As the application of nanotechnology in the myriad disciplines of science and engineering--from agriculture, pharmaceuticals, material science, and biotechnology to sensors, electronics, and mechanical and electrical engineering--brings benefits it also can produce serious threats to human health and the environment that must be evaluated.
The unique properties of nanomaterials make them different from their bulk counterparts. In addition to such unique properties, the nanometric size of nanomaterials can invite some detrimental effects on the health and well-being of living organisms and the environment. Thus, it is important to distinguish nanomaterials with such ill effects from nanomaterials with no or minimum toxicity.
Nanotoxicology: Toxicity Evaluation, Risk Assessment and Management covers issues such as the basic principles of nanotoxicity, methods used for nanotoxicity evaluation, risk assessment and its management for nanomaterial toxicity with a focus on current trends, limitations, challenges, and future directions of nanotoxicity evaluation.
Various experts from different countries discuss these issues in detail in this book. This will be helpful to researchers, educators, and students who are interested in research opportunities for avoiding the environmental and health hazards of nanomaterials. This book will also be useful for industrial practitioners, policy makers, and other professionals in the fields of toxicology, medicine, pharmacology, food, drugs, and other regulatory sciences.
Introduction to Nanotoxicity: Historical Overview of Nanotechnology in Context to Nanotoxicity. Nanomaterials and Environment. Safety Aspects of Nanomaterials Used in Foods, Drugs, Cosmetics and Other Iindustries. Ethics in Nanotechnology and Society Perception. Factors Affecting Toxicity of Nanomaterials: Impact of Physiochemical Properties and Surface Chemistry of Nanomaterials on Toxicity. Effect of Route of Nanomaterial Exposure on Toxicity of Nanomaterials. Effect of Test Dose on the Nanomaterials Toxicity. Influence of Test Model Selection on Nanotoxicity Evaluation. Nanotoxicity to Environment and Living Organism: Interaction of Nanomaterials with Biological Matrices. Toxic Effect of Nanomaterials to Environment. Interaction of Nanomaterials with Animal Cell Lines: in vitro Studies. Nanotoxicity Evaluation Using Experimental Animals: in vivo Studies. Influence of Nanomaterials on Human Health. Toxic Effect of Nanomaterials to Plants and Beneficial Soil Bacteria. Methods of Nanotoxicity Evaluation: Methods for in vitro and in vivo Animal Nanotoxicity Evaluation. In vitro and in vivo Nanotoxicity Evaluation in Plants. Nanotoxicological Evaluation in Water and Marine Organisms. Pharmacokinetics Approach for Nanotoxicity Evaluation. Genomic Approach in Nanotoxicity Evaluation. In silico Methods for Nanotoxicity Evaluation. Sensors for Toxicity Evaluation of Nanomaterials. Regulatory Guidelines and Future Risk Assessment Strategies in Nanotoxicity: Guidelines and Protocols for Nanotoxicity Evaluation. Regulations for Safety Assessment of Nanomaterials. Minimizing Nanotoxicity with Green Chemistry. Improving Nanotoxicity Evaluation Via the Use of miRNA, siRNA and Stem Cell Studies. Challenges, Recommendations and Strategies for Nanotoxicity Evaluation and its Management.