Physics of Nuclear Radiations: Concepts, Techniques and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Physics of Nuclear Radiations

Concepts, Techniques and Applications, 1st Edition

By Chary Rangacharyulu

CRC Press

383 pages | 51 B/W Illus.

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Description

Physics of Nuclear Radiations: Concepts, Techniques and Applications makes the physics of nuclear radiations accessible to students with a basic background in physics and mathematics. The main text avoids calculus, with detailed derivations deferred to endnotes and appendices. The text explains meanings and the significance of equations in detail to be understandable to audiences from various disciplines.

Rather than convince students one way or the other about the hazards of nuclear radiations, the text empowers them with tools to calculate and assess nuclear radiations and their impact. It discusses the meaning behind mathematical formulae as well as the areas in which the equations can be applied.

After reviewing the physics preliminaries, the author addresses the growth and decay of nuclear radiations, the stability of nuclei or particles against radioactive transformations, and the behavior of heavy charged particles, electrons, photons, and neutrons. He then presents the nomenclature and physics reasoning of dosimetry, covers typical nuclear facilities (such as medical x-ray machines and particle accelerators), and describes the physics principles of diverse detectors. The book also discusses methods for measuring energy and time spectroscopies before concluding with applications in agriculture, medicine, industry, and art.

Table of Contents

Physics Preliminaries

Conservation Laws

Basics of Relativity

Energetics of Photons

Energetics of Matter

Matter Waves

Questions

Endnotes

Radioactivity

Introduction

Natural Radioactivity

Radioactive Secular Equilibrium

Growth and Decay of Radioactivity

Age Determination—An Application

Questions

Endnotes

Nuclear Energetics

Introduction

Q-Value of Nuclear Processes

Beta Decay

Q-Values for Populating Excited Levels

Q-Values of Artificial Transmutation

Separation Energies

Questions

Endnotes

Interaction of Heavy Charged Particles with Matter

Introduction

Bethe Stopping Power Formula

Range of Charged Particles

Bragg Peak

Range of a Particles

Range of Particles in Mixtures and Compounds

Energy Loss of Electrons by Ionization

Endnotes

Interactions of Photons and Electrons in Matter

Introduction

Radiation Length

Photon Energy and Material Dependence of Attenuation Coefficients

Photon Energy Loss Mechanisms

Bragg’s Additive Rule

Electron Interactions

Bremsstrahlung

Radiation Length

Cherenkov Radiation

Transition Radiation

Questions

Endnotes

Interactions of Neutrons with Matter

Introduction

Nuclear Fission

Macroscopic Cross Section

Neutron Multiplication in Bulk Matter

Questions

Endnotes

Basics of Radiation Dosimetry

Introduction

Biological Considerations

Working Level Month

Specific Gamma Ray Constant

Endnotes

Radiation Sources

Background

Production of Electromagnetic Radiation

Ion Beam Accelerators

Electrostatic Accelerators

Alternating Current Accelerators

Linear Accelerators

Cyclotron

Microtron

Synchrotron

Collider Machines

Questions

Endnotes

Nuclear Radiation Detectors

Introduction

Cloud Chambers and Bubble Chambers

Gas Detectors

Multi-Wire Chambers

Semiconductor Solid State Detectors

Scintillation Counters

Cherenkov Detectors

Photosensors

Measurement Techniques

Intensity Measurements

Energy Spectroscopy

Coincidence Measurements for Energy Spectroscopy

Timing Spectroscopy

Particle Identification by Time of Flight

Emission

Nuclear Techniques—A Few Applications

Introduction

Applications in Medicine

Radiation Therapy

Trace Element Analyses

Appendix A: Radioactive Decays

Appendix B: Energetics

Appendix C: Cross Sections

Appendix D: Physics of Semiconductor Detectors

Appendix E: Websites

Appendix F: Glossary

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED080000
MEDICAL / Radiology & Nuclear Medicine
SCI024000
SCIENCE / Energy
SCI051000
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics