1st Edition

Moral Education Theory and Application

Edited By M. W. Berkowitz, F. Oser Copyright 1985

    First published in 1985. Kohlberg and his colleagues claimed that all one need do in moral education is change the stage or structure of an individual's moral reasoning, and changes in moral behavior, ego and personality style would occur. As moral education entered the 1980s, many important problems remained. The question of the legitimacy of the highest stage is still being considered. The problem of the relationship between judgment and action is receiving much attention and reformulation as well. The role of affect in moral functioning has been sorely overlooked until very recently. A further issue is the implication of the particular realm of one's life (family, school, peer group, workplace, church) for the form and effectiveness of moral education. Finally, how can self-acknowledged moral transgressions in typical individuals be incorporated into the theory? This volume reflects these problems.

    PART I: THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES AND PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS 1. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Moral Education 2. The Just Community Approach to Moral Education in Theory and Practice 3. Autonomy and Universalization as Moral Principles: A Dispute with Kohlberg, Utilitarianism and Discourse Ethics 4. The Process of Moral Decision-Making: Normative and Empirical Conditions of Participation in Moral Discourse PART II: APPLICATIONS AND INTERVENTIONS A. THE FAMILY 5. Parents as Moral Educators 6. Moral Development and Personal Reliability: The Impact of the Family on Two Aspects of Moral Consciousness in Adolescence 7. The Role of Affective Processes in Moral Judgment Performance B.THE SCHOOL8. The Role of Discussion in Moral Education 9. Democratic Moral Education in the Large Public High School C. THE WORKPLACE AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING 10. Work Climate and Socio-Moral Development in Two Worker-Owned Companies 11. But it Does Move: The Difficulty of Gradual Change in Moral Development 12. Classical Ethics and Live Patient Simulations in the Moral Education of Health Care Professionals 13. Stage, Phase, and Style: The Developmental Dynamics of the Self 14. Moral Reasoning in the Assessment and Outcome of Suicidal Breakdown 15. The Adolescent as Interpersonal Negotiator: Three Portraits of Social Development PART III: CRITIQUES AND REVISIONS 16. Moral Intervention: A Skeptical Note 17. Limited Morality: A Concept and its Educational Implications 18. The Postconventional Level of Moral Development: Psychology of Philosophy? 19. The Moral Personality: Reflections for Social Science and Education


    Marvin W. Berkowitz Marquette University, Fritz Oser University of Fribourg