Multimedia Communications and Networking: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Multimedia Communications and Networking

1st Edition

By Mario Marques da Silva

CRC Press

506 pages | 308 B/W Illus.

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The result of decades of research and international project experience, Multimedia Communications and Networking provides authoritative insight into recent developments in multimedia, digital communications, and networking services and technologies. Supplying you with the required foundation in these areas, it illustrates the means that will allow for improved digital communications and networks.

The book starts with a review of the fundamental concepts, requirements, and constraints in networks and telecommunications. It describes channel disturbances that can hinder system performance—including noise, attenuation, distortion, and interferences—and provides transmission techniques for mitigating these limitations. Analyzing both cable and wireless transmission mediums, the book describes the network protocol architecture concept and includes coverage of twisted pairs, coaxial and optical fiber cables, wireless propagation, satellite communications, and terrestrial microwave systems. Facilitating the understanding required to participate in the development of current and next generation networks and services, this comprehensive reference:

  • Examines the range of network interconnections and WAN/MAN technologies, including synchronous optical networks (SONET), synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH), and third and next generation cellular systems (3G and 4G)
  • Describes local area network (LAN) theory and technology, including data link layers and virtual LANs
  • Explores network and transport layers, such as addressing, routing protocols, and IPv4 and IPv6 algorithms
  • Covers TCP/IP services and applications
  • Investigates different authentication and cryptographic systems, including digital signature, SSL, TLS, IPSEC, and public key infrastructure

Walking you through the planning, design, and development of multimedia, telecommunications, and networking systems, the book provides a quick and easy way to develop and refine the skills required in the field. It clearly explains the principles and corresponding techniques you need to know to implement network security. The many examples and end-of-chapter questions also make it suitable for undergraduate and graduate-level computer science and electrical engineering courses.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Multimedia Communications and Networking

Fundamentals of Communications

Analog and Digital Signals

Modulator and Demodulator

Transmission Mediums

Synchronous and Asynchronous Communication Systems

Simplex and Duplex Communications

Communications and Networks

Switching Modes

Circuit Switching

Packet Switching

Connection Modes

Connection Oriented


Network Coverage Areas

Network Topologies

Classification of Media and Traffic

Present and Future of Telecommunications

The Convergence

Collaborative Era of the Network Applications

Transition Toward the Collaborative Era


End of Chapter Questions

Network Protocol Architectures

Introduction to Protocol Architecture Concept

Open System Interconnection–Reference Model

The Seven Layer Open System Interconnection–Reference Model

Physical Layer

Data Link Layer

Network Layer

Transport Layer

Session Layer

Presentation Layer

Application Layer

The Service Access Point

An Overview of Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol Architecture

Application Layer

Transport Layer

Network Layer

Data Link Layer

Physical Layer


End of Chapter Questions

Channel Impairments

Shannon Capacity


Noise Sources

Atmospheric Noise

Man-Made Noise

Extraterrestrial Noise

Thermal Noise

Electronic Noise

The Influence of the Transmission Channel

Delay and Phase Shift



Interference Sources

Intersymbol Interference

Nyquist Intersymbol Interference Criterion

Multiple Access Interference

Co-Channel Interference

Adjacent Channel Interference


End of Chapter Questions

Cable Transmission Mediums

Twisted Pairs


Types of Protection


Coaxial Cables


Optical Fibers




End of Chapter Questions

Wireless Transmission Mediums

Wireless Propagation

Direct Wave Propagation

Free Space Path Loss

Link Budget Calculations

Carrier-to-Noise Ratio Calculations

Wireless Propagation Effects





Shadowing Fading

Multipath Fading

Groundwave Propagation

Ionospheric Propagation

Satellite Communication Systems

Physical Analysis of Satellite Orbits

Characteristics of Different Orbits

Geostationary Earth Orbit

Medium and Low Earth Orbit

Highly Elliptical Orbit

Satellite’s Link Budget Analysis

Terrestrial Microwave Systems


End of Chapter Questions

Source Coding and Transmission Techniques

Source Coding


Analog Audio

Digital Audio


Analog Video

Digital Video

Line Coding

Return to Zero

Non-Return to Zero

Non-Return to Zero Inverted

Bipolar Alternate Mark Inversion



Differential Manchester

Two Binary One Quaternary

Modulation Schemes

Amplitude Shift Keying

Frequency Shift Keying

Phase Shift Keying

Multilevel Quadrature Amplitude Modulation Constellations

Coding Efficiency of a Symbol

Scrambling of Signals


Frequency Division Multiplexing

Time Division Multiplexing


End of Chapter Questions

Advanced Transmission Techniques to Support Current and Emergent Multimedia Services

