Readings for Diversity and Social Justice  book cover
4th Edition

Readings for Diversity and Social Justice

ISBN 9781138055285
Published March 22, 2018 by Routledge
694 Pages

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Book Description

For nearly 20 years, Readings for Diversity and Social Justice has been the trusted, leading anthology to cover a wide range of social oppressions from a social justice standpoint. With full sections dedicated to racism, religious oppression, classism, ableism, youth and elder oppression, as well as an integrative section dedicated to sexism, heterosexism, and transgender oppression, this bestselling text goes far beyond the range of traditional readers. New essay selections in each section of this fourth edition have been carefully chosen to keep topic coverage timely and readings accessible and engaging for students. The interactions among these topics are highlighted throughout to stress the interconnections among oppressions in everyday life. A Table of Intersections leads you to selections not in the section dedicated to an issue.

Retaining the key features and organization that has made Readings for Diversity and Social Justice an indispensable text for teaching issues of social justice while simultaneously updating and expanding its coverage, this new edition features:

  • Over 40 new selections considering current topics and events such as the Black Lives Matter movement, workplace immigration raids, gentrification, wealth inequality, the disability rights of prisoners and inmates, and the Keystone XL pipeline protests.
  • An updated companion website with additional resources and short classroom-friendly videos that further complement the readings in each section.
  • A holistic approach to sexism, gay, lesbian, trans and gender-queer oppression that challenges widely-held assumptions about the usual practice of separating analyses of sex and gender binaries.
  • A more optimistic focus on the role of social justice at all levels of society, whether personal, institutional local, or global, and the intersections among them.

Offering over 140 selections from some of the foremost scholars in a wide range of fields, Readings for Diversity and Social Justice is the indispensable volume for every student, teacher, and social justice advocate.

Table of Contents

Table of Intersections


Readings for Diversity and Social Justice: A General Introduction

Section 1: Getting Started: Core Concepts for Social Justice Education

Maurianne Adams

1 The Complexity of Identity: "Who Am I?"
Beverly Daniel Tatum

2 Identities and Social Locations: Who Am I? Who Are My People
Gwyn Kirk and Margo Okazawa-Rey

3 The Social Construction of Difference
Allan G. Johnson

4 Microaggressions, Marginality, and Oppression: An Introduction
Derald Wing Sue

5 The Cycle of Socialization
Bobbie Harro

6 Theoretical Foundations
Lee Anne Bell

Core Concepts for Social Justice Education
Maurianne Adams and Ximena Zúñiga

7 Five Faces of Oppression
Iris Marion Young

8 Intersectionality Revisited
Patricia Hill Collins and Sirma Bilge

Section 2: Racism

Mike Funk, Rani Varghese, and Ximena Zúñiga


9 Defining Racism: ‘Can We Talk?’
Beverly Daniels Tatum

10 A Different Mirror
Ronald Takaki

11 This Land
Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz

12 The Possessive Investment in Whiteness
George Lipsitz

13 Heteropatriarchy and the Three Pillars of White Supremacy: Rethinking Women of Color Organizing
Andrea Smith

14 La consciencia de la mestiza: Toward a New Consciousness
Gloria Anzaldua

15 Patrolling Racial Borders: Discrimination Against Mixed Race People
Heather Dalmage

16 Selected Reports
National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights


17 Finding My Eye-dentity
Olivia Chung

18 Identification Pleas
Eric Gansworth

19 American Hijab: Why My Scarf Is A Sociopolitical Statement, Not A Symbol Of My Religiosity
Mariam Gomaa

20 My Tongue is Divided into Two
Quique Aviles

21 Letter to My Son
Ta-Nehisi Coates

22 My Class Didn’t Trump My Race: Using Oppression to Face Privilege
Robin J. DiAngelo

Next Steps

23 Women, Race, and Racism: A Dialogue in Black and White
Andrea Ayvazian and Beverly Daniel Tatum

24 Forging El Mundo Zurdo: Changing Ourselves, Changing the World
AnaLouise Keating

25 The Personal Is Political
Richard (Chip) Smith

Section 3: Classism

Maurianne Adams, Larissa E. Hopkins, and Davey Shlasko


26 Class in America
Gregory Mantsios

27 Class Dismissed
Laura Smith and Rebecca M. Redington

28 Race, Wealth, and Equality
Melvin L. Oliver and Thomas M. Shapiro

29 What's Debt Got to Do with It?
Brett Williams

30 At the Elite Colleges
Peter Schmidt

31 Is the Near-Trillion-Dollar Student Loan Bubble About to Pop?
Sarah Jaffe

32 Students with Disabilities: Financial Aid Policy Issues
Thomas R. Wolanin

33 "Free" Labor: Past and Present Forms of Prison Labor
Whitney Benns

34 Wealth Inequality
Pew Research Center


35 Bonds of Sisterhood—Bonds of Oppression
Mary Romero

36 White Poverty: The Politics of Invisibility
bell hooks

37 The Laws That Sex Workers Really Want (TED Talk)
Juno Mac

38 Born on Third Base
Chuck Collins

39 Gentrification Will Drive My Uncle Out of His Neighborhood, and I Will Have Helped
Eric Rodriguez

Next Steps

40 How Occupy Wall Street Changes Everything
Sarah van Gelder

41 "Classism from Our Mouths" and "Tips from Working-Class Activists"
Betsy Leondar-Wright

