Radioactive Air Sampling Methods: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Radioactive Air Sampling Methods

1st Edition

Edited by Mark L. Maiello, Mark D. Hoover

CRC Press

600 pages | 130 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849397172
pub: 2010-10-18
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Description

Although the field of radioactive air sampling has matured and evolved over decades, it has lacked a single resource that assimilates technical and background information on its many facets. Edited by experts and with contributions from top practitioners and researchers, Radioactive Air Sampling Methods provides authoritative guidance on measuring airborne radioactivity from industrial, research, and nuclear power operations, as well as naturally occuring radioactivity in the environment.

Designed for industrial hygienists, air quality experts, and heath physicists, the book delves into the applied research advancing and transforming practice with improvements to measurement equipment, human dose modeling of inhaled radioactivity, and radiation safety regulations. To present a wide picture of the field, it covers the international and national standards that guide the quality of air sampling measurements and equipment. It discusses emergency response issues, including radioactive fallout and the assets used to assess airborne radioactive emergencies.

The book includes a comprehensive series of air sampling methods for commonly encountered radioactive isotopes in the industrial environment that detail the steps to conducting a proper air sampling study. With coverage of fundamental air sampling techniques and practical knowledge, the book provides insight into the contemporary thinking of experts, the maturity of the field, and its deep literature base. Building a bridge between the science behind air sampling and its practice, itsupplies the know-how required to achieve technically rigorous air sampling data.

Reviews

"I find this book very interesting and very useful."

—Adan M. Pena, HEALTH PHYSICS, DEC 2011, VOL 101, #6

Table of Contents

Objectives, Safety Issues, Standards, and a Life-Cycle Approach for Sampling Airborne Radioactivity

Objectives for Sampling Airborne Radioactivity, M.D. Hoover, G.J. Newton, and M.L. Maiello

Radiation Safety Issues for Air Sampling, M.L. Maiello and M.D. Hoover

Standards, Guidelines, Regulations, and Recommendations for Measuring Airborne Radioactivity, M.D. Hoover, M. Cox, C.G. Jones, L. Grivaud, M.L. Johnson, M.L. Maiello, and G.J. Newton

A Life-Cycle Approach to Development and Application of Air Sampling Methods and Instrumentation, M.D. Hoover and M. Cox

Fundamentals of Radioactivity and Radioactive Aerosols

Review of Radioactivity, Detection, and Measurement, M.L. Maiello

The Physics of Aerosols, E. Sajo

Behavior of Radioactive Aerosols and Gases, M.D. Hoover

Filtration, M.D. Hoover

Behavior of Radon and its Decay Products, P. Jenkins

Internal Dosimetry of Inhaled Radioactive Aerosols, C.A. Potter

Fundamentals of Sampling System Design and Operation for Airborne Radioactivity

Basic Air Sampling Equipment, M.L. Maiello

Calibration of Air Samplers and Monitors, J.T. Voss and J.J. Whicker

Appendix A: Generic Calibration Procedure, J.T. Voss and J.J. Whicker

Appendix B: A Multiple-Frame-of-Reference Method for Rotameter Correction Factors, M.D. Hoover

Principles of Air Sampler Placement in the Workplace, J.J. Whicker

The Practice of Continuous Air Monitoring for Alpha-Emitting Radionuclides, J.C. Rodgers

Principles of Sampling Airborne Radioactivity from Stacks, J. Glissmeyer

Methods for Comprehensive Characterization of Radioactive Aerosols: A Graded Approach, M.D. Hoover

Nonroutine Radioactive Air Sampling

Emergency Situation Air Sampling, R.B. Hayes

Appendix: First Responder Radiological Monitoring, T.F. O’Connell and S.P. Clendenin

Monitoring Nuclear Fallout, H.L. Beck

Example Air Sampling Methods for Airborne Radioactivity

Introduction to the Methods, M.L. Maiello and M.D. Hoover

Method 1: Determination of the Gross Alpha-Radioactivity Content of the Atmosphere

Method 2: Determination of the Gross Beta-Radioactivity Content of the Atmosphere

Method 3: Determination of the Tritiated Water Vapor Content of the Atmosphere

Method 4: Determination of the Elemental Tritium Content of the Atmosphere

Method 5: Determination of Carbon-14 in Air

Method 6: Determination of the Iodine-131 Content of the Atmosphere

Method 7: Sampling Air for Argon-41, Krypton-85, and Other Gamma-Emitting Radioactive Gases Using Gamma-Spectroscopy

Method 8: Determination of the 222Rn Content of the Atmosphere

Method 9: A Procedure for Continuous Air Monitoring of Plutonium

Method 10: Personal Air Sampling for Particulate Radioactivity

Method 11: Real-Time Breathing Zone Monitoring for Personal Respiratory Protection

Glossary, M.L. Maiello and M. Cox

Appendix: Radionuclide Characteristics, M.L. Maiello

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT011000
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC008000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electronics / General