1st Edition

Multimedia Communications and Networking

By Mário Marques da Silva Copyright 2012
    506 Pages 308 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The result of decades of research and international project experience, Multimedia Communications and Networking provides authoritative insight into recent developments in multimedia, digital communications, and networking services and technologies. Supplying you with the required foundation in these areas, it illustrates the means that will allow for improved digital communications and networks.

    The book starts with a review of the fundamental concepts, requirements, and constraints in networks and telecommunications. It describes channel disturbances that can hinder system performance—including noise, attenuation, distortion, and interferences—and provides transmission techniques for mitigating these limitations. Analyzing both cable and wireless transmission mediums, the book describes the network protocol architecture concept and includes coverage of twisted pairs, coaxial and optical fiber cables, wireless propagation, satellite communications, and terrestrial microwave systems. Facilitating the understanding required to participate in the development of current and next generation networks and services, this comprehensive reference:

    • Examines the range of network interconnections and WAN/MAN technologies, including synchronous optical networks (SONET), synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), and third and next generation cellular systems (3G and 4G)
    • Describes local area network (LAN) theory and technology, including data link layers and virtual LANs
    • Explores network and transport layers, such as addressing, routing protocols, and IPv4 and IPv6 algorithms
    • Covers TCP/IP services and applications
    • Investigates different authentication and cryptographic systems, including digital signature, SSL, TLS, IPSEC, and public key infrastructure

    Walking you through the planning, design, and development of multimedia, telecommunications, and networking systems, the book provides a quick and easy way to develop and refine the skills required in the field. It clearly explains the principles and corresponding techniques you need to know to implement network security. The many examples and end-of-chapter questions also make it suitable for undergraduate and graduate-level computer science and electrical engineering courses.

    An Introduction to Multimedia Communications and Networking
    Fundamentals of Communications
         Analog and Digital Signals 
         Modulator and Demodulator 
         Transmission Mediums 
         Synchronous and Asynchronous Communication Systems 
         Simplex and Duplex Communications 
         Communications and Networks 
         Switching Modes 
              Circuit Switching
              Packet Switching 
         Connection Modes 
              Connection Oriented 
         Network Coverage Areas 
              Network Topologies 
              Classification of Media and Traffic
    Present and Future of Telecommunications 
         The Convergence 
         Collaborative Era of the Network Applications
         Transition Toward the Collaborative Era
    End of Chapter Questions

    Network Protocol Architectures
    Introduction to Protocol Architecture Concept
    Open System Interconnection–Reference Model 
         The Seven Layer Open System Interconnection–Reference Model 
              Physical Layer
              Data Link Layer 
              Network Layer 
              Transport Layer 
              Session Layer
              Presentation Layer 
              Application Layer 
         The Service Access Point
    An Overview of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Architecture 
         Application Layer 
         Transport Layer 
         Network Layer 
         Data Link Layer 
         Physical Layer
    End of Chapter Questions

    Channel Impairments
    Shannon Capacity
    Noise Sources
         Atmospheric Noise 
         Man-Made Noise 
         Extraterrestrial Noise 
         Thermal Noise 
         Electronic Noise
    The Influence of the Transmission Channel 
         Delay and Phase Shift
    Interference Sources
         Intersymbol Interference 
              Nyquist Intersymbol Interference Criterion 
         Multiple Access Interference 
         Co-Channel Interference 
         Adjacent Channel Interference
    End of Chapter Questions

    Cable Transmission Mediums
    Twisted Pairs 
         Types of Protection 
    Coaxial Cables 
    Optical Fibers 
    End of Chapter Questions

    Wireless Transmission Mediums
    Wireless Propagation 
         Direct Wave Propagation 
              Free Space Path Loss 
              Link Budget Calculations 
              Carrier-to-Noise Ratio Calculations 
         Wireless Propagation Effects
              Shadowing Fading 
              Multipath Fading 
         Groundwave Propagation 
         Ionospheric Propagation
    Satellite Communication Systems 
         Physical Analysis of Satellite Orbits
          Characteristics of Different Orbits 
              Geostationary Earth Orbit 
              Medium and Low Earth Orbit 
              Highly Elliptical Orbit 
         Satellite’s Link Budget Analysis 
    Terrestrial Microwave Systems
    End of Chapter Questions

    Source Coding and Transmission Techniques
    Source Coding 
              Analog Audio 
              Digital Audio 
              Analog Video 
              Digital Video
    Line Coding 
         Return to Zero 
         Non-Return to Zero 
         Non-Return to Zero Inverted
         Bipolar Alternate Mark Inversion 
         Differential Manchester 
         Two Binary One Quaternary
    Modulation Schemes 
         Amplitude Shift Keying 
         Frequency Shift Keying 
         Phase Shift Keying 
         Multilevel Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Constellations
    Coding Efficiency of a Symbol
    Scrambling of Signals 
         Frequency Division Multiplexing 
         Time Division Multiplexing
    End of Chapter Questions

    Advanced Transmission Techniques to Support Current and Emergent Multimedia Services
    Advances in Wireless Systems and Their Technical Demands
    Spread Spectrum Communications
    Code Division Multiple Access 
         General Model 
         Narrowband CDMA 
         Wideband CDMA
    Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
    Single Carrier–Frequency Domain Equalization 
         Iterative Block-Decision Feedback Equalizer Receivers
    Diversity Combining Algorithms 
         Selection Combining 
         Maximal Ratio Combining 
         Equal Gain Combining 
         MSE-Based Combining 
    RAKE Receiver
    Multiple Input Multiple Output 
         Space-Time Block Coding 
         Open/Closed-Loop Techniques for Flat Fading 
              Open-Loop Techniques 
              Closed-Loop Techniques 
         Multilayer Transmission 
              System Description of the V-BLAST Scheme Applied to WCDMA Signals 
         Space Division Multiple Access 
    Multiresolution Transmission Schemes 
         Hierarchical QAM Constellations 
         Multihop Relays
    End of Chapter Questions

