Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry

2nd Edition

By Malcolm A. Kelland

CRC Press

454 pages | 259 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-03-13
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Description

Production chemistry issues result from changes in well stream fluids, both liquid and gaseous, during processing. Since crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids, it is essential for production chemists to have a range of chemical additives available for rectifying issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved. Modern production methods, the need to upgrade crude oils of variable quality, and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. Thus, oilfield production chemicals are necessary to overcome or minimize the effects of the production chemistry problems.

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry, Second Edition discusses a wide variety of production chemicals used by the oil and gas industry for down-hole and topside applications both onshore and offshore. Incorporating the large amount of research and applications since the first edition, this new edition reviews all past and present classes of production chemicals, providing numerous difficult-to-obtain references, especially SPE papers and patents. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field, this book focuses on the specific structures of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance—information that is very useful for research and development.

Each updated chapter begins by introducing a problem, such as scale or corrosion, for which there is a production chemical. The author then briefly discusses all chemical and nonchemical methods to treat the problem and provides in-depth descriptions of the structural classes of relevant production chemicals. He also mentions, when available, the environmental properties of chemicals and whether the chemical or technique has been successfully used in the field. This edition includes two new chapters and nearly 50 percent more references.

Table of Contents

Control of Naphthenate and Other Carboxylate Fouling

Introduction

Naphthenate Deposition Control Using Acids

Low-Dosage Naphthenate Inhibitors

References

Corrosion Control during Production

Introduction

Methods of Corrosion Control

Corrosion Inhibitors

Film-Forming Corrosion Inhibitors

References

Gas Hydrate Control

Introduction

Chemical Prevention of Hydrate Plugging

Gas Hydrate Plug Removal

References

Wax (Paraffin Wax) Control

Introduction

Wax Control Strategies

Chemical Wax Removal

Chemical Wax Prevention

References

Demulsifiers

Introduction

Methods of Demulsification

Water-in-Oil Demulsifiers

References

Foam Control

Introduction

Defoamers and Antifoams

References

Flocculants

Introduction

Theory of Flocculation

Flocculants

References

Biocides

Introduction

Chemicals for Control of Bacteria

Biocides

Biostats (Control "Biocides" or Metabolic Inhibitors)

Summary

References

Hydrogen Sulfide Scavengers

Introduction

Nonregenerative H2S Scavengers

Summary

References

Oxygen Scavengers

Introduction

Classes of Oxygen Scavengers

References

Drag-Reducing Agents

Introduction

Drag-Reducing Agent Mechanisms

Oil-Soluble DRAs

Water-Soluble DRAs

References

Chemicals for Hydrotesting

Introduction

Hydrotesting Formulations

References

Foamers for Gas Well Deliquification

Introduction

Properties and Classes of Foamers

References

Appendix 1: OSPAR Environmental Regulations for Oilfield Chemicals

Index

About the Author

Malcolm A. Kelland obtained a first class honors degree in chemistry and a DPhil in organometallic chemistry from Oxford University, UK. He worked at RF-Rogaland Research (now the International Research of Stavanger, IRIS), Norway, from 1991 to 2000 mostly on production chemistry projects. He moved to the University of Stavanger (UiS), Norway, in 2001, where he is currently professor of inorganic chemistry. His current research is in designing and testing more environmentally friendly LDHIs as well as other projects on new scale inhibitors and other crystal growth inhibitors in and outside the oil industry. He is also the chief scientific officer for Eco Inhibitors, a spin-off company from UiS that consults on oilfield chemicals and licenses several new LDHIs.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical