694 Pages
    by Routledge

    694 Pages
    by Routledge

    For nearly 20 years, Readings for Diversity and Social Justice has been the trusted, leading anthology to cover a wide range of social oppressions from a social justice standpoint. With full sections dedicated to racism, religious oppression, classism, ableism, youth and elder oppression, as well as an integrative section dedicated to sexism, heterosexism, and transgender oppression, this bestselling text goes far beyond the range of traditional readers. New essay selections in each section of this fourth edition have been carefully chosen to keep topic coverage timely and readings accessible and engaging for students. The interactions among these topics are highlighted throughout to stress the interconnections among oppressions in everyday life. A Table of Intersections leads you to selections not in the section dedicated to an issue.

    Retaining the key features and organization that has made Readings for Diversity and Social Justice an indispensable text for teaching issues of social justice while simultaneously updating and expanding its coverage, this new edition features:

    • Over 40 new selections considering current topics and events such as the Black Lives Matter movement, workplace immigration raids, gentrification, wealth inequality, the disability rights of prisoners and inmates, and the Keystone XL pipeline protests.
    • An updated companion website with additional resources and short classroom-friendly videos that further complement the readings in each section.
    • A holistic approach to sexism, gay, lesbian, trans and gender-queer oppression that challenges widely-held assumptions about the usual practice of separating analyses of sex and gender binaries.
    • A more optimistic focus on the role of social justice at all levels of society, whether personal, institutional local, or global, and the intersections among them.

    Offering over 140 selections from some of the foremost scholars in a wide range of fields, Readings for Diversity and Social Justice is the indispensable volume for every student, teacher, and social justice advocate.

    Table of Intersections


    Readings for Diversity and Social Justice: A General Introduction

    Section 1: Getting Started: Core Concepts for Social Justice Education

    Maurianne Adams

    1 The Complexity of Identity: "Who Am I?"
    Beverly Daniel Tatum

    2 Identities and Social Locations: Who Am I? Who Are My People
    Gwyn Kirk and Margo Okazawa-Rey

    3 The Social Construction of Difference
    Allan G. Johnson

    4 Microaggressions, Marginality, and Oppression: An Introduction
    Derald Wing Sue

    5 The Cycle of Socialization
    Bobbie Harro

    6 Theoretical Foundations
    Lee Anne Bell

    Core Concepts for Social Justice Education
    Maurianne Adams and Ximena Zúñiga

    7 Five Faces of Oppression
    Iris Marion Young

    8 Intersectionality Revisited
    Patricia Hill Collins and Sirma Bilge

    Section 2: Racism

    Mike Funk, Rani Varghese, and Ximena Zúñiga


    9 Defining Racism: ‘Can We Talk?’
    Beverly Daniels Tatum

    10 A Different Mirror
    Ronald Takaki

    11 This Land
    Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz

    12 The Possessive Investment in Whiteness
    George Lipsitz

    13 Heteropatriarchy and the Three Pillars of White Supremacy: Rethinking Women of Color Organizing
    Andrea Smith

    14 La consciencia de la mestiza: Toward a New Consciousness
    Gloria Anzaldua

    15 Patrolling Racial Borders: Discrimination Against Mixed Race People
    Heather Dalmage

    16 Selected Reports
    National Network for Immigrant and Refugee Rights


    17 Finding My Eye-dentity
    Olivia Chung

    18 Identification Pleas
    Eric Gansworth

    19 American Hijab: Why My Scarf Is A Sociopolitical Statement, Not A Symbol Of My Religiosity
    Mariam Gomaa

    20 My Tongue is Divided into Two
    Quique Aviles

    21 Letter to My Son
    Ta-Nehisi Coates

    22 My Class Didn’t Trump My Race: Using Oppression to Face Privilege
    Robin J. DiAngelo

    Next Steps

    23 Women, Race, and Racism: A Dialogue in Black and White
    Andrea Ayvazian and Beverly Daniel Tatum

    24 Forging El Mundo Zurdo: Changing Ourselves, Changing the World
    AnaLouise Keating

    25 The Personal Is Political
    Richard (Chip) Smith

    Section 3: Classism

    Maurianne Adams, Larissa E. Hopkins, and Davey Shlasko


    26 Class in America
    Gregory Mantsios

    27 Class Dismissed
    Laura Smith and Rebecca M. Redington

    28 Race, Wealth, and Equality
    Melvin L. Oliver and Thomas M. Shapiro

    29 What's Debt Got to Do with It?
    Brett Williams

    30 At the Elite Colleges
    Peter Schmidt

    31 Is the Near-Trillion-Dollar Student Loan Bubble About to Pop?
    Sarah Jaffe

    32 Students with Disabilities: Financial Aid Policy Issues
    Thomas R. Wolanin

    33 "Free" Labor: Past and Present Forms of Prison Labor
    Whitney Benns

    34 Wealth Inequality
    Pew Research Center


    35 Bonds of Sisterhood—Bonds of Oppression
    Mary Romero

    36 White Poverty: The Politics of Invisibility
    bell hooks

    37 The Laws That Sex Workers Really Want (TED Talk)
    Juno Mac

    38 Born on Third Base
    Chuck Collins

    39 Gentrification Will Drive My Uncle Out of His Neighborhood, and I Will Have Helped
    Eric Rodriguez

    Next Steps

    40 How Occupy Wall Street Changes Everything
    Sarah van Gelder

    41 "Classism from Our Mouths" and "Tips from Working-Class Activists"
    Betsy Leondar-Wright

