Metaphysical Dualism, Subjective Idealism, and Existential Loneliness Matter and Mind
Since the ages of the Old Testament, the Homeric myths, the tragedies of Sophocles and the ensuing theological speculations of the Christian millennium, the theme of loneliness has dominated and haunted the Western world. In this wide-ranging book, philosopher Ben Lazare Mijuskovic returns us to our rich philosophical past on the nature of consciousness, lived experience, and the pining for a meaningful existence that contemporary social science has displaced in its tendency toward material reduction.
Engaging key metaphysical discussions on causality, space, time, subjectivity, the mind body problem, personal identity, freedom, religion, and transcendence in ancient, scholastic, modern, and contemporary philosophy, he highlights the phenomenology of loneliness that lies at the very core of being human. In challenging psychoanalytic and neuroscientific paradigms, Mijuskovic argues that isolative existence and self-consciousness is not so much of a problem of unconscious conflict or the need for psychopharmacology as it is the loss of a sense of personal intimacy.
The issue of the criteria of "personal identity" in relation to loneliness has long engaged and consumed the interest of theologians, ethicists, philosophers, novelists and psychologists. This book will be of great interest to academics and students of the humanities, and all those with an interest in the philosophy of loneliness.
Introduction 01. The Achilles of Rationalist Arguments: The Simplicity, Unity, and Identity of Thought and Soul from the Cambridge Platonists to Kant: A Study in the History of an Argument 02. Consciousness, Spontaneity, and Synthetic A Priori Relations 03. Kant and Schopenhauer on Reality 04. Kant and Hegel on the Quality-Quantity Distinction 05. The Science of Determinism and the Consciousness of Freedom 06. Descartes’s Bridge to the External World: The Piece of Wax 07. Locke and Leibniz on Personal Identity 08. Shaftesbury and Hume on Personal Identity 09. Hume on Space (and Time) 10. Kant’s Two Premises in the Transcendental Deductions 11. Brentano’s Theory of Intentionality 12. The Materialism of Science and the Philosophy of Consciousness 13. Loneliness: An Interdisciplinary Approach 14. Loneliness and the Dynamics of Narcissism 15. The Limits of Self-Knowledge 16. The Dynamics of Intimacy and Empathy