1st Edition

Radioactive Air Sampling Methods

Edited By Mark L. Maiello, Mark D. Hoover Copyright 2010
    600 Pages 130 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Although the field of radioactive air sampling has matured and evolved over decades, it has lacked a single resource that assimilates technical and background information on its many facets. Edited by experts and with contributions from top practitioners and researchers, Radioactive Air Sampling Methods provides authoritative guidance on measuring airborne radioactivity from industrial, research, and nuclear power operations, as well as naturally occuring radioactivity in the environment.

    Designed for industrial hygienists, air quality experts, and heath physicists, the book delves into the applied research advancing and transforming practice with improvements to measurement equipment, human dose modeling of inhaled radioactivity, and radiation safety regulations. To present a wide picture of the field, it covers the international and national standards that guide the quality of air sampling measurements and equipment. It discusses emergency response issues, including radioactive fallout and the assets used to assess airborne radioactive emergencies.

    The book includes a comprehensive series of air sampling methods for commonly encountered radioactive isotopes in the industrial environment that detail the steps to conducting a proper air sampling study. With coverage of fundamental air sampling techniques and practical knowledge, the book provides insight into the contemporary thinking of experts, the maturity of the field, and its deep literature base. Building a bridge between the science behind air sampling and its practice, it supplies the know-how required to achieve technically rigorous air sampling data.

    Objectives, Safety Issues, Standards, and a Life-Cycle Approach for Sampling Airborne Radioactivity
    Objectives for Sampling Airborne Radioactivity, M.D. Hoover, G.J. Newton, and M.L. Maiello
    Radiation Safety Issues for Air Sampling, M.L. Maiello and M.D. Hoover
    Standards, Guidelines, Regulations, and Recommendations for Measuring Airborne Radioactivity, M.D. Hoover, M. Cox, C.G. Jones, L. Grivaud, M.L. Johnson, M.L. Maiello, and G.J. Newton
    A Life-Cycle Approach to Development and Application of Air Sampling Methods and Instrumentation, M.D. Hoover and M. Cox

    Fundamentals of Radioactivity and Radioactive Aerosols
    Review of Radioactivity, Detection, and Measurement, M.L. Maiello
    The Physics of Aerosols, E. Sajo
    Behavior of Radioactive Aerosols and Gases, M.D. Hoover
    Filtration, M.D. Hoover
    Behavior of Radon and its Decay Products, P. Jenkins
    Internal Dosimetry of Inhaled Radioactive Aerosols, C.A. Potter

    Fundamentals of Sampling System Design and Operation for Airborne Radioactivity
    Basic Air Sampling Equipment, M.L. Maiello
    Calibration of Air Samplers and Monitors, J.T. Voss and J.J. Whicker
    Appendix A: Generic Calibration Procedure, J.T. Voss and J.J. Whicker
    Appendix B: A Multiple-Frame-of-Reference Method for Rotameter Correction Factors, M.D. Hoover
    Principles of Air Sampler Placement in the Workplace, J.J. Whicker
    The Practice of Continuous Air Monitoring for Alpha-Emitting Radionuclides, J.C. Rodgers
    Principles of Sampling Airborne Radioactivity from Stacks, J. Glissmeyer
    Methods for Comprehensive Characterization of Radioactive Aerosols: A Graded Approach, M.D. Hoover

    Nonroutine Radioactive Air Sampling
    Emergency Situation Air Sampling, R.B. Hayes
    Appendix: First Responder Radiological Monitoring, T.F. O’Connell and S.P. Clendenin
    Monitoring Nuclear Fallout, H.L. Beck

    Example Air Sampling Methods for Airborne Radioactivity
    Introduction to the Methods, M.L. Maiello and M.D. Hoover
    Method 1: Determination of the Gross Alpha-Radioactivity Content of the Atmosphere
    Method 2: Determination of the Gross Beta-Radioactivity Content of the Atmosphere 
    Method 3: Determination of the Tritiated Water Vapor Content of the Atmosphere
    Method 4: Determination of the Elemental Tritium Content of the Atmosphere
    Method 5: Determination of Carbon-14 in Air
    Method 6: Determination of the Iodine-131 Content of the Atmosphere
    Method 7: Sampling Air for Argon-41, Krypton-85, and Other Gamma-Emitting Radioactive Gases Using Gamma-Spectroscopy
    Method 8: Determination of the 222Rn Content of the Atmosphere
    Method 9: A Procedure for Continuous Air Monitoring of Plutonium
    Method 10: Personal Air Sampling for Particulate Radioactivity
    Method 11: Real-Time Breathing Zone Monitoring for Personal Respiratory Protection
    Glossary, M.L. Maiello and M. Cox
    Appendix: Radionuclide Characteristics, M.L. Maiello


    Mark L. Maiello, Mark D. Hoover

    "I find this book very interesting and very useful."
    —Adan M. Pena, HEALTH PHYSICS, DEC 2011, VOL 101, #6