Livestock production worldwide is increasing rapidly, in part due to economic growth and demand for meat in industrializing countries. Yet there are many concerns about the sustainability of increased meat production and consumption, from perspectives including human health, animal welfare, climate change and environmental pollution.
This book tackles the key issues of contemporary meat production and consumption through a lens of political ecology, which emphasizes the power relations producing particular social, economic and cultural interactions with non-human nature. Three main topics are addressed: the political ecology of global livestock production trends; changes in production systems around the world and their implications for environmental justice; and existing and emerging governance strategies for meat production and consumption systems and their implications.
Case studies of different systems at varying scales are included, drawn from Asia, Africa, the Americas and Europe. The book includes an editorial introduction to set the context and synthesize key messages for the reader.
"In a world where food has become the focal point of environmental politics, it’s high time for an unflinching survey of meat. From the economy of farmed fish and livestock genetics to the politics of rainforest ranching and Halal slaughter, Emel and Neo’s superlative collection has something to surprise and engage everyone: researchers, activists and consumers." – Paul Robbins, Director of the Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA and author of Lawn People and Political Ecology.
"With meat squarely on the public agenda, this book could not come at a better time. Constituting a range of case studies on the many dimensions of industrial meat production, this book pushes beyond the simple debates of meat or no meat and asks readers to think more deeply of how we as human animals want to live with our non-human animal co-inhabitants." – Julie Guthman, University of California – Santa Cruz, USA and author of Agrarian Dreams: the Paradox of Organic Farming in California and Weighing In: Obesity, Food Justice and the Limits of Capitalism.
"If the project of animal geography is to make non-humans and our relations with them visible and accountable in our socio-spatial understanding, then this excellent volume does just that, placing the industrialised lives and deaths of farmed livestock, without alibi, at the centre of a critical bio-political ecology." – Henry Buller, University of Exeter, UK, appointed member of the Farm Animal Welfare Committee (FAWC) and Chair of the FAWC/Defra Welfare at Killing group.
"By broaching topics of systematic exploitation and injustice within the livestock industry, the book brings a multitude of environmental, political, and economic contradictions into the spotlight. Perhaps exposure is the first step towards advocacy." – Heide K. Bruckner, University of Graz, Austria
Alice J. Hovorka
Jody Emel and Harvey Neo
Part 1: The ‘Livestock Revolution’: Geographies and Implications
2. Evolution of a Revolution: Meat Consumption and Livestock Production in the Developing World
3. Cattle ranching development in the Brazilian Amazon: Looking at Long-term Trends to Explore the Transition towards Sustainable Beef Cattle Production
Pablo Pacheco and Rene Poccard-Chapuis
4. The Political Ecology of Factory Farming in East Africa
5. A Changing Environment for Livestock in South Africa
Emma R.M. Archer van Garderen, Charles L. Davis and Mark A. Tadross
Part 2: Environmental Justice and Meat Production/Consumption
6. Meat and Inequality: Environmental Health Consequences of Livestock Agribusiness
7. Can’t Go to the Fountain No More: Pigs, Nitrates and Spring Water Pollution in Catalonia
David Sauri and Hug March
8. Environmental Injustice in the Spatial Distribution of Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations: A Case Study from Ohio, USA
Julia Lenhardt and Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger
9. Neoliberal Governance and Environmental Risk: ‘Normal Accidents’ in North Carolina’s Hog Industry
Part 3: Biopolitics, Knowledge, and the Materialism of Meat
10. Breed Contra Beef: the Making of the Piedmontese Cattle
Annalisa Colombino and Paolo Giaccaria
11. Biopower and an Ecology of Genes: Seeing Livestock as Meat via Genetics
12. Cows, Climate and the Media
Keith Lee, Joshua P. Newell, Jennifer R. Wolch and Pascale Joassart Marcelli
13. The Political Science of Farm Animal Welfare in the US and EU
14. Battling the Head and the Heart: Constructing Knowledgeable Narratives of Vegetarianism in Anti-meat Advocacy
Part 4: The Governance of Meat Production Systems
15. Producing Halal Meat: the Case of Halal Slaughter Practices in Wales, UK
Mara Miele and Karolina Rucinska
16. Roundtabling and the Greening of the Global Beef Industry: Lessons from the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)
17. Contesting Urban Agriculture: the Politics of Meat Production in the License-Buy-Back Scheme (2006-2007) in Hong Kong
Kin Wing Chan
18. Complications and Implications of Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Livestock
Chris Rosin and Mark H. Cooper
19. Domestic Farmed Fish Production: An Overview of Governance and Oversight in the US Aquaculture Industry
Paula Daniels and Colleen McKinney
Jody Emel and Harvey Neo
The Routledge Studies in Political Ecology series provides a forum for original, innovative and vibrant research surrounding the diverse field of political ecology. This series promotes interdisciplinary scholarly work drawing on a wide range of subject areas such as geography, anthropology, sociology, politics and environmental history. Titles within the series reflect the wealth of research being undertaken within this diverse and exciting field.