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Port Management and Operations




ISBN 9781482206753
Published July 21, 2014 by CRC Press
406 Pages - 121 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

With 80 percent of the world’s commodities being transported by water, ports are the pillars of the global economy. Port Management and Operations offers readers the opportunity to enhance their strategic thinking and problem-solving skills, while developing market foresight. It examines global port management practices at the regulatory, commercial, technological, operational, financial, and sociopolitical levels.

This powerful sourcebook describes how seaports are being affected by the changes occurring nationally, regionally, and globally. Evaluating the new regulatory framework, it pinpoints the industry’s implementation readiness and identifies potential problem areas. The book classifies the spectrum of interrelated port management principles, strategies, and activities in a logical sequence and under four cornerstones—Port Strategy and Structure, Legal and Regulatory Framework, Input: Factors of Production, and Output and Economic Framework.

Detailing best practices and the latest industry developments, the book highlights emerging challenges for port managers and identifies opportunities to develop forward-thinking strategies. It examines the effectiveness of current strategies, tactics, tools, and resources of numerous global ports and highlights the necessity of adopting a proactive stance in harmonizing the laws, regulations, and policies pertaining to the maritime, oil, and gas industries.

The shipping industry has myriad complexities and this book provides maritime managers and professionals with the wide-ranging and up-to-date understanding required to thrive in today’s highly competitive and evolving environment.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Port Management and Operations: Strategy in the Throes of a Transition 
     Port Authorities, Departments and Activities 
     Ports’ Strategy in the Throes of a Transition
The History of Ports: Advanced Thinking, Planning, and Development 
     Ports’ History and Etymology: A Passage, a Journey, and a Haven 
     Advanced Thinking: National Ports, Diplomacy, and Economy 
     Ports’ History, Planning, and Development
Port Ownership, Structure, and Organization 
     Forms of Port Ownership, Structure, and Organization 
     Port Governance 
     Port Ownership and Structural Types 
     Port Privatization
Port Workforce: Productivity, Growth, and Empowerment Strategies 
     Measuring Productivity, Throughput, and Growth 
     The Econometrics of Labor and Production 
     Port Growth, Productivity, and Empowerment
References

Connecting Hub Port Gateways to the Inland Infrastructure
Logistics Integration of Port Activities 
     The Five Stages of Integration for the Maritime Industry
Strategic Location and Market Accessibility for Existing and Emerging Seaports
     Ports’ Success Factors
Supply Chain Opportunities, Competition, and Conflict Prevention
References

Port Management and Economic Growth
Establishing a Port’s Competitive Edge in a Niche World 
     Comparative Advantage, Competitive Advantage, Absolute Advantage and Niche: Better, the Best or Simply Different?
Economic Growth as the Space between Stimulus and Response 
     Physical versus Strategic Growth 
     Trade, Protectionism, and Free Trade
Risk Assessment (RA) and Risk Management (RM): How Far Can We Go?
     The Risk Assessment Methodologies 
     Risk and Business Longevity
References

Port Operations
Port Management Services: Terminal Operators; Property Leasing Opportunities 
     Port Management Services and Operations 
     The Harbormaster’s Department and Functions 
     Terminal Manager 
     Vessels’ Planning 
     The Four Stages of Port Management and Operations 
     Marine Terminal Operator (MTO) Agreements and Leasing Opportunities 
     Marine Terminal Operators and Leasing Opportunities: Case Studies
Berths, Facilities, and Equipment 
     Berth Performance versus Capacity 
     Port Operations: The Place where Capacity and Performance Meet
The Port and Charter Party Terms 
     Charter Party Types 
     Charter Party Clauses and Areas of Dispute 
     The Port and Charter Party Terms
Shipyards 
     Introduction: The Global Shipbuilding Market 
     The Utility of Shipbuilding
     The Components of Shipbuilding 
     Intellectual Property Rights 
     The History of Shipbuilding 
     Reasons for Shipyards Losing Market Share 
     Contemporary Shipbuilding Trends
     Shipbuilding and Oil Market Analysis 
     Global Market Analysis 
     Conclusions
Port Agents: Liner Services, Tramp Trade, and Offshore Support Agents 
     FONASBA
     Agency Selection and Practices 
     Port Agency Responsibilities
     General Agency Duties, for Tramp, Liner, and Logistics Services
Port-Related Claims and Legal Liabilities 
     Conflict Resolution: Arbitration versus Court of Law 
     Port-Related Claims and Charter Party Clause Interpretation 
     Port or Berth Charter Party 
     Nominating a "Safe Port" 
     When a "Safe Port" becomes "Temporarily Unsafe" 
     When Communication becomes a Prerequisite to Port Safety 
     Stevedore Damage and Bills of Lading Stipulations
     Safe Port, Security, and Loss of Time 
     Ship’s Off-Hire, Time Lost, and Piracy Clauses
Multimodal Transportation
References