Advances in Wireless Systems and Their Technical Demands

Spread Spectrum Communications

Code Division Multiple Access

General Model

Narrowband CDMA

Wideband CDMA

Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing

Single Carrier–Frequency Domain Equalization

Iterative Block-Decision Feedback Equalizer Receivers

Diversity Combining Algorithms

Selection Combining

Maximal Ratio Combining

Equal Gain Combining

MSE-Based Combining

RAKE Receiver

Multiple Input Multiple Output

Space-Time Block Coding

Open/Closed-Loop Techniques for Flat Fading

Open-Loop Techniques

Closed-Loop Techniques

Multilayer Transmission

System Description of the V-BLAST Scheme Applied to WCDMA Signals

Space Division Multiple Access


Multiresolution Transmission Schemes

Hierarchical QAM Constellations


Multihop Relays


End of Chapter Questions

Cellular Communications

Cellular Concept





Power Control

Evolution of Cellular Systems


Long-Term Evolution


Fourth Generation of Cellular Communications


End of Chapter Questions

Transport Networks

Circuit-Switching Transport Networks

FDM Hierarchy

Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

Synchronous Digital Hierarchies


SDH/SONET Frame Format

Digital Subscriber Line

Data over Cable Service Interface Specification

Packet-Switching Transport Networks

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

The B-ISDN Reference Model

ATM Network

ATM Cell Format

Multiprotocol Label Switching

The MPLS Network

MPLS Packet Format


End of Chapter Questions

Data Link Layer

LAN Devices

The Hub

The Bridge

The Switch

Spanning Tree Protocol

Logical Link Control SubLayer

Error Control Techniques

Hamming Distance

Error Detection Codes

Error Correction Codes

Automatic Repeat Request

Stop and Wait Automatic Repeat Request

Go Back N Automatic Repeat Request

Selective Reject Automatic Repeat Request

Flow Control Techniques

Stop and Wait

Sliding Window

Link and Network Control Protocols

Logical Link Control Protocols

High Level Data Link Control Protocol

Point-to-Point Protocol

IEEE 802.2 Protocol

Medium Access Control Sublayer

Medium Access Control Protocols

IEEE 802.3 Protocol

Maximum Collision Domain Diameter

Physical Layer Used in IEEE 802.3 Networks

IEEE 802.5 Protocol

Fiber Distribution Data Interface Protocol

IEEE 802.11 Protocol

Digital Video Broadcast Standard

Virtual Local Area Networks


End of Chapter Questions

Network Layer

Internet Protocol Version 4

Internet Protocol Version 4 Classfull Addressing

Internet Protocol Version 4 Classless Addressing

Network and Port Address Translation

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

Internet Protocol Version 4 Datagram

Internet Protocol Version 6

Internet Protocol Version 6 Addressing

Internet Protocol Version 6 Packet


Routing Algorithms and Protocols

Distance Vector Protocols

Link State Protocols

Dijkstra’s Algorithm

Administrative and Metric Distances

Internet Control Message Protocol

Fragmentation and Reassembling

Cisco Internetwork Operating System

Introduction to Cisco Internetwork Operating System

Basic Configuration of Routers and Switches

Configuration Mode

Line Configuration Submode

Interface Configuration Submode

Network Configuration in Routers

Static Route Configuration

Routing Information Protocol Configuration

Open Shortest Path First Configuration

Configuration of Virtual Local Area Networks


End of Chapter Questions

Transport Layer

Transmission Control Protocol

User Datagram Protocol

Integrated and Differentiated Service

Integrated Services

Differentiated Services


End of Chapter Questions

Services and Applications

Web Browsing

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

Electronic Mail

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

File Transfer

File Transfer Protocol

Internet Protocol Telephony and Internet Protocol Videoteleconference


Session Initiation Protocol

Network Management

Simple Network Management Protocol

Names Resolution

Domain Name Server


End of Chapter Questions

Network Security

Overview of Network Security

Security Services








Denial of Service


Replay Attack





Access Control




Risk Management

Protective Measures

Symmetric Cryptography

Symmetric Cryptographic Systems

Asymmetric Cryptography

Digital Signature

Digital Certificates

Public Key Infrastructure

Hybrid Cryptography

Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security

Security Architecture for IP

Network Architectures

Virtual Private Networks


End of Chapter Questions

Annex A

Annex B

Annex C


About the Author

Mario Marques da Silva is a professor at Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa (CESITI) and at Escola Naval Portuguesa (CINAV). He is a researcher at the Portuguese Instituto de Telecomunicações. He received his BSc in electrical engineering in 1992 and MSc and PhD degrees in telecommunications/electrical engineering, respectively, in 1999 and 2005, both from the Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Between 2005 and 2008, he was with NATO Air Command Control & Management Agency (NACMA) in Brussels (Belgium), where he managed the deployable communications of the new Air Command and Control System Program. He has been involved in several telecommunications projects, either as a researcher or as project leader, including involvement in activities such as research, architecture, development, analysis, simulation and testing of networking, HF, V/UHF, satellite and cellular/UMTS communications systems. His research interests include networking (e.g., TCP/IP, network security, mobile ad-hoc networking) and mobile communications, including block transmission techniques (OFDM, SC-FDE), WCDMA, multiuser detection, interference cancellation, space–time coding, MIMO systems, smart and adaptive antennas, channel estimation, and software-defined radio. He is the author of Transmission Techniques for Emergent Multicast and Broadcast Systems (CRC Press) and of several dozen journal and conference papers. Mario Marques da Silva is member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and a member of Armed Forces Communications and Electronics Association (AFCEA), as well as a reviewer of many international scientific journals and conferences.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Information Technology
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Telecommunications
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mobile & Wireless Communications