Major Soil Groups of the World : Ecology, Genesis, Properties and Classification book cover
1st Edition

Major Soil Groups of the World
Ecology, Genesis, Properties and Classification

ISBN 9781578087839
Published September 20, 2012 by CRC Press
478 Pages 189 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

This profusely illustrated book gives an exhaustive account of the principal types of soils of our planet. The "progressive descent of weathering fronts" model, recognized and used by eminent international scientists is the guiding principle of choice to link the observations and to give the reader a synthetic and coherent view of the differentiation of soils. In each case, the introductory reminders summarize the physicochemical and mineralogical principles necessary for understanding the text. The nomenclatures rely systematically and simultaneously on the two most commonly used classifications: Soil Taxonomy and World Reference Base. This reference manual is aimed at students of the undergraduate and graduate courses, but is also intended for workers and scientists in this subject area (geologists, pedologists, agronomists, land-use planners, foresters, etc.) as well as for all those concerned with or interested in protection of the environment.

Table of Contents

Definitions, Concepts and Tools
Basic Concepts
Methods for Study of Pedogenesis
Dating and Tracing
Factors of Pedogenesis
Time and Age of Soils
Geomorphology and Surface Formations
Vegetation and Humus
Soil Fauna and Microorganisms
Progressive Descent of Weathering Fronts, other Pedogenetic Mechanisms and Spatial Organization of Soils
Vertical Differentiation of Soils
Mechanisms of Evolution of Soils
Mineralogical Evolution of Clays
Attempt at Modelling
Organization of Soils at all Scales
Classifications: International WRB and U.S. Soil Taxonomy
Historical Review
World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB)
The American Classification
Ferralsols and other Soils of the Hot Regions
Typical Profile and Differentiation
Duration of Pedogenesis
Ecology and Classification
Evolution of Ferrallitic Environments
Land Use
Typical Profile and Differentiation
Ecology and Typology
Evolution/Degradation of Vertisols
Return to the Weathering-front Model
Utilization of Vertisols
Calcisols and other Soils on Carbonate-Bearing and Sulphate-Bearing Materials
Distribution of Calcareous and Ca-saturated Soils
Decarbonatation Phenomena
Accumulation Phenomena
Typology and Classification
Utilization of Calcareous Soils
Cambisols, Luvisols and Planosols
Fundamental Mechanisms of Development
Development of the Profiles
Typology and Classification
Ecology and Duration of Pedogenesis
Conservation and Utilization
Red Soils of the Mediterranean and Dry Tropical Zones
Soil Sequences in the Rhône Valley
Ecology of the Red Soils
Classification and Typology
Utilization of the Soils
Principal Features and Ecology
The ‘Amorphous Materials’ in Andosols
Genesis of Andosols
Properties of Andosols
Typology and Classification
Protection and Utilization
Podzolic Soils
Morphology and Properties of Podzolic Soils
Genesis of Podzols
Typology and Classification
Utilization of Podzolic Soils
Gleysols, Stagnosols and Histosols
Oxidation-reduction Phenomena
Dynamics of Iron in Presence of Excess Water
Evolution of Organic Matter when Excess Water is present
Gleysols and Stagnosols
Marshes and Peatlands
Mangrove Swamps
Rice Paddies
Saline Soils: Solonchaks and Solonetz
Expression of Salinity
Origin of Soil Salinity
Properties of Saline Soils
Dynamics of Salts
Evolution and Typology of Saline Soils
Elements of Land Reclamation
Appendix: Brief Glossary for Saline Soils
Chernozems; General Conclusions
The Chernozem

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"Profusely illustrated throughout with photos and diagrams, [the book] is exhaustively comprehensive, informed, informative, superbly organized and a model of seminal scholarship making it ideal as a curriculum textbook and highly recommended for professional academic library Agricultural Science and Environmental Studies reference collections and supplemental reading lists."
—Midwest Book Review

"This is the English language edition of the I.e.r Grand.r Solr Du Mrmde (2007), tanslated by V. A. K. Sharma. There are four chapters on general topics, and one each on 10 globally important soil types. This book is useful to Anglophone readers because the strong French emphasis introduces unfamiliar studies and fresh concepts. It is a highly personal, almost valedictory, exposition. It organizes a great deal of material in a logical way and the text is generally succinct and clear. "
—Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 2013