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Radiation in Medicine and Biology




ISBN 9789814745925
Published May 8, 2017 by Jenny Stanford Publishing
218 Pages 13 Color & 52 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

This book focuses on the conventional and emerging applications of radiations, which include radio waves and ultraviolet and gamma radiations. It discusses new techniques in radiation therapy and the effects of ionizing radiations on biological systems. The applications of radiations in the synthesis and use of nanoparticles along with the effects of hypergravity indicate a new trend. The book offers a concise account of the latest studies carried out so far and shows the new initiatives to be undertaken in the field of medicine and biology. It covers the medical use of radiations, such as ferrous sulfate–benzoic acid–xylenol orange dosimetry, Co-60 tomotherapy, radio-electro-chemotherapy, and fractional radiotherapy, and radiobiological effects, such as the effects of cell phone radiations on human health parameters and the combined effects of radiations and hypergravity on plants.

Table of Contents

NEW TECHNIQUES IN RADIATION THERAPY

Generation of Bremsstrahlung Radiation from Different Low- to High-Z Targets for Medical Applications: A Simulation Approach
Bhushankumar Jagnnath Patil, Vasant Nagesh Bhoraskar, and Sanjay Daga Dhole

The Investigation of Cobalt-60 Tomotherapy
Chandra P. Joshi, Pandit B. Vidyasagar, and L. John Schreiner

Ferrous Sulfate–Benzoic Acid–Xylenol Orange Chemical Dosimetry System in Radiotherapy
Manoj K. Semwal and Pandit B. Vidyasagar

Radiobiological Effects in Fractionated Radiotherapy of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients
Arumugham Balraj, Pandit B. Vidyasagar, N. Chakravarty, P. K. Thakur, and S. Bhatnagar

Radio-Electro-Chemotherapy of Cancer: New Perspectives for Cancer Treatment
Pratip Shil, Pandit B. Vidyasagar, and Kaushala Prasad Mishra

Motivation to Explore New Techniques for Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles and Their Immense Importance in Biological and Medicinal Applications
Kashinath A. Bogle, Vasant N. Bhoraskar, Sanjay D. Dhole, Megha P. Mahabole, and Rajendra S. Khairnar

Gold Nanoparticle–Assisted Radiation Therapy
Prabhakar Dongre

EFFECTS OF IONIZING RADIATIONS ON BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS

The Combined Effect of Hyper-Gravity and Gamma-Irradiation on Physiology of Wheat
Seedlings
Sandhya Singh, Sagar S. Jagtap, and Pandit B. Vidyasagar

The Study of the Effect of UV-C Radiation on the Current–Voltage Characteristics of Chitosan Membranes
Ni Nyoman Rupiasih, Made Sumadiyasa, and Putu Erika Winasri

Investigating Effects of Radiation Due to Cell Phones on Health Parameters of Youngsters during Continuous Conversation
Sakharam D. Aghav and Pandit B. Vidyasagar

...
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Editor(s)

Biography

Pandit B. Vidyasagar is vice-chancellor at Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University, Maharashtra, India. He has 30 years’ teaching and research experience. He has published several research articles and authored and edited books on the foundation course in physics, computed tomography, scientists’ biographies, education, and popularization of science. Prof. Vidyasagar has received several awards at the national level and regular and senior associateship from the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Italy. He has held coveted positions at Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), Maharashtra, India.

Sagar S. Jagtap is assistant professor in the Department of Physics, Haribhai V. Desai College, affiliated to SPPU. He obtained his MSc and PhD degrees in physics from the Department of Physics, SPPU. His research interests include the effects of altered gravity on biological systems, radiation therapy, and chlorophyll–nanoparticle interaction.

Omprakash Yemul is associate professor in the School of Chemical Sciences, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada University. He obtained his PhD from National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India. He has 18 years’ experience in the research and development of polymers and their applications. Dr. Yemul has worked in the United States and Japan as well as in the chemical industry at different managerial positions

Reviews

"I congratulate all involved in this book for taking a step that has the potential to show direction to young physicists what lies ahead, a vast ocean indeed, when they enter the arena of bio-medical sciences. Happy reading."
—Dr. Madan M. Rehani, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA

"I am immensely impressed with the wide range of frontline topics covered in this fascinating book devoted to cancer radiotherapy. Needless to say, the rich contents of the book will prove to be a good reference and will help catalyze future advances in the improvement of the radiation therapy of cancer patients."
—Dr. K. P. Mishra, Former Senior Scientist and Head, Radiation Biology and Health Sciences Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India

"This book provides an updated outlook on the conventional applications of radiation, from radio waves to UV and gamma-ray, in the context of therapy and effects of ionizing radiation to biological systems. As part of this update, the medical use of radiation such as DBX dosimetry, cobalt-60 tomotherapy, RF electrotherapy, fractional radiotherapy, and radiobiological effects are also covered. Two new contributions made by this edited book are the discussions on emerging applications of nanoparticles and hypergravity."

−Silvano Donati, University of Pavia, Italy