Radioactive Air Sampling Methods  book cover
1st Edition

Radioactive Air Sampling Methods

ISBN 9780849397172
Published October 18, 2010 by CRC Press
600 Pages 130 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Although the field of radioactive air sampling has matured and evolved over decades, it has lacked a single resource that assimilates technical and background information on its many facets. Edited by experts and with contributions from top practitioners and researchers, Radioactive Air Sampling Methods provides authoritative guidance on measuring airborne radioactivity from industrial, research, and nuclear power operations, as well as naturally occuring radioactivity in the environment.

Designed for industrial hygienists, air quality experts, and heath physicists, the book delves into the applied research advancing and transforming practice with improvements to measurement equipment, human dose modeling of inhaled radioactivity, and radiation safety regulations. To present a wide picture of the field, it covers the international and national standards that guide the quality of air sampling measurements and equipment. It discusses emergency response issues, including radioactive fallout and the assets used to assess airborne radioactive emergencies.

The book includes a comprehensive series of air sampling methods for commonly encountered radioactive isotopes in the industrial environment that detail the steps to conducting a proper air sampling study. With coverage of fundamental air sampling techniques and practical knowledge, the book provides insight into the contemporary thinking of experts, the maturity of the field, and its deep literature base. Building a bridge between the science behind air sampling and its practice, it supplies the know-how required to achieve technically rigorous air sampling data.

Table of Contents

Objectives, Safety Issues, Standards, and a Life-Cycle Approach for Sampling Airborne Radioactivity
Objectives for Sampling Airborne Radioactivity, M.D. Hoover, G.J. Newton, and M.L. Maiello
Radiation Safety Issues for Air Sampling, M.L. Maiello and M.D. Hoover
Standards, Guidelines, Regulations, and Recommendations for Measuring Airborne Radioactivity, M.D. Hoover, M. Cox, C.G. Jones, L. Grivaud, M.L. Johnson, M.L. Maiello, and G.J. Newton
A Life-Cycle Approach to Development and Application of Air Sampling Methods and Instrumentation, M.D. Hoover and M. Cox

Fundamentals of Radioactivity and Radioactive Aerosols
Review of Radioactivity, Detection, and Measurement, M.L. Maiello
The Physics of Aerosols, E. Sajo
Behavior of Radioactive Aerosols and Gases, M.D. Hoover
Filtration, M.D. Hoover
Behavior of Radon and its Decay Products, P. Jenkins
Internal Dosimetry of Inhaled Radioactive Aerosols, C.A. Potter

Fundamentals of Sampling System Design and Operation for Airborne Radioactivity
Basic Air Sampling Equipment, M.L. Maiello
Calibration of Air Samplers and Monitors, J.T. Voss and J.J. Whicker
Appendix A: Generic Calibration Procedure, J.T. Voss and J.J. Whicker
Appendix B: A Multiple-Frame-of-Reference Method for Rotameter Correction Factors, M.D. Hoover
Principles of Air Sampler Placement in the Workplace, J.J. Whicker
The Practice of Continuous Air Monitoring for Alpha-Emitting Radionuclides, J.C. Rodgers
Principles of Sampling Airborne Radioactivity from Stacks, J. Glissmeyer
Methods for Comprehensive Characterization of Radioactive Aerosols: A Graded Approach, M.D. Hoover

Nonroutine Radioactive Air Sampling
Emergency Situation Air Sampling, R.B. Hayes
Appendix: First Responder Radiological Monitoring, T.F. O’Connell and S.P. Clendenin
Monitoring Nuclear Fallout, H.L. Beck

Example Air Sampling Methods for Airborne Radioactivity
Introduction to the Methods, M.L. Maiello and M.D. Hoover
Method 1: Determination of the Gross Alpha-Radioactivity Content of the Atmosphere
Method 2: Determination of the Gross Beta-Radioactivity Content of the Atmosphere 
Method 3: Determination of the Tritiated Water Vapor Content of the Atmosphere
Method 4: Determination of the Elemental Tritium Content of the Atmosphere
Method 5: Determination of Carbon-14 in Air
Method 6: Determination of the Iodine-131 Content of the Atmosphere
Method 7: Sampling Air for Argon-41, Krypton-85, and Other Gamma-Emitting Radioactive Gases Using Gamma-Spectroscopy
Method 8: Determination of the 222Rn Content of the Atmosphere
Method 9: A Procedure for Continuous Air Monitoring of Plutonium
Method 10: Personal Air Sampling for Particulate Radioactivity
Method 11: Real-Time Breathing Zone Monitoring for Personal Respiratory Protection
Glossary, M.L. Maiello and M. Cox
Appendix: Radionuclide Characteristics, M.L. Maiello

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"I find this book very interesting and very useful."
—Adan M. Pena, HEALTH PHYSICS, DEC 2011, VOL 101, #6