Police on Camera Surveillance, Privacy, and Accountability
Police body-worn cameras (BWCs) are at the cutting edge of policing. They have sparked important conversations about the proper role and extent of police in society and about balancing security, oversight, accountability, privacy, and surveillance in our modern world. Police on Camera address the conceptual and empirical evidence surrounding the use of BWCs by police officers in societies around the globe, offering a variety of differing opinions from experts in the field.
The book provides the reader with conceptual and empirical analyses of the role and impact of police body-worn cameras in society. These analyses are complimented by invited commentaries designed to open up dialogue and generate debate on these important social issues. The book offers informed, critical commentary to the ongoing debates about the implications that BWCs have for society in various parts of the world, with special attention to issues of police accountability and discretion, privacy, and surveillance.
This book is designed to be accessible to a broad audience, and is targeted at scholars and students of surveillance, law and policy, and the police, as well as policymakers and others interested in how surveillance technologies are impacting our modern world and criminal justice institutions.
Introduction: The Ayes Have It—Should They? Police Body-Worn Cameras
Gary T. Marx
Section 1: Setting the Stage: Theory and Practice
1. Taking Off the Blinders: A General Framework to Understand How Bodycams Work
2. Theorizing Police Body-Worn Cameras
3. Reading the Body-Worn Camera as Multiple: A Reconsideration of Entities as Enactments
Kathryn Henne, Jenna Harb
Section 2: Accountability and Discretion
4. Can We Count on the Police? Definitional Issues in Considering the Promise of Body Worn Cameras to Increase Police Accountability
5. The Camera Never Lies? Police Body Worn Cameras and Operational Discretion
Emmeline Taylor, Murray Lee
6. Does Surveillance of Officers Lead to De-Policing? A Block Randomized Crossover Controlled Trial on Body-Worn Cameras in Uruguay
Barak Ariel, Renée J. Mitchell, Maria Emilia Firpo, Ricardo Fraiman, Jordan M. Hyatt
7. Police Body-Worn Cameras in the Canadian Context: Policing’s New Visibility and Today’s Expectations for Police Accountability
Gregory R. Brown
8. Commentary: Accountability, Discretion, and the Questions We Ask
9. Commentary: Questioning Assumptions of De-Policing and Erasures of Race: A Rejoinder to Ariel’s Study of Camera-Induced Passivity Among Traffic Police in Uruguay
Section 3: Privacy and Surveillance
10. Not Just about Privacy: Police Body-Worn Cameras and the Costs of Public Area Surveillance
Benjamin J. Goold
11. Privacy, Public Disclosure, and Police-Worn Body Camera Footage
Mary D. Fan
12. The Rise of Body-Worn Video Cameras: A New Surveillance Revolution?
William Webster, Charles Leleux
13. Commentary: A Republican and Collective Approach to the Privacy and Surveillance Issues of Bodycams
Gerard Jan Ritsema van Eck, Lotte Houwing
14. Commentary: Protecting the Rights of Citizens on Camera: Why Restricting Disclosure of Police Body Camera Footage is Better than Giving Victims Control over Recording
Conclusion: Body Worn Cameras, Surveillance, and Police Legitimacy
Anthony A. Braga