© 2016 – Routledge
An authoritative source of information on violent conflicts and peacebuilding processes around the world, Peace and Conflict is an annual publication of the University of Maryland’s Center for International Development and Conflict Management and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva).
The contents of the 2016 edition are divided into three sections:
» Global Patterns and Trends provides an overview of recent advances in scholarly research on various aspects of conflict and peace, as well as chapters on armed conflict, violence against civilians, non-state armed actors, democracy and ethnic exclusion, terrorism, defense spending and arms production and procurement, peace agreements, state repression, foreign aid, and the results of the Peace & Conflict Instability Ledger, which ranks the status and progress of more than 160 countries based on their forecasted risk of future instability.
» Special Feature spotlights work on measuring micro-level welfare effects of exposure to conflict.
» Profiles has been enlarged to survey developments in instances of civil wars, peacekeeping missions, and international criminal justice proceedings that were active around the world during 2014.
Frequent visualizations of data in full-color, large-format tables, graphs, and maps bring the analysis to life and amplify crucial developments in real-world events and the latest findings in research.
The contributors include many leading scholars in the field from the US and Europe.
If you are looking for a comprehensive, accessible and thought-provoking overview of current research trends in political violence, this is the book to turn to.
—Nils Weidmann, Professor of Political Science, University of Konstanz, Germany
Peace and Conflict 2016, as with its predecessors, proves to be an invaluable source of up-to-date information on conflicts around the world. Various facets of political violence and their respective recent trends are documented in detail. New trends and challenges in conflict research are admirably discussed, as are traditional and more recent attempts in mitigating conflicts, from peacekeeping missions to criminal justice. Combining chapters on these themes written by the leading scholars in the field makes this volume a must-have for scholars and practitioners alike.
—Simon Hug, Professor of Political Science, University of Geneva, Switzerland
Praise for earlier editions:
"Truth and data are the first casualties of armed conflict. Peace and Conflict 2014 provides a very useful and accessible overview of key trends and themes, begins to address some of the burning issues in the field, and helps put risks into perspective."
—Tilman Brück, Director, International Security and Development Center, Germany
Peace and Conflict 2012 was a CHOICE Recommended title.
"Too much of the writing on international affairs is long on opinions and short on facts. Peace and
Conflict is the rare exception. Its clear presentations of evidence and analyses help to better inform discussions about the most pressing security challenges in today’s world."
—Fareed Zakaria, Host of CNN’s Fareed Zakaria GPS
"An essential tool for scholars and policymakers seeking the facts behind the headlines about the
nature and extent of conflict around the world."
—Vartan Gregorian, President, Carnegie Corporation of New York
"A tour de force!"
—The Honorable Samuel Lewis, Past President, United States Institute of Peace
1. Introduction to Peace and Conflict 2016
David A. Backer, Ravi Bhavnani, and Paul K. Huth
Section I. Global Patterns and Trends
2. The Cutting Edge of Research on Peace and Conflict
Karsten Donnay and Ravi Bhavnani
3. Armed Conflict, 1946–2014
Håvard Strand and Halvard Buhaug
4. Patterns and Trends of the Geography of Conflict
Roudabeh Kishi, Clionadh Raleigh, and Andrew M. Linke
5. Violence against Civilians during Civil War
Hanne Fjelde, Lisa Hultman, and Margareta Sollenberg
6. Non-State Actors in Civil War
David E. Cunningham, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, and Idean Salehyan
7. Democracy, Ethnic Exclusion, and Civil Conflict: The Arab Spring Revolutions from a Global Comparative Perspective
Manuel Vogt, Nils-Christian Bormann, and Lars-Erik Cederman
8. Global Terrorism and the Deadliest Groups since 2001
Gary LaFree and Laura Dugan
9. Defense Spending, Arms Production and Transfers: The Political Economy of Defense in a Transitional Phase
Aude-Emmanuelle Fleurant and Yannick Quéau
10. Global Trends in the Implementation of Intrastate Peace Agreements
Jason Michael Quinn and Madhav Joshi
11. Why States Repress: Evaluating Global Patterns of Abuse with the Political Terror Scale
Reed M. Wood, Mark Gibney, and Peter Haschke
12. Foreign Aid and Conflict: What We Know and Need to Know
Bradley Parks, Michael J. Tierney, and Caroline Bergeron
13. The Peace and Conflict Instability Ledger: Ranking States on Future Risks
David A. Backer and Paul K. Huth
Section II. Special Feature
14. New Developments in Measuring the Welfare Effects of Conflict Exposure at the Micro-Level
Tilman Brück, Patricia Justino, and Philip Verwimp
Section III. Profiles
15. Active Armed Conflicts in 2014
16. United Nations Peacekeeping Missions Active in 2014
17. Criminal Justice for Conflict-Related Violations—Developments during 2014
Peace and Conflict is a publication that provides cutting-edge data and analysis concerning domestic and international conflicts, other types of political violence and upheaval, and corresponding peacebuilding activities. Each edition of the book examines patterns and trends of events and key dimensions related to conflict and peacebuilding, as well as future risks of political and social instability. Past editions have included special feature sections on challenges to the stability of states (2008), the challenges of post-conflict transitions (2010), preventing armed violence (2012), and disaggregated data and analysis (2014). Among the contributors to the latest edition are over 30 experts from academic institutions in Europe and the US. The contents of Peace and Conflict are designed to be of value and intelligible to a wide audience, engaging with those involved in research, policy, practice, and the media in addition to students at the undergraduate and graduate levels. Each edition is a full-color resource with numerous graphs, tables, maps, and appendices dedicated to the visual and summary presentation of information.
From 2016 onwards, Peace and Conflict is a collaboration between the Graduate Institute, Geneva and CIDCM, bringing together two of the leading places for policy-relevant research about conflict, peacebuilding, and associated topics.