42 Deep Thoughts about Class Privilege
Karen Pittelman and Resource Generation

43 Home Economics: The Invisible and Unregulated World of Domestic Work
National Domestic Workers Alliance

44 Charts from United for a Fair Economy

Section 4: Religious Oppression

Maurianne Adams and Christopher MacDonald-Dennis


45 America’s Changing Religious Landscape
Pew Research Center

46 Examples of Christian Privilege
Sam Killerman

47 Christian Privilege and the Promotion of "Secular" and Not-So "Secular" Mainline Christianity in Public Schooling and in the Larger Society
Warren J. Blumenfeld

48 Racing Religion
Moustafa Bayoumi

49 Precedents: The Destruction of the European Jews
Raul Hilberg

50 Maps—History of Anti-Semitism
Sir Martin Gilbert

51 "Working it Out" and "See You in Court"
Diana Eck

52 Native American Religious Liberty: Five Hundred Years After Columbus
Walter R. Echo-Hawk

53 Religious Freedom Advocates Are Divided over How to Address LGBT Rights
Kelsey Dallas

54 From Pearl Harbor to 9/11: Lessons from the Internment of Japanese American Buddhists
Duncan Ryûken Williams

55 A Somali Influx Unsettles Latino Meatpackers
Kirk Semple


56 Jews in the U.S.: Rising Costs of Whiteness
Melanie Kaye/Kantrowitz

57 Oral History of Adam Fattah
Amna Ahmad

Oral History of Hagar Omran
Hoda Zawam

58 Modesto-Area Athiests Speak Up, Seek Tolerance
Sue Nowicki

59 Why Are You Atheists So Angry?
Greta Christina

Next Steps

60 Creating Identity-Safe Spaces on College Campuses for Muslim Students
Na’ilah Suad Nasir, Jasiyah Al-Amin

61 Guidelines for Christian Allies
Paul Kivel

62 Critical Reflections on the Interfaith Movement: A Social Justice Perspective
Sachi Edwards

Section 5: Sexism, Heterosexism, and Trans* Oppression

D. Chase J. Catalano, Warren J. Blumenfeld, and Heather W. Hackman


63 "Night to His Day": The Social Construction of Gender
Judith Lorber

64 Feminism: A Movement to End Sexist Oppression
bell hooks

65 Patriarchy, the System: An It, Not a He, a Them, Or an Us
Allan G. Johnson

66 Privilege
Devon W. Carbado

67 He Works, She Works, But What Different Impressions They Make
Gwyn Kirk and Margo Okazawa-Rey

68 Generation LGBTQIA
Michael Schulman

69 Women & LGBT People Under Attack: 1930s & Now
Warren J. Blumenfeld

70 Masculinity as Homophobia: Fear, Shame, and Silence in the Construction of Gender Identity
Michael S. Kimmel

71 Overcompensation Nation: It’s Time to Admit That Toxic Masculinity Drives Gun Violence
Amanda Marcotte

72 Introduction—How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States
Joanne Meyerowitz

73 The InterSEXion: A Vision for a Queer Progressive Agenda
Deepali Gokhale

74 Transmisogyny 101: What It Is and What Can We Do About It
Laura Kacere

75 Pansexual Visibility & Undoing Heteronormativity
Cameron Airen

76 Transgender Liberation
Susan Stryker

77 The Impact of Juvenile Court on Queer and Trans/Gender-Non-Conforming Youth
Wesley Ware

78 Feminism and Abolition: Theories and Practices for the Twenty-First Century
Angela Y. Davis


79 Bones
Lindy West

80 Men Explain Things to Me
Rebecca Solnit

81 Mutilating Gender
Dean Spade

82 Violence Against Women is a Men’s Issue
Jackson Katz

83 Trans Woman Manifesto
Julia Serano

84 Real Men and Pink Suits
Charles M. Blow

85 Mestiza/o Gender: Notes Towards a Transformative Masculinity
Daniel E. Solis y Martinez

86 Look! No, Don’t! The Invisibility Dilemma for Transsexual Men
Jamison Green

87 My Life as an Out Gay Person in Russia
Masha Gessen

Next Steps

88 Grassroots: Introduction
Winona LaDuke

89 National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health (NLIRH) Statement on Healthcare for All
National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health

