1st Edition

Poland's Kin-State Policies Opportunities and Challenges

Edited By Andreea Udrea, David Smith, Karl Cordell Copyright 2022
    168 Pages
    by Routledge

    168 Pages
    by Routledge

    The increased engagement of states with their co-ethnics abroad has recently become one of the most contentious features of European politics. Until recently, the issue has been discussed predominantly within the paradigm of international security; yet a review of the broader European picture shows that kin-state engagement can in fact have a positive societal impact when it actually responds effectively to the claims formulated by co-ethnic communities themselves.

    Poland's Kin-State Policies: Opportunities and Challenges offers new insights into this issue by examining Poland’s fast-evolving relationship with Polish communities living beyond its borders. Its central focus is the Act on the Polish Card (generally known as Karta Polaka). Tracing policymaking processes and the underlying political agendas that have shaped them, the volume situates Poland’s engagement within broader conceptual and normative debates around kin-state and diaspora politics and explores its reception and impact in neighbouring states (Ukraine, Germany, Lithuania). The volume highlights how the issue of co-ethnics abroad is increasingly being instrumentalised, most especially for the purposes of attracting labour migration to resolve the demographic crisis in Poland.

    The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Ethnopolitics.

    1. Karta Polaka, Poland and its Co-ethnics Abroad

    Andreea Udrea, David Smith and Karl Cordell

    2. Karta Polaka—New Wine in Old Bottles

    Dorota Pudzianowska

    3. The Paradoxical Nature of Diaspora Engagement Policies: A World Polity Perspective on the Karta Polaka

    Bastian Sendhardt

    4. Divided Nationhood and Multiple Membership: A Framework for Assessing Kin-State Policies and Their Impact

    Myra A. Waterbury

    5. Pragmatic Trans-Border Nationalism: A Comparative Analysis of Poland’s and Hungary’s Policies Towards Kin-Minorities in the Twenty-First Century

    Magdalena Lesińska and Dominik Héjj

    6. Minority Protection and Kin-State Engagement: Karta Polaka in Comparative Perspective

    Andreea Udrea and David Smith

    7. The Polish Minority in Germany: Marginal or Marginalised?

    Karl Cordell

    8. Between Two Kin-States: The Round Table Meetings on the German Minority in Poland and the Poles in Germany 2010–2019

    Sławomir Łodzinski

    9. Relations Between Polish Immigrant Organisations in Germany and Institutions of the Polish and German States

    Michał Nowosielski

    10. Does Polish Origin Matter? The Integration Challenges of Polish Card Holders in Poland

    Myroslava Keryk

    11. Identities of and Policies Towards the Polish National Minority in Lithuania

    Diana Janušauskienė

    12. National Bonds, Foreign Policy and the Future of Europe

    Jan Zielonka


    Andreea Udrea co-convenes KINPOL Observatory on Kin-state Policies at the University of Glasgow. With Professor David Smith, she led a two-year project entitled ‘Poland’s Kin-state Policies: Opportunities and Challenges’ funded by the Noble Foundation Programme on Modern Poland.

    David Smith is Professor and Alec Nove Chair in Russian and East European Studies at the University of Glasgow, where he co-convenes the KINPOL Observatory on Kin-state Policies and the Glasgow Baltic Research Unit.

    Karl Cordell is Emeritus Professor of Politics at the University of Plymouth.