Port and Terminal Investment
Public versus Private Investment
Return on Investment and the Impact on Trade Growth
Port Subsidies and Investment: Challenges and Opportunities 
     Port Subsidies 
     Foreign Investment
References

Ships’ Size, Ports’ Size: A New Era Ahead
International Trade Agreements as Tools to Growth
     The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 
     The World Trade Organization
      Multiregional Partnerships 
     The Americas 
     Asia 
     Africa 
     Europe
     Middle East 
     Ports’ Growth and the Global Trade Agreements Matrix
Ports and Ships as Derived Demand: Traffic Forecasting 
     Ports and the Principles of Derived Demand 
     Shipping, Ports, and the Ripple Effect 
     Optimum Size and Economies of Scale
Capacity Utilization, Capacity Management, and Capacity Planning: Ports’ Technology and Innovation 
     Capacity Utilization, Capacity Management, and Capacity Planning
     Port Capacity and Competition 
     Port Technology and Innovation
References

Strategic Alliances, Market Positioning, and Differentiation
Developing Holistic Market Positioning and Differentiation 
     Port Strategies and the Components of Holistic Marketing 
     Aligning Workforce with the Port’s Brand Promise
Port Marketing Strategy and Competitive Positioning
     Market Strategy
Strategic Alliances, Joint Ventures, Mergers, and Acquisitions: The Economic Patterns of Market Response 
     Ports’ Strategic Alliances 
     Ports’ Joint Ventures
     Ports’ Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A)
Competition and Conflict Prevention 
     Port and Terminal Competition
     Conflict Prevention
Establishing Long-Term Value through Customer Loyalty 
     Redefining Business Loyalty in the Shipping Industry 
     The Benefits of Practicing Loyal Marketing
     Measuring Customer Loyalty
     Target Markets and Competitive Positioning
References

Key Performance Indicators as Tools of Strategic Planning and Management
Strategic Planning, Development, and Management: Exceeding the Corporate Objectives
Port Pricing Strategies: Tariff Changing and Competitiveness 
     The Shipping Demand Paradox 
     Port Pricing
     Pricing Systems and Price-Setting Considerations
KPIs: Measuring Financial and Operational Performance
Port Equipment and Berth Facilities: Operations, Maintenance, and Depreciation 
     Port Cargo Handling Equipment (CHE) 
     The "Port Equipment List" 
     IT, Logistics, and Operational Port Equipment 
     Depreciation Methods
Performance Management and the Human Factor
     Performance Management 
     The Human Factor in Port Performance 
     Human Factor—Survey Analysis
References

Leadership and Teambuilding
Leadership and Teambuilding Compliance: STCW, the Manila Amendments 
     Leadership and Teamwork
     Motivation
     Redefining Leadership and Teamwork through Leadership Styles
Employee Motivation, Training, and Development
Leadership and Teambuilding Assessment, Drills, and Brainstorming Exercises
References

Port Authorities and Regulatory Framework
ISM: International Safety Management
ISPS: International Ship and Port Facility Security Code
OHSAS and OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration
VGP: Vessel General Permit by the US Environmental Protection Agency
ISO 14001: Environmental Management System
HAZMAT: Hazardous Materials; HAZWOPER: Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response
BWM: Ballast Water Management
Incident Investigation and Root Cause Analysis
Inspections, Surveys, and Audits
Global and National Regulatory Compliance for Ships
References

