Orphan Crops for Sustainable Food and Nutrition Security discusses the issues, challenges, needs and opportunities related to the promotion of orphan crops, known also as neglected and underutilized species (NUS).
The book is structured into six parts, covering the following themes: introduction to NUS, approaches, methods and tools for the use enhancement of NUS, integrated conservation and use of minor millets, nutritional and food security roles of minor millets, stakeholders and global champions, and, building an enabling environment. Presenting a number of case studies at the regional and country levels, the chapters cover different but highly interlinked aspects along the value chains, from acquisition and characterization of genetic diversity, cultivation and harvesting to value addition, marketing, consumption and policy for mainstreaming. Cross-cutting issues like gender, capacity building and empowerment of vulnerable groups are also addressed by authors. Representatives from communities, research for development agencies and the private sector also share their reflections on the needs for the use enhancement of NUS from their own perspectives.
This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of food security, sustainable agriculture, nutrition and health and development, as well as practitioners and policymakers involved in building more resilient food and production systems.
Table of Contents
Preface and Acknowledgements
PART I – INTRODUCTION TO NUS
1. NUS: What they are and why the world needs them
Stefano Padulosi, Gennifer Meldrum, Israel Oliver King E.D. et al.
2. Landmark of NUS events and key publications
Stefano Padulosi and Danny Hunter
3. Mainstreaming NUS for nutrition sensitive agriculture: a holistic approach
Stefano Padulosi, Gennifer Meldrum, Shantanu Mathur et al.
4. NUS and Peoples sense of dietary diversity and well-being
5.Diversity and small millets in India
Annadana Seetharam and Prabhakar Bhat
6.From discovery to food system diversification with African Neglected and Underutilized species
Céline Termote , Stepha McMullin, Hendre Prasad
7. Barriers to adopting a diversity of NUS fruit trees in Latin American food systems
Robin Van Loon, Elisabeth Lagneaux, Gabriela Wiederkehr Guerra et al.
8. Promoting Buckwheat in China
9.Neglected and underutilized species for sustainable food and nutrition security and role of conservation in Mexico
Tiziana Ulian, Hugh W. Pritchard, Alejandro Casas et al.
10. Neglected and underutilized species in Brazil: from obscurity to the non-conventional edible plants
Nuno Rodrigo Madeira, Valdely Ferreira Kinupp and Lidio Coradin
11. Underutilized genetic resources and crop diversification in Europe
12. Neglected and underutilized species and Indigenous foodways of Oceania
Danny Hunter, Nick Roskruge, Simon Apang Semese, et al.
PART II – APPROACHES, METHODS AND TOOLS FOR THE USE ENHANCEMENT OF NUS
13. The BFN mainstreaming toolkit. A roadmap to using neglected and underutilized species for food system change
Teresa Borelli, Daniela Beltrame, Victor W. Wasike, et al.
14. Development of seasonal calendars for sustainable diets- experiences from Guatemala, Mali and India
15. Enhancing the use of underutilized food crops: partnerships in a success story of pop cereal business in Kenya
Yasuyuki Morimoto, Patrick Maundu, Elizaphan Gichangi Mahinda, et al.
16. Agritourism and conservation of neglected and underutilized native Andean crops in Santiago de Okola, Bolivia
Stephen R. Taranto, Eliseo Mamani Alvarez and Wilfredo Rojas
17. Mainstreaming African vegetables to improve diets and livelihoods
Sognigbe N’Danikou, Maarten van Zonneveld, Fekadu Fufa Dinssa, et al.
18. Slow Food and NUS: Protecting and promoting endangered food products
Charles Barstow, Edie Mukiibi and Dauro Mattia Zocchi
PART III – INTEGRATED CONSERVATION AND USE OF MINOR MILLETS
19. Conservation and utilization of small millets genetic resources: Global and Indian perspectives
Kuldeep Singh, Nikhil Malhotra and Mohar Singh
20.Challenges to Conserving Millets in Ecologically Sensitive Areas
21. Community-centred value chain development of nutri-millets: challenges and best practices in India
Israel Oliver King, Karthikeyan Muniappan, Prashant K Parida, et al.
22 Taking Millets to Millions: Experiences from Government-Driven value chains.
Dinesh Balam, Saurabh Garg, Srijit Mishra, et al.
23. Millet based intercropping systems facilitated by beneficial microbes for climate resilient sustainable farming in tropics
Natarajan Mathimaran, Devesh Singh, Rengalakshmi Raj, et al.
24. Status of minor millets processing technologies in India: an overview
B. Dayakar Rao and Vilas A Tonapi
PART IV –NUTRITIONAL AND FOOD SECURITY ROLES OF MINOR MILLETS
25. Modelling the food security role of millets under climate change in eastern Madhya Pradesh
Gennifer Meldrum, Victoria Rose, Somnath Roy et al.
26. Germplasm characterization and novel technologies to unleash the nutritional potentials of small millets
Vasudevan Sudha, Nagappa Gurusiddappa Malleshi, Chamarthy Venkata Ratnavathi, et al.
27. Millets in Farming Systems in support of Nutrition and Social Safety Net Programmes
Priya Rampal, Aliza Pradhan, Akshaya Kumar Panda, et al.
28. The Smart Food Approach: The importance of the triple bottom line and diversifying staples
Joanna Kane-Potaka, Nigel Poole, Agathe Diama, et al
PART V – STAKEHOLDERS AND GLOBAL CHAMPIONS
29. Voices from the communities: the custodians of neglected and underutilized species
Aiti Devi, Bibiana Ranee, Loichan Sukia, et al.
30. Voices from the private sector engaged in the use enhancement of NUS
Ana Luiza Vergueiro, Camila Neves Soares Oliveira, Daniel Kriori, et al.
31. Voices from the agencies: research for development (R4D) agencies supporting efforts to conserve and promote the sustainable use of NUS
Claudio Bogliotti, Generosa Calabrese, Hamid El Bilali, et al.
PART VI – BUILDING AN ENABLING ENVIRONMENT
32. Equity, Gender and Millets: Implications for Policy
Nitya Rao, Amit Mitra and Raj Rengalakshmi
33. What is going on around the world: major NUS players and ongoing efforts
Stefano Padulosi, Gennifer Meldrum, Israel Oliver King et al.
34. In a well-nourished world, underutilized crops will be on the table
Marco Antonio Rondon and Renaud DePlaen
Stefano Padulosi is a Senior Scientist at the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, Via di San Dominico, 1, 00153, Rome, Italy.
E.D. Israel Oliver King is Principal Scientist at the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India.
Danny Hunter is a Senior Scientist at the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, Via di San Dominico, 1, 00153, Rome, Italy.
M.S. Swaminathan is the Founder of the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India.