240 Pages
    by Routledge

    238 Pages
    by Routledge

    An authoritative source of information on violent conflicts and peacebuilding processes around the world, Peace and Conflict is an annual publication of the University of Maryland’s Center for International Development and Conflict Management and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva).

    The contents of the 2016 edition are divided into three sections:

    » Global Patterns and Trends provides an overview of recent advances in scholarly research on various aspects of conflict and peace, as well as chapters on armed conflict, violence against civilians, non-state armed actors, democracy and ethnic exclusion, terrorism, defense spending and arms production and procurement, peace agreements, state repression, foreign aid, and the results of the Peace & Conflict Instability Ledger, which ranks the status and progress of more than 160 countries based on their forecasted risk of future instability.

    » Special Feature spotlights work on measuring micro-level welfare effects of exposure to conflict.

    » Profiles has been enlarged to survey developments in instances of civil wars, peacekeeping missions, and international criminal justice proceedings that were active around the world during 2014.

    Frequent visualizations of data in full-color, large-format tables, graphs, and maps bring the analysis to life and amplify crucial developments in real-world events and the latest findings in research.

    The contributors include many leading scholars in the field from the US and Europe.


    1. Introduction to Peace and Conflict 2016

    David A. Backer, Ravi Bhavnani, and Paul K. Huth

    Section I. Global Patterns and Trends

    2. The Cutting Edge of Research on Peace and Conflict

    Karsten Donnay and Ravi Bhavnani

    3. Armed Conflict, 1946–2014

    Håvard Strand and Halvard Buhaug

    4. Patterns and Trends of the Geography of Conflict

    Roudabeh Kishi, Clionadh Raleigh, and Andrew M. Linke

    5. Violence against Civilians during Civil War

    Hanne Fjelde, Lisa Hultman, and Margareta Sollenberg

    6. Non-State Actors in Civil War

    David E. Cunningham, Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, and Idean Salehyan

    7. Democracy, Ethnic Exclusion, and Civil Conflict: The Arab Spring Revolutions from a Global Comparative Perspective

    Manuel Vogt, Nils-Christian Bormann, and Lars-Erik Cederman

    8. Global Terrorism and the Deadliest Groups since 2001

    Gary LaFree and Laura Dugan

    9. Defense Spending, Arms Production and Transfers: The Political Economy of Defense in a Transitional Phase

    Aude-Emmanuelle Fleurant and Yannick Quéau

    10. Global Trends in the Implementation of Intrastate Peace Agreements

    Jason Michael Quinn and Madhav Joshi

    11. Why States Repress: Evaluating Global Patterns of Abuse with the Political Terror Scale

    Reed M. Wood, Mark Gibney, and Peter Haschke

    12. Foreign Aid and Conflict: What We Know and Need to Know

    Bradley Parks, Michael J. Tierney, and Caroline Bergeron

    13. The Peace and Conflict Instability Ledger: Ranking States on Future Risks

    David A. Backer and Paul K. Huth

    Section II. Special Feature

    14. New Developments in Measuring the Welfare Effects of Conflict Exposure at the Micro-Level

    Tilman Brück, Patricia Justino, and Philip Verwimp

    Section III. Profiles

    15. Active Armed Conflicts in 2014

    Margareta Sollenberg

    16. United Nations Peacekeeping Missions Active in 2014

    Deniz Cil

    17. Criminal Justice for Conflict-Related Violations—Developments during 2014

    Anupma Kulkarni


    David Backer, Ravinder Bhavnani, Paul Huth

    If you are looking for a comprehensive, accessible and thought-provoking overview of current research trends in political violence, this is the book to turn to.

    Nils Weidmann, Professor of Political Science, University of Konstanz, Germany

    Peace and Conflict 2016, as with its predecessors, proves to be an invaluable source of up-to-date information on conflicts around the world. Various facets of political violence and their respective recent trends are documented in detail. New trends and challenges in conflict research are admirably discussed, as are traditional and more recent attempts in mitigating conflicts, from peacekeeping missions to criminal justice. Combining chapters on these themes written by the leading scholars in the field makes this volume a must-have for scholars and practitioners alike.

    Simon Hug, Professor of Political Science, University of Geneva, Switzerland

    Praise for earlier editions:

    "Truth and data are the first casualties of armed conflict. Peace and Conflict 2014 provides a very useful and accessible overview of key trends and themes, begins to address some of the burning issues in the field, and helps put risks into perspective."

    Tilman Brück, Director, International Security and Development Center, Germany

    Peace and Conflict 2012 was a CHOICE Recommended title.

    "Too much of the writing on international affairs is long on opinions and short on facts. Peace and

    Conflict is the rare exception. Its clear presentations of evidence and analyses help to better inform discussions about the most pressing security challenges in today’s world."

    Fareed Zakaria, Host of CNN’s Fareed Zakaria GPS

    "An essential tool for scholars and policymakers seeking the facts behind the headlines about the

    nature and extent of conflict around the world."

    Vartan Gregorian, President, Carnegie Corporation of New York

    "A tour de force!"

    The Honorable Samuel Lewis, Past President, United States Institute of Peace