New Media and International Development
Representation and affect in microfinance
New Media and International Development is the first in-depth examination of microfinance’s enduring popularity with Northern publics. Through a case study of Kiva.org, the world’s first person-to-person microlending website, and other microfinance organizations, the book argues that international development efforts have an affective dimension. This is fostered through narrative and visual representations, through the performance of development rituals and through bonds of fellowship between Northern donors and Southern recipients. These practices constitute people in the global North as everyday humanitarians and mobilize their affective investments, which are financial, social and emotional investments in distant others to alleviate their poverty. This book draws on ethnographic material from the US, India and Indonesia and the anthropological and development studies literature on humanitarianism, affect and the public faces of development. It opens up novel avenues of research into the formation of new development subjects in the global North.
This book will appeal to researchers and students of international development, anthropology, media studies and related fields, as well as practitioners and professionals in the field of international development
Table of Contents
Prologue Part 1: Foundations 1. Introducing New Media and International Development 2. A Brief History of Affective Engagements Part 2: Mediations 3. Virtual Stories 4. Representing Microfinance Part 3: Encounters 5. Microfinance Tourism 6. Affective Labor 7. Conclusion
Anke Schwittay is Senior Lecturer of Anthopology and International Development at the University of Sussex, UK.
"New Media and International Development offers a novel account of the ways that people in the Global North are moved to give their money and time to microfinance initiatives in the Global South. The book brings readers up-to-date with attempts to extend financial services to the world’s poor and focuses attention on the power of social media to produce feelings of humanitarian support for ‘distant others’. This book takes anthropology of development into new arenas and is set to become an important reference point in debates about poverty alleviation and entrepreneurship." –Jamie Cross, University of Edinburgh, UK
"Anke Schwittay's original and engaging study of digital micro-financing as a panacea to global poverty not only offers new insights into the relationship between technology, development and affect but also provides a succinct problematisation of the neo-liberal assumptions that drive development today. A valuable resource for all those concerned with the critical study of global governance." –Lilie Chouliaraki, London School of Economics, UK
"Speculation and sentiment, reality tours and self-reinvention: New Media and International Development captures the technologically-mediated labor of mustering and managing affective investments—emotional connections to the world’s poor—in the business of aid in the 21st century. Focusing on the financial and information apparatuses animating international development today, Schwittay shows that perhaps the most important contribution of new techniques of aid is to the emotional economy of the global North which, despite the obvious critiques, presents openings for political change."–Bill Maurer, University of California, Irvine, USA
"New Media and International Development takes us on a journey across the emotional, social, technical and financial landscapes of ‘everyday humanitarianism’. From photography competitions to person-to-person loans on Kiva.org and the growth of microfinance tourism, Schwittay offers a fresh and compelling analysis that moves anthropology and development studies in exciting new directions." –Heather A. Horst, RMIT University, Australia
"New Media and International Development provides a grounded and critical examination of the management of affect in North-South relations. Schwittay demonstrates how the branding of caring is most effective when the Western self is actually the product on offer." –Lisa Ann Richey, Roskilde University, Denmark
"This book brings together two sets of development questions usually considered separately: the affective investments in humanitarian and development aid and the latter’s use of visual representation and digital media. The author interweaves analysis of both to directly address young people’s investments in charitable giving, mediated through websites and tours." –Meena Khandelwal, University of Iowa, USA
"Increasing global interconnectivity facilitated by new media has spurred the fantasy that we can each individually alleviate global poverty and redress economic inequality one person at a time. Anke Schwittay explodes this myth by incisively revealing the neoliberal principles and practices that undergird this illusion. In so doing, New Media and International Development shows us that problems of global injustice are far more complex than can be resolved through the click of a mouse." –Daromir Rudnyckyj, University of Victoria, Canada
'How do people in the affluent global North come to care about - and more important - provide money and time to people far away in the poor global South? Schwittay (anthropology and international development, Univ. of Sussex, UK) follows the road less traveled by arguing that the everyday humanitarians of the North are an important development subject in their own right; with her approach, the author takes a truly novel tactic to studying international development by analyzing its affective dimension. Summing Up: Recommended' -R. S. Rycroft, University of Mary Washington, CHOICE April 2015
"Growing recognition in the social sciences of the centrality of emotion and affect for action has begun to inform new research directions in development studies. New Media and International Development: Representation and Affect in Microfinance makes an exciting contribution to this literature by examining the ways Northern publics are mobilised to make financial, social and emotional commitments to distant others in the Global South. The value of the book goes beyond this important intervention in understanding the affective dimensions of international aid, to also provide empirically grounded insights about new media, development subjectivities, and microfinance. In making connections across what are usually distinct topics of study, the book has a fresh and timely feel, examining emergent, and till now overlooked aspects of development and humanitarianism." - Tanya Jakimow, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia