Psychological Perspectives on Praise
Praise is perhaps the most widely used technique to influence others. When used appropriately, praise can motivate people, make them feel better, and improve their social relationships. Often, however, praise fails to work as intended and may even cause harm. Psychological Perspectives on Praise reviews and integrates psychological theory and research to provide an overarching perspective on praise.
With contributions from leading scholars in the field, this book amalgamates diverse theoretical and empirical perspectives on praise. The book starts with providing an overview of prominent theories that seek to explain the effects of praise, including self-enhancement theory, self-verification theory, attribution theory, and self-determination theory. It then discusses several lines of empirical research on how praise impacts competence and motivation, self-perceptions (e.g., self-esteem and narcissism), and social relationships. It does so in a range of contexts, including children’s learning at school, employees’ commitment at work, and people’s behavior within romantic relationships. The book concludes by showing how praise can be understood in its developmental and cultural context.
Revealing that praise is a message rich in information about ourselves and our social environments, this book will be of interest to social, organizational, personality, developmental, and educational psychologists; students in psychology and related disciplines; and practitioners including teachers, managers, and counselors who use praise in their daily practice.
List of figures
List of contributors
Foreword: Praise in the Egosystem and the Ecosystem
PART I: CENTRAL THEORIES
1. Praise from a self-enhancement perspective: More, I want more?
Frederik Anseel and Elena Martinescu
2. The saboteur within: Self-verification strivings can make praise toxic
Ashwini Ashokkumar and William B. Swann, Jr.
3. An attributional approach to teacher praise
Sandra Graham and Xiaochen Chen
4. Understanding the complexity of praise through the lens of self-determination theory
Bart Soenens and Maarten Vansteenkiste
PART II: COMPETENCE AND MOTIVATION
5. The effects of praise on children’s intrinsic motivation revisited
Jennifer Henderlong Corpus and Kayla Good
6. When praise—versus criticism—motivates goal pursuit
Lauren Eskreis-Winkler and Ayelet Fishbach
7. Paradoxical effects of praise: A transactional model
Eddie Brummelman and Carol S. Dweck
PART III: SELF-PERCEPTIONS
8. Learning about others to learn about the self: Early reasoning about the informativeness of others’ praise
Mika Asaba and Hyowon Gweon
9. "You’re good enough, you’re smart enough, and doggone it, people like you:" Differing reactions to praise among people with higher and lower self-esteem
Linden R. Timoney and Joanne V. Wood
10. Can praise contribute to narcissism in children?
Eddie Brummelman and Stathis Grapsas
PART IV: SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
11. Praise and relationship security
Edward P. Lemay, Jr.
12. Praise and prosocial behavior
Duane Rudy and Joan E. Grusec
13. Praise and the development of reputation management
Gail D. Heyman
14. Evaluative feedback expresses and reinforces cultural stereotypes
Andrea C. Vial and Andrei Cimpian
PART V: DEVELOPMENT AND CULTURE
15. Developmental psychology of praise
Sander Thomaes and Patty Leijten
16. The role of culture in parents’ responses to children’s performance: The case of the West and East Asia
Eva M. Pomerantz, Janice Ng, and Florrie Fei-yin Ng