Port Management and Operations: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Port Management and Operations

1st Edition

By Maria G. Burns

CRC Press

406 pages | 121 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781482206753
pub: 2014-07-21
SAVE ~$23.00
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315275215
pub: 2018-09-03
from $57.50

FREE Standard Shipping!


With 80 percent of the world’s commodities being transported by water, ports are the pillars of the global economy. Port Management and Operations offers readers the opportunity to enhance their strategic thinking and problem-solving skills, while developing market foresight. It examines global port management practices at the regulatory, commercial, technological, operational, financial, and sociopolitical levels.

This powerful sourcebook describes how seaports are being affected by the changes occurring nationally, regionally, and globally. Evaluating the new regulatory framework, it pinpoints the industry’s implementation readiness and identifies potential problem areas. The book classifies the spectrum of interrelated port management principles, strategies, and activities in a logical sequence and under four cornerstones—Port Strategy and Structure, Legal and Regulatory Framework, Input: Factors of Production, and Output and Economic Framework.

Detailing best practices and the latest industry developments, the book highlights emerging challenges for port managers and identifies opportunities to develop forward-thinking strategies. It examines the effectiveness of current strategies, tactics, tools, and resources of numerous global ports and highlights the necessity of adopting a proactive stance in harmonizing the laws, regulations, and policies pertaining to the maritime, oil, and gas industries.

The shipping industry has myriad complexities and this book provides maritime managers and professionals with the wide-ranging and up-to-date understanding required to thrive in today’s highly competitive and evolving environment.


"Maria Burns has done it again! In this first class Port Management and Maritime resource book, she demonstrates once more her ability to blend practical and useful information into a compilation of real-world commercial scenarios. This innovative approach will make this book a scientific and commercial success!"

Niels A. Aalund, Senior Vice President, West Gulf Maritime Association; and Chairman, Houston Maritime Museum

"Professor Burns has meticulously authored a book with knowledge and enthusiasm. She efficiently takes the pulse of the supply chain, consisting of canals, ports, ship owners, and the global logistics networks, in an effort to identify the current and future trends. … manages to bring together a plethora of disciplines, sciences, and concepts, and explain the reason for the industry’s developments over different time periods. Under the principle that history repeats itself, her comprehensive examination of past trends can be used by the readers as a useful tool to speculate potential future developments."

—Yira A. Flores Naylor, Communications and Historic Documentation Section, Panama Canal Authorities

"In such a hectic and complicated world of global trade, Professor Burns succeeds in doing the almost impossible—giving a powerful and up-to-date description and forecast on the subject, that no port manager at any level can afford to miss."

—Mendi Zaltzman, CEO, Port of Haifa, Israel

"… maps out the multidisciplinary practices of port management and operations, as well as the distinctive contribution of the shipping industry to the global economy, through trade and development. … The outstanding contribution of this book is to reveal the role of seaports as a critical component of modern supply chains, enhanced with guidance into the significance of strategic and tactical port planning, modern maritime professions, working practices, and trends that are frequently only vaguely understood, if not completely overlooked. … a well-written expository book of port management and shipping practices, which is truly accessible to everyone."

—Nicky Pappadakis, President Emeritus, Intercargo

"The author extols the key role of the shipping industry and ports as a point of creation, investment, and as a tool of prosperity and job opportunity in general. An approach of this kind is innovative, informative, and of great value for maritime professionals—I highly recommend this book!"

Captain Sotiris Shinas, Marine Manager of EURONAV and Deputy Marine Division Director of CERES Hellenic Shipping

Table of Contents


Port Management and Operations: Strategy in the Throes of a Transition

Port Authorities, Departments and Activities

Ports’ Strategy in the Throes of a Transition

The History of Ports: Advanced Thinking, Planning, and Development

Ports’ History and Etymology: A Passage, a Journey, and a Haven

Advanced Thinking: National Ports, Diplomacy, and Economy

Ports’ History, Planning, and Development

Port Ownership, Structure, and Organization

Forms of Port Ownership, Structure, and Organization

Port Governance

Port Ownership and Structural Types

Port Privatization

Port Workforce: Productivity, Growth, and Empowerment Strategies

Measuring Productivity, Throughput, and Growth

The Econometrics of Labor and Production

Port Growth, Productivity, and Empowerment


Connecting Hub Port Gateways to the Inland Infrastructure

Logistics Integration of Port Activities

The Five Stages of Integration for the Maritime Industry

Strategic Location and Market Accessibility for Existing and Emerging Seaports

Ports’ Success Factors

Supply Chain Opportunities, Competition, and Conflict Prevention


Port Management and Economic Growth

Establishing a Port’s Competitive Edge in a Niche World

Comparative Advantage, Competitive Advantage, Absolute Advantage and Niche: Better, the Best or Simply Different?

Economic Growth as the Space between Stimulus and Response

Physical versus Strategic Growth

Trade, Protectionism, and Free Trade

Risk Assessment (RA) and Risk Management (RM): How Far Can We Go?