    Cellular Communications
    Cellular Concept 
         Power Control
    Evolution of Cellular Systems 
    Long-Term Evolution
    Fourth Generation of Cellular Communications
    End of Chapter Questions

    Transport Networks
    Circuit-Switching Transport Networks 
         FDM Hierarchy
         Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy 
         Synchronous Digital Hierarchies 
              SDH/SONET Network 
              SDH/SONET Frame Format 
         Digital Subscriber Line 
         Data over Cable Service Interface Specification
    Packet-Switching Transport Networks 
         Asynchronous Transfer Mode 
              The B-ISDN Reference Model 
              ATM Network 
              ATM Cell Format 
         Multiprotocol Label Switching 
              The MPLS Network 
              MPLS Packet Format
    End of Chapter Questions

    Data Link Layer
    LAN Devices 
         The Hub 
         The Bridge 
         The Switch 
         Spanning Tree Protocol
    Logical Link Control SubLayer
          Error Control Techniques
              Hamming Distance
              Error Detection Codes
              Error Correction Codes
         Automatic Repeat Request
              Stop and Wait Automatic Repeat Request 
              Go Back N Automatic Repeat Request
              Selective Reject Automatic Repeat Request 
         Flow Control Techniques 
              Stop and Wait 
              Sliding Window
    Link and Network Control Protocols
    Logical Link Control Protocols 
         High Level Data Link Control Protocol 
         Point-to-Point Protocol 
         IEEE 802.2 Protocol
    Medium Access Control Sublayer
    Medium Access Control Protocols 
          IEEE 802.3 Protocol 
              Maximum Collision Domain Diameter 
              Physical Layer Used in IEEE 802.3 Networks 
              IEEE 802.5 Protocol 
              Fiber Distribution Data Interface Protocol 
              IEEE 802.11 Protocol
              Digital Video Broadcast Standard
    Virtual Local Area Networks
    End of Chapter Questions

    Network Layer
    Internet Protocol Version 4 
         Internet Protocol Version 4 Classfull Addressing 
         Internet Protocol Version 4 Classless Addressing 
         Network and Port Address Translation
         Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol 
         Internet Protocol Version 4 Datagram
    Internet Protocol Version 6
         Internet Protocol Version 6 Addressing 
         Internet Protocol Version 6 Packet
         Routing Algorithms and Protocols 
              Distance Vector Protocols 
              Link State Protocols 
              Dijkstra’s Algorithm 
              Administrative and Metric Distances 
         Internet Control Message Protocol 
         Fragmentation and Reassembling
    Cisco Internetwork Operating System 
         Introduction to Cisco Internetwork Operating System 
         Basic Configuration of Routers and Switches
              Configuration Mode
              Line Configuration Submode 
              Interface Configuration Submode 
         Network Configuration in Routers 
              Static Route Configuration 
              Routing Information Protocol Configuration 
              Open Shortest Path First Configuration 
         Configuration of Virtual Local Area Networks
    End of Chapter Questions

    Transport Layer
    Transmission Control Protocol
    User Datagram Protocol
     Integrated and Differentiated Service 
         Integrated Services 
         Differentiated Services
    End of Chapter Questions

    Services and Applications
    Web Browsing 
         Hypertext Transfer Protocol
    Electronic Mail 
         Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
    File Transfer 
         File Transfer Protocol
    Internet Protocol Telephony and Internet Protocol Videoteleconference
         Session Initiation Protocol
    Network Management 
         Simple Network Management Protocol
    Names Resolution 
         Domain Name Server
    End of Chapter Questions

    Network Security
    Overview of Network Security
    Security Services 
              Denial of Service 
              Replay Attack
         Access Control 
    Risk Management
    Protective Measures 
         Symmetric Cryptography
              Symmetric Cryptographic Systems 
         Asymmetric Cryptography
         Digital Signature 
         Digital Certificates 
         Public Key Infrastructure 
         Hybrid Cryptography 
              Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security 
              Security Architecture for IP 
    Network Architectures
    Virtual Private Networks
    End of Chapter Questions

    Annex A
    Annex B
    Annex C


    Mario Marques da Silva is a professor at Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa (CESITI) and at Escola Naval Portuguesa (CINAV). He is a researcher at the Portuguese Instituto de Telecomunicações. He received his BSc in electrical engineering in 1992 and MSc and PhD degrees in telecommunications/electrical engineering, respectively, in 1999 and 2005, both from the Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Between 2005 and 2008, he was with NATO Air Command Control & Management Agency (NACMA) in Brussels (Belgium), where he managed the deployable communications of the new Air Command and Control System Program. He has been involved in several telecommunications projects, either as a researcher or as project leader, including involvement in activities such as research, architecture, development, analysis, simulation and testing of networking, HF, V/UHF, satellite and cellular/UMTS communications systems. His research interests include networking (e.g., TCP/IP, network security, mobile ad-hoc networking) and mobile communications, including block transmission techniques (OFDM, SC-FDE), WCDMA, multiuser detection, interference cancellation, space–time coding, MIMO systems, smart and adaptive antennas, channel estimation, and software-defined radio. He is the author of Transmission Techniques for Emergent Multicast and Broadcast Systems (CRC Press) and of several dozen journal and conference papers. Mario Marques da Silva is member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and a member of Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA), as well as a reviewer of many international scientific journals and conferences.