1st Edition

Labour-Intensive Industrialization in Global History

Edited By Gareth Austin, Kaoru Sugihara Copyright 2013
    328 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    328 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The prevailing view of industrialization has focussed on technology, capital, entrepreneurship and the institutions that enabled them to be deployed. Labour was often equated with other factors of production, and assigned a relatively passive role. Yet it was labour absorption and the improvement of the quality of labour over the course of several centuries that underscored the timing, pace and quality of global industrialization. While science and technology developed in the West and whereas the use of fossil fuels, especially coal and oil, were vital to this process, the more recent history has been underpinned by the development of comparatively resource- and energy-saving technology, without which the diffusion of industrialization would not have been possible. The labour-intensive, resource-saving path, which emerged in East Asia under the influence of Western technology and institutions, and is diffusing across the world, suggests the most realistic route humans could take for a further diffusion of industrialization, which might respond to the rising expectations of living standards without catastrophic environmental degradation.

    1 Introduction 2 Labour-intensive industrialization in global history: an interpretation of East Asian experiences 3 The industrious revolutions in East and West 4 Proto-industrialization and labour-intensive industrialization: reflections on Smithian growth and the role of skill intensity 5 Labour-intensity and industrializaton in colonial India 6 Labour-intensive industrialization in the rural Yangzi Delta: late imperial patterns and their modern fates 7 From peasant economy to urban agglomeration: the transformation of ‘labour-intensive industrialization’ in modern Japan 8 Government promotion of labour-intensive industrialization in Indonesia, 1930–1975 9 Labour intensity and manufacturing in West Africa, c.1450–c.2000 10 ‘Colonial’ industry and ‘modern’ manufacturing: opportunities for labour-intensive growth in Latin America c.1800–1940s 11 Labour-intensive industrialization: the case of nineteenth-century Alsace 12 Labour-intensive industrialization and global economic development: reflections


    Gareth Austin is Professor of African and Comparative Economic History and Chair, Department of International History at The Graduate Institute Geneva, Switzerland

    Kaoru Sugihara is Professor of Economic History at Kyoto University, Japan

    "This volume presents an exciting set of economic explanations of global industrial development that fit the historical evidence far better than standard Anglo- or Euro-centric accounts." - Jeff Horn, Department of History, Manhatten College, in EH.Net

    "This collection of high-quality essays will interest a wide cross-section of economic historians and economists. The book offers a perspective on long-term industrial and economic development which is almost breath-taking in its range and simplicity... No longer confined to conference papers and sometimes rather obscure journals, the central ideas contained in this collection will doubtless lead to a great deal of interest and further research." - Porphant Ouyyanont, School of Economics, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, Journal of Contemporary Asia

    "All in all this edited volume is a successful attempt to bring authorities in economic history in dialogue and discuss and assess use and limitations of LII as a perspective." - M. Erdem Kabadayi, Istanbul Bilgi University

    "This book can be expected to lead academic interchanges between economists and historians in order to consider potentia between economists and historians in order to consider potential development on a global scale...they contributed to opening discussions about the possibility to utilize the local point of view into the comparative histories that the discipline of Global History has promoted for 20 years." - Atsuko Munemura, Kansai University

    "…this carefully compiled collection not only demonstrates clearly that development paths have diverged considerably in the past, and that successful paths may be based on very different combinations of elements, but also that there are many total or partial failures, while turning points within individual paths have often resulted from non-economic causes." - Marcel van der Linden, International Institute of Social History