Landfill Bioreactor Design & Operation: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Landfill Bioreactor Design & Operation

1st Edition

By Debra R. Reinhart, Timothy G. Townsend

CRC Press

208 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781566702591
pub: 1997-09-23
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780203749555
pub: 2018-12-19
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Using biotechnology to help control landfill processes can mitigate costs, shorten the time needed to process solid waste, and ease the typical ecological damage to the land being used. This first-of-its-kind book provides regulators, designers, landfill owners, and operators with information that supports the utility of landfill bioreactors and provides design and operating criteria essential for the successful application of this technology. It pulls together laboratory, pilot, and full-scale experiences into one concise guide to designing and running municipal landfills as bioreactors.

Landfill Bioreactor Design and Operation covers the history and background of landfill technology, research studies of actual bioreactor landfills, expected leachate and gas yields, specific design criteria, operation guidelines, and reuse of landfill sites to avoid having to establish new sites. For anyone looking for an alternative to large, wasteful landfill sites, this book provides a practical alternative to the problem.

Table of Contents


Scope and Objectives

The Evolution of Landfills for Waste Management

Landfills as Bioreactors

Regulatory Status

Organization of the Book

Modern Landfill Fundamentals


Overview of Modern Sanitary Landfills

Landfill Containment Systems

Collection and Control of Leachate

Leachate Collection and Storage

Leachate and Gas Management at MSW Landfills

Landfill Operation Strategies

Landfill Bioreactor Studies

Laboratory Scale Studies

Pilot-Scale Bioreactor Studies

Full-Scale Landfill Bioreactor Studies


Full-Scale Experiences with Bioreactor Landfills - Case Studies


Southwest Landfill, Alachua County, Florida

Central Facility Landfill, Worcester County, Maryland

Winfield Landfill, Columbia County, Florida

Pecan Row Landfill, Lowndes County, Georgia

Lower Mount Washington Valley Secure Landfill, Conway, New Hamshire

Coastal Regional Solid Waste Management Authority Landfill, Craven County, North Carolina

Lemons Landfill, Stoddard County, Missouri

Mill Seat Landfill, Monroe County, New York

Yolo County Landfill, California

Additional Full-Scale Efforts

The Hydrodynamics of Leachate Recirculating Landfills


Leachate Generation

Moisture Movement

Unsaturated Leachate Flow

Mathematical Modeling of Leachate Recirculation

Leachate Recirculation Field Testing

The Impact of Leachate Recirculation of Leachate and Gas Characteristics


Leachate Characteristics of Recirculating Landfills

Leachate Treatment Implications

Leachate Quantities

Gas Production

Landfill Bioreactor Design


Liner/Leachate Collection System

Leachate Storage

Leachate Reintroduction Systems

Leachate Recirculation System Design

Final and Intermediate Caps

Gas Collection

Cell Construction

Construction Costs


Landfill Bioreactor Operation


Waste Characterization

Oxidation Reduction Conditions

Moisture Content

Recirculation Strategies

Effects of Waste Placement Rate

Use of Old Cells

Bioreactor Augmentation

Daily and Intermediate Covers



When is the Waste Stable?

Materials Recovery and Reuse from Bioreactor Landfills


Landfill Treatment and Reclamation Strategies

Mass Balance Design for Landfill Reclamation

Methods of Landfill Reclamation

Previous Experience with Landfill Reclamation

Use of Reclaimed Materials

Future Directions for Bioreactor Landfills



Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science