90 Becoming an Ally: A New Examination
Nancy J. Evans and Jaime Washington

91 Transgender Day of Remembrance: A Day to Honor the Dead and the Living
Shelby Chestnut

92 Unbowed: A Memoir
Wangari Maathai

93 Calling All Restroom Revolutionaries!
Simone Chess, Alisson Kafer, Jessi Quizar, and Mattie Udora Richardson

94 Why I Marched on Washington—With Zero Reservations
Rinku Sen

95 Getting to Why: Reflections on Accountability and Action for Men in Gender Justice Movements
Jamie Utt

Section 6: Ableism

Benjamin Ostiguy-Finneran and Madeline L. Peters


96 Struggle for Freedom: Disability Rights Movements
Willie V. Bryan

97 Immigration, Ethnicity, and the Ugly Law
Susan M. Schweik

98 Disability Does Not Discriminate: Toward a Theory of Multiple Identity Through Coalition
Zanita E. Fenton

99 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Leaves Scars "on the Inside," Iraq Veteran Says
Edward D. Murphy

100 Disability in the New World Order
Nirmala Erevelles

101 Disabled Behind Bars
Rebecca Vallas

102 The Silent Victims: Inmates with Learning Disabilities
Douglas P. Wilson

103 Go to the Margins of the Class: Disability and Hate Crimes
Lennard J. Davis

104 Why the Intersexed Shouldn’t Be Fixed: Insights from Queer Theory and Disability Studies
Sumi Colligan

105 Students with Disabilities Frustrated with Ignorance and Lack of Services
Allie Grasgreen


106 Understanding Deafness: Not Everyone Wants to Be "Fixed"
Allegra Ringo

107 How to Curse in Sign Language
Ashley and Deborah

108 On the Spectrum, Looking Out
Jess Watsky

109 What I’d Tell That Doctor
Jason Kingsley

Next Steps

110 Toward Ending Ableism in Education
Thomas Hehir

111 Facilitating Transitions to College for Students with Disabilities from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds
Heather A. Oesterreich and Michelle G. Knight

112 Increasing Awareness: Language, Communication Strategies, and Universally Designed Environments
Karen A. Myers, Jaci Jenkins Lindburg, and Danielle M. Nied

113 Learning Disability Identity Development and Social Construct: A Two-Tiered Approach
Cheryl L. Howland and Eva Gibavic

114 Creating a Fragrance-Free Zone: A Friendly Atmosphere for People Living with Environmental Illness
Invisible Disabilities Advocate

115 Recognizing Ableist Beliefs and Practices and Taking Action as an Ally
Madeline L. Peters, Carmelita (Rosie) Castañeda, Larissa E. Hopkins, and Aquila McCants

Section 7: Youth Oppression and Elder Oppression

Keri "Safire" DeJong and Barbara J. Love


116 Understanding Adultism: A Key to Developing Positive Youth-Adult Relationships
John Bell

117 Terrorizing School Children in the American Police State
Henry A. Giroux

118 Police Make Life Hell for Youth of Color
Kathy Durkin

119 Ageism: Another Form of Bigotry
Robert N. Butler

120 Ageing with Disabilities: Ageism and More
Debra J. Sheets

121 Black Elderly
Center on Aging Studies, University of Missouri—Kansas City


122 From Keystone XL Pipeline to #DAPL: Jasilyn Charger, Water Protector from Cheyenne River Reservation
Amy Goodman and Jasilyn Charger

123 Elders Liberation Draft Policy Statement
Marge Larabee

124 People of Color Over Fifty
Dottie Curry

Next Steps

125 An Immediate End to the Criminalization and Dehumanization of Black Youth Across All Areas of Society Including, but Not Limited to, Our Nation’s Justice and Education Systems, Social Service Agencies, Media, and Pop Culture
Thena Robinson Mock, Ruth Jeannoel, Rachel Gilmer, Chelsea Fuller, Marbre Stahly Butts

126 Allies to Young People: Tips and Guidelines on How to Assist Young People to Organize
Jenny Sazama with help from teens in Boston

127 Taking a Stand Against Ageism at all Ages: A Powerful Coalition
Margaret M. Gullette

128 What Allies of Elders Can Do
Patricia Markee

129 Youth Oppression as a Technology of Colonialism: Conceptual Frameworks and Possibilities for Social Justice Education Praxis
Keri DeJong and Barbara J. Love

Section 8: Working for Social Justice: Visions and Strategies for Change

Ximena Zúñiga


130 Reflections on Liberation
Suzanne Pharr

131 Developing a Liberatory Consciousness
Barbara J. Love

132 Toward a New Vision: Race, Class, and Gender
Patricia Hill Collins

133 What Can We Do?
Allan G. Johnson

134 The Cycle of Liberation
Bobbie Harro


135 Courage
Cornel West

136 Allies
Gloria Anzaldúa

Next Steps

137 Social Struggle
Richard (Chip) Smith

138 Intergroup Dialogue: Critical Conversations about Difference and Social Justice
Ximena Zúñiga, Gretchen E. Lopez, and Kristie A. Ford

139 Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity
Chandra Talpade Mohanty

140 The Renaissance of Student Activism
Alia Wong

Permissions Acknowledgements and Citations

About the Contributors


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Maurianne Adams is Professor Emerita, Social Justice in Education Program at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Her previous works include another of our bestselling textbooks Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice, 2nd Edition (4/07). She is also editor of the Routledge journal Education and Equity.