Practical Engineering Failure Analysis: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Practical Engineering Failure Analysis

1st Edition

By Hani M. Tawancy, Anwar Ul-Hamid, Nureddin M. Abbas

CRC Press

616 pages

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Hardback: 9780824757427
pub: 2004-08-30
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Description

Filling a gap in the literature, Practical Engineering Failure Analysis vividly demonstrates the correct methodology to conduct successful failure analyses, as well as offering the background necessary for these investigations. This authoritative reference covers procedures to reduce the occurrence of component failures due to errors in material selection, design, and manufacturing, as well as fatigue, stress, cracking, creep, and operating conditions.

A single-source tool to help professionals avoid costly system failures, improve plant operation and system reliability, and prevent accidents related to component malfunction

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Engineering Products and Their Performance

Engineering Properties of Materials

Classes of Engineering Alloys

Structure of Engineering Alloys

Failure of Engineering Products

Imperfect vs. Defective Products

Definition and Objective of Failure Analysis Investigations

Approach to Failure Analysis Investigations

Background Requirements of the Failure Analyst: Scope of the Book

ENGINEERING DESIGN-FABRICATION-PERFORMANCE

Introduction

Stages of Engineering Design

Material Selection

Fabrication of Engineering Alloys

Solidification of Ingots

Cold Working

Recrystallization

Thermomechanical Processing

Primary Fabrication Techniques

Secondary Fabrication Techniques

Joining Techniques

Service Performance

Common Causes of Failure

PRINCIPLES OF MECHANICS

Introduction

Concepts of Mechanics

Concepts of Mechanical Force

Concepts of Work and Energy

Force and Motion

Conservation of Energy

Concept of Machines

State of Mechanical Equilibrium

Concept of Strain

Concept of Stress

Hook's Law

PROPERTY EVALUATION

Introduction

Nondestructive Tests

Destructive Tests: Measurement of Mechanical Properties

STRESS ANALYSIS

Introduction

Uniaxial State of Stress

Generalized State of Stress

Multiaxial Stress-Strain Relationship

Loading Conditions and Stress

Thermal Stress

Type of Stress Required to Produce Plastic Deformation

Maximum Stresses

Design Stresses

Criterion for the Onset of Plastic Deformation (Yielding)

Stress Concentration

Criteria for Mechanical Failure

Applications: Analysis of Stresses in Specific Components

Solved Problems

MACROSCOPIC ASPECTS OF FRACTURE AND FRACTURE MECHANICS

Definition of Fracture

Objective of Fracture Mechanics

Use of the Terms Brittle and Ductile in Fracture

Crack Loading Modes and Macroscopic Morphology of Fracture Surfaces

Crack Propagation Under a Plane Strain Condition

Crack Propagation Under a Plane Stress Condition

Crack Propagation Under a Mixed State of Plane Strain and Stress

Sequence of Events Leading to Fracture

Classification of Crack Propagation Modes According to Loading Conditions

Variables Affecting Fracture Behavior

Basic Principles of Fracture Mechanics

Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics (LEFM)

Use of Fracture Mechanics in Design

Concept of Allowable Crack Size

Use of Fracture Mechanics in Failure Analysis

Selection of Materials Resistant to Fracture

STRUCTURE OF ENGINEERING ALLOYS

Introduction

Principles of Thermodynamics

Elements of Internal Structure

Structure of the Atom

Significance of the Electronic Structure of Atom

Electronic Structure and Chemical Properties: Classes of Elements

Origin of Interatomic Binding Forces

Types of Interatomic Binding Forces

Bond Strength and Properties of Materials

Arrangement of Atoms in Perfect Crystals

Understanding the Microscopic Plasticity of Perfect Crystals

Crystal Imperfections

Understanding the Microscopic Plasticity of Real Crystals

Alloy Phases and Phase Change

Equilibrium Phase Diagrams

Methods of Strengthening Engineering Alloys

MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction

Techniques for Microstructural Characterization

Techniques for Chemical Analysis

Microstructural Engineering Alloys

CORROSION

Introduction

Low-Temperature Aqueous Corrosion

High-Temperature Corrosion

METALLURGICAL ASPECTS OF FRACTURE AND FRACTOGRAPHY

Introduction

Microscopic Aspects of Crack Nucleation

Microscopic Mechanisms of Crack Propagation

Fracture Modes and Fractography

FAILURE ANALYSIS PROCEDURE

Introduction

Definition of the Problem

Technical Background

Experimental Program and Analysis

Mode of Failure vs. Cause of Failure

Data Interpretation and Terminology

Recommendations

Failure Analysis Reports

CASE STUDIES

Introduction

Failure of Engineering Alloys Due to Improper Processing Practice

Failure of Engineering Products During Manufacturing

Effect of Variations in Design on Service Performance

Failure of Engineering Products During Service Because of Unanticipated Service Conditions

Failure of Engineering Products During Service Because of Improper Material Selection

Failure of Engineering Products During Service Because of Improper Service Conditions

APPENDIX A: CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SELECTED STEELS

APPENDIX B: UNITS OF MEASUREMENTS IN MECHANICS

APPENDIX C: MOMENT OF INERTIA OF SELECTED CROSS SECTIONS

INDEX

About the Series

Mechanical Engineering

A Series of Textbooks and Reference Books

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009060
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TEC032000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Quality Control