Ports as a Bridge to Maritime and Offshore Energy Activities
Port Operations and Offshore Drilling: When Performance Exceeds Ambition
Regulatory Harmonization among Ports, the Offshore Industry, and OSVs 
     OSVs: The Link between Ports and Offshore Exploration Activities 
     Offshore Regulations in the United States
References

The Future of Ports
Port Development Strategy: Elements of Long-Term Strategic Planning 
     Strategic Port Planning
     Tactical Port Planning 
     Port Planning and the Factors of Production
Forecasting the Market 
     Port Management and Forecasting Areas 
     The Risk Element in Forecasting 
     Forecasting Methods and Tools
Leading the Way
References
Index

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Author(s)

Biography

Prof. Maria G. Burns serves as the Director for the Center for Logistics & Transportation Policy, University of Houston, and as Lead of Workforce Development and Researcher in the DHS Center of Excellence for Borders, Trade and Immigration Research, led by the University of Houston. She is the author of the books Port Management & Operations (2014); Logistics & Transportation Security (2015), and Energy Security & Critical Infrastructure (2016). She is an Honorary Member in the US Coast Guard Auxiliary, and Member in the Private Sector Advisory Council (PSAC), whose role is to advise the Governor of Texas in matters of security.

In 2016, Prof. Burns received the "Excellence in Emergency Management Award" by the Emergency Management Association of Texas (EMAT). She has developed a series of training manuals approved by the US Coast Guard NMC. She is a Certified Auditor for Security (ISPS), Safety (ISM), Quality (ISO9001), and the Environment (ISO14001). She serves as Chair in the Supply Chain Security Subcommittee of the National Academies, Washington DC, and Member of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME), and the International Association of Maritime Economists (IAME).

Reviews

"Port Management and Operations ... a manual filled with insights and strategies into the world of shipping ... (it) provides readers with a new set of skills and perspective."

—#3 Ranked book among the "Seven Books to Better Understand the Shipping Industry," per The Maritime Executive (August 2017)

"This powerful sourcebook offers readers the opportunity to enhance their strategic thinking and problem solving skills, while developing market foresight."

—Rated among the "Top 8 Maritime & Port Management Books" per Marine Insight

"Maria Burns has done it again! In this first class Port Management and Maritime resource book, she demonstrates once more her ability to blend practical and useful information into a compilation of real-world commercial scenarios. This innovative approach will make this book a scientific and commercial success!"
—Niels A. Aalund, Senior Vice President, West Gulf Maritime Association; and Chairman, Houston Maritime Museum

"Professor Burns has meticulously authored a book with knowledge and enthusiasm. She efficiently takes the pulse of the supply chain, consisting of canals, ports, ship owners, and the global logistics networks, in an effort to identify the current and future trends. ... manages to bring together a plethora of disciplines, sciences, and concepts, and explain the reason for the industry’s developments over different time periods. Under the principle that history repeats itself, her comprehensive examination of past trends can be used by the readers as a useful tool to speculate potential future developments."
—Yira A. Flores Naylor, Communications and Historic Documentation Section, Panama Canal Authorities

"In such a hectic and complicated world of global trade, Professor Burns succeeds in doing the almost impossible—giving a powerful and up-to-date description and forecast on the subject, that no port manager at any level can afford to miss."
—Mendi Zaltzman, CEO, Port of Haifa, Israel

"... maps out the multidisciplinary practices of port management and operations, as well as the distinctive contribution of the shipping industry to the global economy, through trade and development. ... The outstanding contribution of this book is to reveal the role of seaports as a critical component of modern supply chains, enhanced with guidance into the significance of strategic and tactical port planning, modern maritime professions, working practices, and trends that are frequently only vaguely understood, if not completely overlooked. ... a well-written expository book of port management and shipping practices, which is truly accessible to everyone."
—Nicky Pappadakis, President Emeritus, Intercargo

"The author extols the key role of the shipping industry and ports as a point of creation, investment, and as a tool of prosperity and job opportunity in general. An approach of this kind is innovative, informative, and of great value for maritime professionals—I highly recommend this book!"
Captain Sotiris Shinas, Marine Manager of EURONAV and Deputy Marine Division Director of CERES Hellenic Shipping

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