pages
    by Routledge

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    Kosher is a Hebrew term meaning ‘fit’ or ‘proper’ and halal is an Arabic word that literally means ‘permissible’ or ‘lawful’. Within the last two decades or so, kosher and halal markets have become global in scope and states, manufacturers, restaurants, shops, certifiers and consumers around the world are faced with ever stricter and more complex requirements – most clearly exemplified by Muslim and Jewish groups’ call for kosher and halal certification by third party certification bodies. During this period hundreds of kosher and halal certifiers have emerged around the world, and while thousands of manufacturers, restaurants and shops have been certified, the majority have not.

    Kosher and halal requirements are comparable, but there are also many differences and the book discusses how these similarities and differences affect production, trade and regulation around the world. The authors research demonstrates that there is a need to address kosher and halal markets simultaneously and answers the question "what characterizes global kosher and halal markets and how can businesses comply with the rising demands and requirements that have emerged?"

    This is the only book of its kind and it will appeal to manufacturing companies, restaurants and shops that already are or want to be kosher/halal certified. The book can also be assigned in a variety of upper-level undergraduate courses and graduate seminars in business studies, management and marketing. Moreover, the book will be of interest to readers in the natural sciences (for example, food scientists) and outside academia, that is, to state as well as non-state kosher/halal certification bodies, policy makers, interest groups and consultants. Kosher and Halal Business Compliance is accessible in style, global in scope and based on decades of research.

    Jewish and Arabic Terms , Part one, 1. Introduction, 2. What is kosher and halal? 3. Similarities and differences between kosher and halal, Part two, 4. Certification, inspections and logos, 5. Standards, 6. Kosher and halal certification, 7. Government, 8. Consumers, Part three, 9. Meat and poultry production, 10. Biotech production, 11. Dairy, 12. Bread and Bakery, 13. Fruit and Vegetables, 14. Shops, 1. Restaurants, 16. The food service industry and public institutions, 17. Training, 18. Science, 19. Conclusions, Index.


    Johan Fischer is Associate Professor in the Department of Social Sciences and Business, Roskilde University, Denmark. His work focuses on modern religion and markets in global perspective. More specifically, Johan explores the interfaces between class, consumption, market relations, religion and the state in a globalized world.

    John Lever is Senior Lecturer at the University of Huddersfield. His work on the food industry focusses on kosher and halal meat markets, farm animal welfare and sustainability. He also conducts consultancy in the international halal market.

    "Kosher and Halal certification is becoming increasingly important in both food industry and other types of companies. But even though it can be difficult to navigate in this blend of religion, science and business, no actual guidebook has existed until now. Kosher and Halal Business Compliance fills this gap and gives a good introduction to this fascinating world." - Jes Knudsen, Global Kosher/Halal coordinator, Novozymes, Denmark

    "At last, a text that simply explains how to achieve a religious standard without the mystery and magic that often surrounds these things. Like anyone in the food industry, I am keen for ideas on how to meet customer standards and promote understanding with all concerned." - Steven Maloney, Kitchen Range Foods