The Risk Assessment Methodologies

Risk and Business Longevity


Port Operations

Port Management Services: Terminal Operators; Property Leasing Opportunities

Port Management Services and Operations

The Harbormaster’s Department and Functions

Terminal Manager

Vessels’ Planning

The Four Stages of Port Management and Operations

Marine Terminal Operator (MTO) Agreements and Leasing Opportunities

Marine Terminal Operators and Leasing Opportunities: Case Studies

Berths, Facilities, and Equipment

Berth Performance versus Capacity

Port Operations: The Place where Capacity and Performance Meet

The Port and Charter Party Terms

Charter Party Types

Charter Party Clauses and Areas of Dispute

The Port and Charter Party Terms


Introduction: The Global Shipbuilding Market

The Utility of Shipbuilding

The Components of Shipbuilding

Intellectual Property Rights

The History of Shipbuilding

Reasons for Shipyards Losing Market Share

Contemporary Shipbuilding Trends

Shipbuilding and Oil Market Analysis

Global Market Analysis


Port Agents: Liner Services, Tramp Trade, and Offshore Support Agents


Agency Selection and Practices

Port Agency Responsibilities

General Agency Duties, for Tramp, Liner, and Logistics Services

Port-Related Claims and Legal Liabilities

Conflict Resolution: Arbitration versus Court of Law

Port-Related Claims and Charter Party Clause Interpretation

Port or Berth Charter Party

Nominating a "Safe Port"

When a "Safe Port" becomes "Temporarily Unsafe"

When Communication becomes a Prerequisite to Port Safety

Stevedore Damage and Bills of Lading Stipulations

Safe Port, Security, and Loss of Time

Ship’s Off-Hire, Time Lost, and Piracy Clauses

Multimodal Transportation


Port and Terminal Investment

Public versus Private Investment

Return on Investment and the Impact on Trade Growth

Port Subsidies and Investment: Challenges and Opportunities

Port Subsidies

Foreign Investment


Ships’ Size, Ports’ Size: A New Era Ahead

International Trade Agreements as Tools to Growth

The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

The World Trade Organization

Multiregional Partnerships

The Americas




Middle East

Ports’ Growth and the Global Trade Agreements Matrix

Ports and Ships as Derived Demand: Traffic Forecasting

Ports and the Principles of Derived Demand

Shipping, Ports, and the Ripple Effect

Optimum Size and Economies of Scale

Capacity Utilization, Capacity Management, and Capacity Planning: Ports’ Technology and Innovation

Capacity Utilization, Capacity Management, and Capacity Planning

Port Capacity and Competition

Port Technology and Innovation


Strategic Alliances, Market Positioning, and Differentiation

Developing Holistic Market Positioning and Differentiation

Port Strategies and the Components of Holistic Marketing

Aligning Workforce with the Port’s Brand Promise

Port Marketing Strategy and Competitive Positioning

Market Strategy

Strategic Alliances, Joint Ventures, Mergers, and Acquisitions: The Economic Patterns of Market Response

Ports’ Strategic Alliances

Ports’ Joint Ventures

Ports’ Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A)

Competition and Conflict Prevention

Port and Terminal Competition

Conflict Prevention

Establishing Long-Term Value through Customer Loyalty

Redefining Business Loyalty in the Shipping Industry

The Benefits of Practicing Loyal Marketing

Measuring Customer Loyalty

Target Markets and Competitive Positioning


Key Performance Indicators as Tools of Strategic Planning and Management

Strategic Planning, Development, and Management: Exceeding the Corporate Objectives

Port Pricing Strategies: Tariff Changing and Competitiveness

The Shipping Demand Paradox

Port Pricing

Pricing Systems and Price-Setting Considerations

KPIs: Measuring Financial and Operational Performance

Port Equipment and Berth Facilities: Operations, Maintenance, and Depreciation

Port Cargo Handling Equipment (CHE)

The "Port Equipment List"

IT, Logistics, and Operational Port Equipment

Depreciation Methods

Performance Management and the Human Factor

Performance Management

The Human Factor in Port Performance

Human Factor—Survey Analysis


Leadership and Teambuilding

Leadership and Teambuilding Compliance: STCW, the Manila Amendments

Leadership and Teamwork


Redefining Leadership and Teamwork through Leadership Styles

Employee Motivation, Training, and Development

Leadership and Teambuilding Assessment, Drills, and Brainstorming Exercises


Port Authorities and Regulatory Framework

ISM: International Safety Management

ISPS: International Ship and Port Facility Security Code

OHSAS and OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration

VGP: Vessel General Permit by the US Environmental Protection Agency

ISO 14001: Environmental Management System

HAZMAT: Hazardous Materials; HAZWOPER: Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response

BWM: Ballast Water Management

Incident Investigation and Root Cause Analysis

Inspections, Surveys, and Audits

Global and National Regulatory Compliance for Ships


Ports as a Bridge to Maritime and Offshore Energy Activities

Port Operations and Offshore Drilling: When Performance Exceeds Ambition

Regulatory Harmonization among Ports, the Offshore Industry, and OSVs

OSVs: The Link between Ports and Offshore Exploration Activities

Offshore Regulations in the United States


The Future of Ports

Port Development Strategy: Elements of Long-Term Strategic Planning

Strategic Port Planning

Tactical Port Planning

Port Planning and the Factors of Production

Forecasting the Market

Port Management and Forecasting Areas

The Risk Element in Forecasting

Forecasting Methods and Tools

Leading the Way



About the Author

Prof. Maria G. Burns serves as the Director for the Center for Logistics & Transportation Policy, University of Houston, and as Lead of Workforce Development and Researcher in the DHS Center of Excellence for Borders, Trade and Immigration Research, led by the University of Houston. She is the author of the books Port Management & Operations (2014); Logistics & Transportation Security (2015), and Energy Security & Critical Infrastructure (2016). She is an Honorary Member in the US Coast Guard Auxiliary, and Member in the Private Sector Advisory Council (PSAC), whose role is to advise the Governor of Texas in matters of security.

In 2016, Prof. Burns received the "Excellence in Emergency Management Award" by the Emergency Management Association of Texas (EMAT). She has developed a series of training manuals approved by the US Coast Guard NMC. She is a Certified Auditor for Security (ISPS), Safety (ISM), Quality (ISO9001), and the Environment (ISO14001). She serves as Chair in the Supply Chain Security Subcommittee of the National Academies, Washington DC, and Member of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME), and the International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Military / General
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / City Planning & Urban Development