    42 Deep Thoughts about Class Privilege
    Karen Pittelman and Resource Generation

    43 Home Economics: The Invisible and Unregulated World of Domestic Work
    National Domestic Workers Alliance

    44 Charts from United for a Fair Economy

    Section 4: Religious Oppression

    Maurianne Adams and Christopher MacDonald-Dennis


    45 America’s Changing Religious Landscape
    Pew Research Center

    46 Examples of Christian Privilege
    Sam Killerman

    47 Christian Privilege and the Promotion of "Secular" and Not-So "Secular" Mainline Christianity in Public Schooling and in the Larger Society
    Warren J. Blumenfeld

    48 Racing Religion
    Moustafa Bayoumi

    49 Precedents: The Destruction of the European Jews
    Raul Hilberg

    50 Maps—History of Anti-Semitism
    Sir Martin Gilbert

    51 "Working it Out" and "See You in Court"
    Diana Eck

    52 Native American Religious Liberty: Five Hundred Years After Columbus
    Walter R. Echo-Hawk

    53 Religious Freedom Advocates Are Divided over How to Address LGBT Rights
    Kelsey Dallas

    54 From Pearl Harbor to 9/11: Lessons from the Internment of Japanese American Buddhists
    Duncan Ryûken Williams

    55 A Somali Influx Unsettles Latino Meatpackers
    Kirk Semple


    56 Jews in the U.S.: Rising Costs of Whiteness
    Melanie Kaye/Kantrowitz

    57 Oral History of Adam Fattah
    Amna Ahmad

    Oral History of Hagar Omran
    Hoda Zawam

    58 Modesto-Area Athiests Speak Up, Seek Tolerance
    Sue Nowicki

    59 Why Are You Atheists So Angry?
    Greta Christina

    Next Steps

    60 Creating Identity-Safe Spaces on College Campuses for Muslim Students
    Na’ilah Suad Nasir, Jasiyah Al-Amin

    61 Guidelines for Christian Allies
    Paul Kivel

    62 Critical Reflections on the Interfaith Movement: A Social Justice Perspective
    Sachi Edwards

    Section 5: Sexism, Heterosexism, and Trans* Oppression

    D. Chase J. Catalano, Warren J. Blumenfeld, and Heather W. Hackman


    63 "Night to His Day": The Social Construction of Gender
    Judith Lorber

    64 Feminism: A Movement to End Sexist Oppression
    bell hooks

    65 Patriarchy, the System: An It, Not a He, a Them, Or an Us
    Allan G. Johnson

    66 Privilege
    Devon W. Carbado

    67 He Works, She Works, But What Different Impressions They Make
    Gwyn Kirk and Margo Okazawa-Rey

    68 Generation LGBTQIA
    Michael Schulman

    69 Women & LGBT People Under Attack: 1930s & Now
    Warren J. Blumenfeld

    70 Masculinity as Homophobia: Fear, Shame, and Silence in the Construction of Gender Identity
    Michael S. Kimmel

    71 Overcompensation Nation: It’s Time to Admit That Toxic Masculinity Drives Gun Violence
    Amanda Marcotte

    72 Introduction—How Sex Changed: A History of Transsexuality in the United States
    Joanne Meyerowitz

    73 The InterSEXion: A Vision for a Queer Progressive Agenda
    Deepali Gokhale

    74 Transmisogyny 101: What It Is and What Can We Do About It
    Laura Kacere

    75 Pansexual Visibility & Undoing Heteronormativity
    Cameron Airen

    76 Transgender Liberation
    Susan Stryker

    77 The Impact of Juvenile Court on Queer and Trans/Gender-Non-Conforming Youth
    Wesley Ware

    78 Feminism and Abolition: Theories and Practices for the Twenty-First Century
    Angela Y. Davis


    79 Bones
    Lindy West

    80 Men Explain Things to Me
    Rebecca Solnit

    81 Mutilating Gender
    Dean Spade

    82 Violence Against Women is a Men’s Issue
    Jackson Katz

    83 Trans Woman Manifesto
    Julia Serano

    84 Real Men and Pink Suits
    Charles M. Blow

    85 Mestiza/o Gender: Notes Towards a Transformative Masculinity
    Daniel E. Solis y Martinez

    86 Look! No, Don’t! The Invisibility Dilemma for Transsexual Men
    Jamison Green

    87 My Life as an Out Gay Person in Russia
    Masha Gessen

    Next Steps

    88 Grassroots: Introduction
    Winona LaDuke

    89 National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health (NLIRH) Statement on Healthcare for All
    National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health

