Pioneers in the Tropics
The Political Organisation of Japanese in an Immigrant Community in Brazil
This study of a substantial Japanese immigrant community in Brazil concentrates on its development of a political organization to cope with internal problems of co-operation and conflict and to deal with the outside world of Brazilian politicians and merchants. After many early troubles the immigrants developed pepper growing as a cash crop and now seem on the way to prosperity. The analysis, which makes use of the concept of network interaction, is of relevance to all interested in community migration and development of new rural settlements.
Table of Contents
I. BACKGROUND I Introduction, I Japanese background, 5 The Brazilian setting, 14 The paths of immigrants, 23 2. POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC STRUCTURE 28 Political structure, 28 Economic structure, 40 3. SOCIAL STRUCTURE 54 The household, 54 Independent kinsmen and affines, 62 Neighbours, 63 Aggregates, 64 Associations, 75 4. DYADIC TIES AND HOUSEHOLD-CENTRED NETWORKS 89 Dyadic ties between households, 89 Household-centred networks, 103 LEADERSHIP 120 Essential background features, 121 Leaders of political support networks, 123 Community-wide leaders, 126 6. COMMUNITY SOLIDARITY AND THE PRIVATE SALE OF PEPPER 149 The setting in 1957, 151 Growth of private pepper buyers, 154 Attempts by Co-operative officials to control the flow of members' pepper, 163 The situation in 1964-65, 167 Discussion, 170 7. CONCLUSION 173 Co-operative organization, 173 Japanese 'Disposition to Groupness, 181 LIST OF WORKS CITED 190 INDEX 197
Dr Staniford is Assistant Professor of Anthropology at San Diego State College, California.