Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine

2nd Edition

By Max H. Lombardi

CRC Press

256 pages | 120 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-10-20
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Description

Recent advances in the field of nuclear medicine (NM) are expanding the role and responsibilities of the nuclear medicine technologist (NMT) to include more complex and detailed tasks. New technologies are making the diagnosis, management, and treatment of illnesses more sensitive, more specific, more accurate, and ultimately safer for both the patient and the technologist.

Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine, Second Edition provides the latest technological advances and expanded responsibilities of today’s NMT while laying a solid foundation for understanding the basic physics behind the technology. As with the original, this edition teaches the units of radioactivity, exposure, and dosimetry, along with the principles of instrumentation needed for detection and measurement. Focusing on the issues of safety, this volume devotes considerable attention to the science and practice of safety techniques and includes information on rules and regulations.

In keeping with the expanding nature of the field, the second edition incorporates many updates and additions such as,

  • Recent modifications to the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations specific to the use of radiopharmaceuticals in medicine
  • The growing popularity of metabolic imaging with positron emissions tomography (PET)
  • The benefits of merging two modalities, namely, the images of PET and computerized tomography (CT) into one short scanning procedure
  • The new role of therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals that use molecular targeting as a method of localization
  • Providing a basic understanding of nuclear medicine, its scientific basis, diagnostic and therapeutic applications, safety practices and regulations, and future directions, Radiation Safety in Nuclear Medicine, Second Edition is the comprehensive reference for technologists, students, researchers, and other professionals in the Nuclear Medicine.

    Reviews

    “…very readable format … numerous tables, figures, and sample problems. Each chapter concludes with problems for the student to solve. …offers extensive coverage of the subject. …The chapters on radiatiosn physics, units of radiation exposure and dose, and radiobiology are thorough and well written.’

    — Jeffry A. Siegel, writing in International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 2007, 69(4)

    “Although the target audience consists of nuclear medicine technologist students, the basic physics and radiobiology make this book a good secondary review for nuclear cardiologists and radiologists preparing for their boards. … easy to follow. Well done tables and Diagrams … .  Radiobiology and internal dosimetry are presented well and the coverage of radiation physics adequately meets the training levelfor nuclear medicine technologists.”

    Weighted Numerical Score: 95 - 4 Stars!

    Doody’s Notes, June 2008

    Table of Contents

    Principles of Radiation Physics

    Rationale

    Brief History of Radiation Science

    Matter and Energy

    Atomic Structure and Radioactivity

    Particle Interactions

    Gamma Ray Interactions

    Gamma Ray Interactions with Lead and Water

    Units of Radiation Exposure and Dose

    Rationale

    Basic Concepts

    Other Concepts

    Specific Gamma Constant

    About S.I. Units

    Guidelines for Radiation Protection

    Rationale

    National and International Agencies

    Radiation Safety and the Law

    Types of Radiation Effects

    Recommended Dose Limits

    Radiation Safety Practice

    Radiation Detection and Measurement

    Rationale

    Fundamentals

    Gas Detectors

    Scintillation Detectors

    Imaging Instrumentation

    Statistics of Counting

    Making Decisions

    Minimum Detectable Activity (MDA)

    Quality Assurance of Radiation Counters

    Radiation Safety in the Nuclear Medicine Department

    Rationale

    Design of the NM Department

    Description of Some Areas

    Molecular Medicine

    The Radiation Safety Program (RSP)

    Radiation Safety Committee (RSC)

    Radiation Safety Officer (RSO)

    Radioactive Materials License

    Quality Management Program (QMP)

    The ALARA Program

    The Practice of Radiation Safety

    Safe Handling of Radioactivity

    Rationale

    Minimizing External Exposures

    Preventing Internal Contamination

    Laboratory Rules

    Radiation Hazards

    Radionuclide Therapy

    Other Radionuclide Therapies

    Radiation Surveys and Waste Disposal

    Rationale

    Radiation Surveys

    Survey Instruments

    Monitoring

    Accidental Contamination

    Radioactive Wastes

    Disposal of Radioactive Wastes

    Occupational Exposures

    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    Monitoring of Personnel Exposures

    Rationale

    Monitoring of Occupational Exposures

    Reminder of Dose Limits

    Monitoring Methods

    Records of Personnel Dosimetry

    Reports

    Reportable Events

    Internal Dosimetry and Bioassays

    Rationale

    Historical Review

    Internal Doses from Radiopharmaceuticals

    Bioassay of Radioactivity

    Biological Half-Times

    Introduction to Radiobiology

    Rationale

    Review of Basic Concepts

    The Study of Radiobiology

    Types of Exposure

    Theories of Radiation Injury

    DNA: The Most Sensitive Target

    Quantitative Radiobiology

    Survival Curves

    Tissue Sensitivities

    Types of Damage

    Radiation Injury Modifiers

    Acute Radiation Syndrome (ARS)

    Late Effects of Radiation

    Genetic Effects

    Effects of Prenatal Irradiation

    Appendix A — Properties of Medical Radionuclides

    Negatron Emitters

    Gamma (X-Rays) Emitters

    Positron Emitters (Annihilation Radiation)

    Appendix B — Symbols and Abbreviations

    Appendix C — Interconversion of Units

    Appendix D — Answers to Problems

    Index

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    MED080000
    MEDICAL / Radiology & Nuclear Medicine
    TEC017000
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety