1st Edition

Multilateralism in Peril The Uneasy Triangle of the US, China and the EU

    296 Pages
    by Routledge

    296 Pages
    by Routledge

    This collaborative work brings together international lawyers and political scientists to explore whether and how the retreat of the US, and the simultaneous rise of China, affect the dynamics of multilateralism to which the EU claims to adhere. It focuses on the trilateral interaction between these three actors and the policy impact their interactions have in specific multilateral settings and examines cooperation, competition and confrontation of these three actors in key international organizations such as the WTO, UNESCO, Human Rights Council and UNCLOS, NATO, the ASEAN Regional Forum and the World Health Organization in times of Covid-19. It also addresses their approaches and attitudes toward international humanitarian norms and the peace process in the Middle-East.

    This book offers an insightful exploration of the future of multilateralism under the impact of the Trump administration and probes the future of the liberal international order. It will provide excellent reading material on current affairs for both graduate and undergraduate students in international law and international relations, in particular for courses relating to international organization, multilateralism, or the US, China and the EU in international affairs. For experienced researchers the book proposes in-depth studies that relate to major debates in the disciplines of international law and international relations.

    Introduction Frank Gaenssmantel, Francesco Giumelli and Chien-Huei Wu
    Part 1: Global multilateralism: the UN, its specialized agencies and related regimes
    1.Cultural Heritage as the New Standard of Civilization? Engagement with UNESCO from Rejection to Aggressive Embrace and the Perpetuation of Empire Lucas Lixinski
    2.The United States, China and the European Union at the UN Human Rights Council: Trilateral Dynamics over International Human Rights Norms, Institutions and Politics Yu-Jie Chen
    3.Pandemic Shifts? Covid-19 and the Geopolitics of Disease Nadine Voelkner
    4.The Five Permanent Members of the UN Security Council and Multilateral Humanitarian Legal Regimes Zhu Lijiang
    5. Multilateralism in the Law of the Sea and Its Implications for the South China Sea Chen-Ju Chen
    Part 2: Multilateral Structures for Economic, Social and Environmental Cooperation
    6.Apocalypse Now: The WTO Dispute Settlement System in the Times of Trump Lukasz Gruszczynski
    7.The Multilateral Trade and Monetary System at Peril: Can China Replace the US at the IMF? Saliha Metinsoy 8.International Labour Standards (ILS) as a Sine Qua Non of Bilateral and Multilateral Governance of International Trade: Increasing Potential for Conflict? Herman Voogsgeerd
    9. A New Page for EU-China Energy Relations? The Impact of Trump’s Withdrawal from the Paris Agreement on Cooperation and Competition in Energy Transition Yaroslava Marusyk
    Part 3: Multilateralism and Regional Security
    10.All Dressed Up with Nowhere to Go: THe ASEAN Regional Forum, Major Power Disinterest and the Limits of Multilateral Security Cooperation in East Asia Ja Ian Chong
    11.Sticking to the Big Brother: An Analysis of the EU’s Response to Revitalised US-NorthKorea Relations Francesco Giumelli
    12. Failing Forward: US Withdrawal and the Increasing Role of the EU and China vis-à-vis the Iran Nuclear Deal Agha Bayramov & Mustafa Ali Sezal
    13.The Middle East Peace Process – Changing US Policies and EU and Chinese Involvement Mor Sobol
    Conclusion Frank Gaenssmantel, Francesco Giumelli and Chien-Huei Wu


    Chien-Huei Wu is a Research Professor, Institute of European and American Studies (IEAS), Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. He received his PhD in Laws in European University Institute in Florence in 2009. He now coordinates of US-Taiwan-China research group in the IEAS and his research interests cover EU external relations, US-China economic competition, and international economic law. He has been a visiting fellow at Georgetown University, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C. and Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public and International Law, Heidelberg. He recently published Law and Politics on Export Restrictions: WTO and Beyond (CUP 2021). He spoke before the European Parliament on the future of EU-Taiwan trade relations in 2019.

    Frank Gaenssmantel is Assistant Professor at the Department of International Relations and International Organisation at the University of Groningen since 2010. He previously held a position as Research Fellow at the Centre for Advanced Studies on Contemporary China (Centro di Alti Studi sulla Cina Contemporanea, CASCC) in Turin and taught at the School of Advanced International and Area Studies at East China Normal University in Shanghai. His research interests include European and Chinese foreign policies, China-EU relations, foreign policy analysis, and international trade relations. He received his PhD from the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence.

    Francesco Giumelli is Associate Professor in the Department of International Relations and International Organization at the University of Groningen. He was previously Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute and Fellow at the Kroc Institute of Notre Dame University. He is the author of The Success of Sanctions: Lessons Learned from the EU Experience (Routledge, 2013) and Coercing, Constraining and Signalling: Explaining UN and EU Sanctions After the Cold War (ECPR Press, 2011). He published on sanctions, private military, and security companies in the Journal of Common Market Studies, International Affairs, International Relations and International Peacekeeping. Beyond his work on sanctions, Francesco studies issues concerning the role of private actors in security and illicit trade.