Molecules That Amaze Us: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Molecules That Amaze Us

1st Edition

By Paul May, Simon Cotton

CRC Press

742 pages | 654 Color Illus.

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Paperback: 9781466589605
pub: 2014-10-23
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pub: 2017-09-11
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Description

"This new book is by two knowledgeable and expert popularizers of chemistry and deals exclusively with molecules and compounds rather than with the simpler atoms and elements. It is based on the very successful ‘Molecule of the Month’ website that was begun by Paul May fifteen years ago and to which his co-author Simon Cotton has been a frequent contributor. … The authors … strike an excellent balance between introducing the novice to the world of molecules while also keeping the expert chemist interested. … I highly recommend this book to all readers. It will vastly expand your knowledge and horizons of chemistry and the human ingenuity that surrounds it."

—From the Foreword by Dr. Eric Scerri,UCLA, Los Angeles, website: www.ericscerri.com, Author of ‘The Periodic Table, Its Story and Its Significance’ and several other books on the elements and the periodic table.

The world is composed of molecules. Some are synthetic while many others are products of nature. Molecules That Amaze Us presents the stories behind many of the most famous and infamous molecules that make up our modern world. Examples include the molecule responsible for the spicy heat in chilies (capsaicin), the world’s first synthetic painkiller (aspirin), the pigment responsible for the color of autumn leaves (carotene), the explosive in dynamite (nitroglycerine), the antimalarial drug (quinine), the drug known as "speed" (methamphetamine), and many others.

Other molecules discussed include caffeine, adrenaline, cholesterol, cocaine, digitalis, dopamine, glucose, insulin, methane, nicotine, oxytocin, penicillin, carbon dioxide, limonene, and testosterone. In all, the book includes 67 sections, each describing a different molecule, what it does, how it is made, and why it is so interesting.

Written by experts in the field, the book is accessible and easy to read. It includes amusing anecdotes, historical curiosities, and entertaining facts about each molecule, thereby balancing educational content with entertainment. The book is heavily illustrated with relevant photographs, images, and cartoons—the aim being both to educate and entertain.

Reviews

"This fascinating book presents intriguing facts about a huge range of compounds. … The information is provided in bite-sized chunks as the answers to questions. This makes it easy to read, as you don't have to start at the beginning. You can dip in wherever you like and you are sure to find something intriguing or (as the title says) amazing. … I will leave you to browse and discover all the nuggets of fascinating chemistry - you will be amazed."

Anne Hodgson, from Chemistry Review, February 2016

"… a wonderful and easy-to-read book that would be of interest to a wide audience, ranging from chemistry faculty to high school teachers to anyone who is simply interested in learning about a variety of molecules that have impacted the human condition. … The examples presented in this book provide a wealth of educational material that relate both molecules, and many of the principles of chemistry, to a wide variety of contextual situations of interest to the general public. … Each chapter’s information is presented through a storyline of multiple sections that are introduced with a question that is followed by an answer. … Not only do the authors use this Q&A style to chunk the material in an easily understood manner, but they are also able to use it to present the underlying concepts of complicated multifaceted topics in a neutral manner. In its entirety, Molecules That Amaze Us is a trove of facts and exemplars for a wide variety of chemicals that could be useful to many members of the JCE readership. … The Q&A format with extensive use of images allows the novice to follow the material without getting bogged down in the details. … I think educators would also find the Q&A format of this book to have some advantages over the more traditional encyclopedia-style format of presenting information, in that they can navigate the material based on the questions, and not statements of facts. That is, getting students to think is more than stating some basic facts, and with this book, you can quickly choose a chemical, browse through a bunch of questions, and potentially find concepts that would interest your students."

Robert E. Belford, Department of Chemistry, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, USA, from Journal of Chemical Education, January 25, 2016

"Molecules are everywhere, both inside us and out, but they are more than just common. The ones you will find in Molecules that Amaze Us are incredible. The stories behind many molecules in this book can provide teachers with dozens of fantastic examples on a multitude of topics—or just catch students’ attention—in chemistry and biology lessons. Molecules that Amaze Us is an engaging book that provides a balanced mix of entertainment and education."

—Jose Viosca, in Science and School

"In 67 chapters, the authors describe more than that many chemicals, arranged in alphabetical order from ATP to water (the most amazing chemical of all). Even experienced chemists will find much new information here. Recommended for all readers, high school age and up."

R. E. Buntrock, formerly University of Maine, in CHOICE

"The authors strike a good mix in their use of historical content and pop culture references, using famous names to illustrate the compounds’ origin and history. For chemistry-savvy readers…the book is an enjoyable, easy-to-digest collection of fascinating molecules to dip in and out of."

Katrina Krämer, in Education in Chemistry

"This is truly a wonderful book… Molecules that amaze us is a treasure trove of chemistry that can be read by anyone.

May and Cotton write in an easy style and with humour, and while I knew a lot about the molecules within its pages, for almost every one I came across pieces of information, which had me saying ‘I didn’t know that’. Save up and buy yourself a copy."

John Emsley, in Popular Science, April 2016.

Table of Contents

Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)

Adrenaline/Epinephrine (Noradrenaline/Norepinephrine)

Ammonium Nitrate

Artemisinin

Aspirin

Caffeine

Capsaicin

Carbon Dioxide

β-Carotene

Chlorophyll

Cholesterol

Cisplatin

Cocaine

DEET

CF2Cl2

DDT

Digitalis

Dimethylmercury

Dimethylsulfide

Dopamine

Epibatidine

Estradiol

Glucose

Glycerol

Heavy Water

Heme

Hexenal

Hydrogen Peroxide

Insulin

Kisspeptin

Lauric Acid

Limonene

Linoleic Acid

LSD

Medroxyprogesterone Acetate

Methamphetamine

Methane

2-Methylundecanal

Monosodium Glutamate

Morphine, Codeine and Heroin

Nandrolone

Nicotine

Nitrous Oxide

1-Octen-3-ol

Oxygen (and Ozone)

Oxytocin

Paracetamol (Acetaminophen)

Penicillins

Prostanoic Acid and Prostaglandins

Psilocybin and Mescaline

Quinine

Sodium Hypochlorite

Serotonin

Skatole

Sucrose

‘Sweaty’ Acid, (E)-3-Methyl-2-Hexenoic Acid

Taxol (Paclitaxel)

Testosterone

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Tetrahydrogestrinone (THG)

Tetrodotoxin

Thujone

Trimethylamine

TNT

Vancomycin

VX

Water

Bibliography

Index

About the Authors

Paul May is a professor of physical chemistry at the University of Bristol, where he obtained his PhD. He leads a research group that studies the fabrication of thin films of artificial diamond. He has been awarded both a Ramsay Memorial Fellowship and a Royal Society University Fellowship. He also received the RSC Higher Education teaching award for innovative use of IT in chemistry teaching. He has written nearly 200 scientific articles and currently maintains the Molecule of the Month website.

Simon Cotton is an honorary senior lecturer in the School of Chemistry at the University of Birmingham, UK. Dr. Cotton obtained his BSc and PhD at Imperial College London. His research focuses on the chemistry of transition metals, particularly iron and cobalt, as well as scandium and the lanthanides. Dr. Cotton has published various peer-reviewed articles and five books on the chemistry of the d- and f-block elements. He has written a column titled "Soundbite Molecules" for the magazine Education in Chemistry, and dozens of "Chemistry in its Element" podcasts for the RSC’s Chemistry World website. In 2005 he shared the Royal Society of Chemistry Schools Education Award. His book Every Molecule Tells a Story is also published by CRC Press.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013030
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Inorganic
SCI013040
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Organic