264 Pages
    by Routledge

    264 Pages
    by Routledge

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    An authoritative source of information on violent conflicts and peacebuilding processes around the world, Peace and Conflict is an annual publication of the University of Maryland’s Center for International Development and Conflict Management and the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Geneva).

    The contents of the 2017 edition are divided into three sections:

    » Global Patterns and Trends provides an overview of recent advances in scholarly research on various aspects of conflict and peace, as well as chapters on armed conflict, violence against civilians, characteristics of rebel and state forces, sexual violence, democracy and civil war, terrorism, human rights conditions, and the results of the updated Peace & Conflict Instability Ledger, which ranks the status and progress of more than 160 countries based on their forecasted risk of future instability (adverse regime change, internal war, state mass killing, non-state mass killing).

    » Special Feature spotlights work on the relationship between refugees and the diffusion of armed conflict.

    » Profiles surveys developments in instances of civil wars, peacekeeping missions, and international criminal justice proceedings that were active around the world during 2015.

    Frequent visualizations of data in full-color, large-format tables, graphs, and maps bring the analysis to life and amplify crucial developments in real-world events and the latest findings in research.

    The contributors include many leading scholars in the field from the US and Europe.

    1 Introduction to Peace and Conflict 2017

    David A. Backer, Ravi Bhavnani, and Paul K. Huth

    2 Generalizing Findings from Micro-Level Research on Peace and Conflict: Challenges and Solutions

    Karsten Donnay, Andrew M. Linke, and Ravi Bhavnani

    3 Tracing Armed Conflict over Time: A Reversal of the Recent Decline?

    Håvard Strand and Halvard Buhaug

    4 The Geography of Organized Armed Violence around the World

    Erik Melander, David A. Backer, and Eric Dunford

    5 Spatial Patterns of Violence against Civilians

    Hanne Fjelde, Lisa Hultman, Margareta Sollenberg, and Ralph Sundberg

    6 The Size of Rebel and State Armed Forces in Internal Conflicts: Measurement and Implications

    Jacob Aronson and Paul K. Huth

    7 The Prevalence of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence: When, Where and By Whom?

    Ragnhild Nordås

    8 Democracy, Democratization, and Civil War

    Suthan Krishnarajan, Jørgen Møller, Lasse Lykke Rørbæk, and Svend-Erik Skaaning

    9 Evolution of Global Terrorism: The Growing Lethality of Attacks

    Gary LaFree and Laura Dugan

    10 Are Global Human Rights Conditions Static or Improving?

    Peter Haschke and Mark Gibney

    11 The Peace and Conflict Instability Ledger 2017: A New Methodology and Ranking of Countries on Forecasted Risks

    David A. Backer, Jacob Aronson, and Paul K. Huth

    12 Refugees and Conflict Diffusion

    Seraina Rüegger

    13 Armed Conflicts Active in 2015

    Margareta Sollenberg

    14 Multilateral Peacekeeping Operations Active in 2015

    Deniz Cil

    15 Criminal Justice for Conflict-Related Violations: Developments during 2015

    Anupma L. Kulkarni



    1. David A. Backer is a Research Associate Professor and Assistant Director of the Center for International Development and Conflict Management, as well as Director of the Minor in International Development and Conflict Management, at the University of Maryland. His research focuses on conflict dynamics and post-conflict processes. He is Co-Director of the West Africa Transitional Justice Project and the Constituency-Level Elections Archive.
    2. Ravi Bhavnani is a Professor at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (Switzerland). His research explores the micro-foundations of violence, examining the endogenous relationships among the characteristics, beliefs, and interests of relevant actors, as well as social mechanisms and emergent structures that shape attitudes, decision making, and behavior. He uses agent-based modeling and disaggregated empirical data to link theoretical conjectures to concrete evidence, thereby identifying processes that tend to generate specific outcomes.
    3. Paul K. Huth is a Professor of Government and Politics at the University of Maryland and Director of the Center for International Development and Conflict Management. He is also editor of the Journal of Conflict Resolution. He has published books and widely in journals on subjects related to the study of international conflict and war, including deterrence behavior, crisis decision making, territorial disputes, the democratic peace, international law and dispute resolution, and the civilian consequences of war.


    If you are looking for a comprehensive, accessible and thought-provoking overview of current research trends in political violence, this is the book to turn to.

    Nils Weidmann, Professor of Political Science, University of Konstanz, Germany

    Peace and Conflict 2016, as with its predecessors, proves to be an invaluable source of up-to-date information on conflicts around the world. Various facets of political violence and their respective recent trends are documented in detail. New trends and challenges in conflict research are admirably discussed, as are traditional and more recent attempts in mitigating conflicts, from peacekeeping missions to criminal justice. Combining chapters on these themes written by the leading scholars in the field makes this volume a must-have for scholars and practitioners alike.

    Simon Hug, Professor of Political Science, University of Geneva, Switzerland

    Praise for earlier editions:

    "Truth and data are the first casualties of armed conflict. Peace and Conflict 2014 provides a very useful and accessible overview of key trends and themes, begins to address some of the burning issues in the field, and helps put risks into perspective."

    Tilman Brück, Director, International Security and Development Center, Germany

    Peace and Conflict 2012 was a CHOICE Recommended title.

    "Too much of the writing on international affairs is long on opinions and short on facts. Peace and

    Conflict is the rare exception. Its clear presentations of evidence and analyses help to better inform discussions about the most pressing security challenges in today’s world."

    Fareed Zakaria, Host of CNN’s Fareed Zakaria GPS

    "An essential tool for scholars and policymakers seeking the facts behind the headlines about the

    nature and extent of conflict around the world."

    Vartan Gregorian, President, Carnegie Corporation of New York

    "A tour de force!"

    The Honorable Samuel Lewis, Past President, United States Institute of Peace