South Asia is the theatre of myriad experimentations with nationalisms of various kinds - religious, linguistic, religio-linguistic, composite, plural and exclusivist. In all the region’s major states, officially promulgated nationalism at various times has been fiercely contested by minority groups intent on preserving what they see as the pristine purity of their own cultural inheritance.
This volume examines the perspective of minority identities as they negotiate their terms of co-existence, accommodation and adaptation with several other competing identities within the framework of the ‘nation state’ in South Asia. It examines three different kinds of minority articulations – cultural conclaves with real or fictitious attachments to an imaginary homeland, the identity problems of dispersed minorities with no territorial claims and the aspirations of indigenous communities, tribes or ethnicities.
The essays in this volume offer a rich menu: the evolution of Naga nationalism, the construction of the territory-less Sylheti identity, the debates over Pashtun nationalism in Pakistan, the evolution of Muslim nationalism in Sri Lanka, the politics of religious minorities in Bangladesh and Pakistan, the making of minority politics in India, and questions of Islam and nationalism in colonial India. It is an eclectic mix for students of nationalism, politics, modern history and anyone interested in the evolution of South Asia.
This book was published as a special issue of South Asian History and Culture.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Minorities and their nationalism(s): the terms of a discourse in South Asia Tanweer Fazal 2. Expanding imaginations: theory and praxis of Naga nation making in post colonial India Sajal Nag 3. The multiple self: interfaces between Pashtun nationalism and religious conflict on the frontier Rubina Saigol 4. ‘We are with culture but without geography’: locating Sylheti identity in contemporary India Nabanipa Bhattacharjee 5. Minority rights and the nationalist doctrine in India: contestation and coalescence in the public sphere Tanweer Fazal 6. ‘We can leave neither’: Mohamed Ali, Islam and Nationalism in colonial India M. Raisur Rahman 7. Contours of Muslim nationalism in Sri Lanka Zarin Ahmad 8. Amidst the winds of change: the Hindu minority in Bangladesh Meghna Guhathakurta 9. Pakistan’s policies and practices towards the religious minorities Tariq Rahman
Tanweer Fazal is Lecturer at the Nelson Mandela Centre for Peace and Conflict Resolution, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.