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This book explores current thinking about positive security and seeks to suggest a reformulated positive security concept, and to evaluate the efficacy of such a concept in terms of foreign and security policy.
Proceeding from a critical evaluation of McSweeney’s positive security approach, the author assesses the potential for reformulating positive security in other existing theoretical approaches: the Copenhagen School, the Welsh School, and largely Galtungian-defined Peace Studies and finally proposes a formulation of positive security defined as the ability of ‘orders’ (security referent objects) to achieve/maintain ‘just’ values, and secondly tackle the highly contentious issue of the use of force in the securing of these values.
In equating Positive Security with the achievement/maintenance of just values, the book, although locating itself within a tradition that is committed to ways of promoting equitable and cooperative relations between humans and human communities, will also seek to pose contentious questions of violent- as well as non-violent transformations.
This book will be of interest to students and scholars of international relations, critical security and peace studies.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. The Dublin School: Positive Security as Ontological Security 3. The Copenhagen School: Positive Security as Desecuritization 4. The Aberystwyth School: Positive Security as Emancipation 5. A Return to Peace Studies? Positive Security and Positive Peace 6. (Re)Formulating Positive Security: ‘Just’ Values, Gender, and Resistance 7. Positive Security and the Use of Force 8. Conclusion
Gunhild Hoogensen Gjørv is Professor of International Relations at the Arctic University of Norway.
Ali Bilgic is Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at Loughborough University, UK.