Fuelled by social equity concerns, there have been vigorous debates on the appropriateness of certain non-state actors, particularly those with commercial and entrepreneurial motives, to meet universal education goals. There are further questions on the relative effectiveness of government and private schooling in delivering good learning outcomes for all.
Within this debate, several empirical questions abound. Do students from poorer backgrounds achieve as well in private schools as their advantaged peers? What are the relative out-of-pocket costs of accessing private schooling compared to government schooling? Is fee-paying non-state provision ‘affordable’ to the poorest households? What is the nature of the education market at different levels? What are the relationships between different non-state actors and the state, and how should they conduct themselves? The chapters in this volume present new empirical evidence and conduct critical analysis on some of these questions.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Oxford Review of Education.
Introduction. Non-state actors in education in the Global South Prachi Srivastava and Geoffrey Walford
1. Does private schooling narrow wealth inequalities in learning outcomes? Evidence from East Africa Benjamin Alcott and Pauline Rose
2. Is there a private schooling market in poor neighbourhoods in Maputo, Mozambique? Exploring the role of the non-state education sector Joanna Härmä
3. ‘Affordable’ private schools in South Africa. Affordable for whom? Sonia Languille
4. How are private school enrolment patterns changing across Indian districts with a growth in private school availability? Amita Chudgar and Benjamin Creed
5. The myth of free and barrier-free access: India’s Right to Education Act—private schooling costs and household experiences Prachi Srivastava and Claire Noronha
6. Extending access to low-cost private schools through vouchers: an alternative interpretation of a two-stage ‘School Choice’ experiment in India James Tooley
7. Non-state actors, and the advance of frontier higher education markets in the global south Susan L. Robertson and Janja Komljenovic
8. Towards a human rights framework to advance the debate on the role of private actors in education Sylvain Aubry and Delphine Dorsi