    90 Becoming an Ally: A New Examination
    Nancy J. Evans and Jaime Washington

    91 Transgender Day of Remembrance: A Day to Honor the Dead and the Living
    Shelby Chestnut

    92 Unbowed: A Memoir
    Wangari Maathai

    93 Calling All Restroom Revolutionaries!
    Simone Chess, Alisson Kafer, Jessi Quizar, and Mattie Udora Richardson

    94 Why I Marched on Washington—With Zero Reservations
    Rinku Sen

    95 Getting to Why: Reflections on Accountability and Action for Men in Gender Justice Movements
    Jamie Utt

    Section 6: Ableism

    Benjamin Ostiguy-Finneran and Madeline L. Peters


    96 Struggle for Freedom: Disability Rights Movements
    Willie V. Bryan

    97 Immigration, Ethnicity, and the Ugly Law
    Susan M. Schweik

    98 Disability Does Not Discriminate: Toward a Theory of Multiple Identity Through Coalition
    Zanita E. Fenton

    99 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Leaves Scars "on the Inside," Iraq Veteran Says
    Edward D. Murphy

    100 Disability in the New World Order
    Nirmala Erevelles

    101 Disabled Behind Bars
    Rebecca Vallas

    102 The Silent Victims: Inmates with Learning Disabilities
    Douglas P. Wilson

    103 Go to the Margins of the Class: Disability and Hate Crimes
    Lennard J. Davis

    104 Why the Intersexed Shouldn’t Be Fixed: Insights from Queer Theory and Disability Studies
    Sumi Colligan

    105 Students with Disabilities Frustrated with Ignorance and Lack of Services
    Allie Grasgreen


    106 Understanding Deafness: Not Everyone Wants to Be "Fixed"
    Allegra Ringo

    107 How to Curse in Sign Language
    Ashley and Deborah

    108 On the Spectrum, Looking Out
    Jess Watsky

    109 What I’d Tell That Doctor
    Jason Kingsley

    Next Steps

    110 Toward Ending Ableism in Education
    Thomas Hehir

    111 Facilitating Transitions to College for Students with Disabilities from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Backgrounds
    Heather A. Oesterreich and Michelle G. Knight

    112 Increasing Awareness: Language, Communication Strategies, and Universally Designed Environments
    Karen A. Myers, Jaci Jenkins Lindburg, and Danielle M. Nied

    113 Learning Disability Identity Development and Social Construct: A Two-Tiered Approach
    Cheryl L. Howland and Eva Gibavic

    114 Creating a Fragrance-Free Zone: A Friendly Atmosphere for People Living with Environmental Illness
    Invisible Disabilities Advocate

    115 Recognizing Ableist Beliefs and Practices and Taking Action as an Ally
    Madeline L. Peters, Carmelita (Rosie) Castañeda, Larissa E. Hopkins, and Aquila McCants

    Section 7: Youth Oppression and Elder Oppression

    Keri "Safire" DeJong and Barbara J. Love


    116 Understanding Adultism: A Key to Developing Positive Youth-Adult Relationships
    John Bell

    117 Terrorizing School Children in the American Police State
    Henry A. Giroux

    118 Police Make Life Hell for Youth of Color
    Kathy Durkin

    119 Ageism: Another Form of Bigotry
    Robert N. Butler

    120 Ageing with Disabilities: Ageism and More
    Debra J. Sheets

    121 Black Elderly
    Center on Aging Studies, University of Missouri—Kansas City


    122 From Keystone XL Pipeline to #DAPL: Jasilyn Charger, Water Protector from Cheyenne River Reservation
    Amy Goodman and Jasilyn Charger

    123 Elders Liberation Draft Policy Statement
    Marge Larabee

    124 People of Color Over Fifty
    Dottie Curry

    Next Steps

    125 An Immediate End to the Criminalization and Dehumanization of Black Youth Across All Areas of Society Including, but Not Limited to, Our Nation’s Justice and Education Systems, Social Service Agencies, Media, and Pop Culture
    Thena Robinson Mock, Ruth Jeannoel, Rachel Gilmer, Chelsea Fuller, Marbre Stahly Butts

    126 Allies to Young People: Tips and Guidelines on How to Assist Young People to Organize
    Jenny Sazama with help from teens in Boston

    127 Taking a Stand Against Ageism at all Ages: A Powerful Coalition
    Margaret M. Gullette

    128 What Allies of Elders Can Do
    Patricia Markee

    129 Youth Oppression as a Technology of Colonialism: Conceptual Frameworks and Possibilities for Social Justice Education Praxis
    Keri DeJong and Barbara J. Love

    Section 8: Working for Social Justice: Visions and Strategies for Change

    Ximena Zúñiga


    130 Reflections on Liberation
    Suzanne Pharr

    131 Developing a Liberatory Consciousness
    Barbara J. Love

    132 Toward a New Vision: Race, Class, and Gender
    Patricia Hill Collins

    133 What Can We Do?
    Allan G. Johnson

    134 The Cycle of Liberation
    Bobbie Harro


    135 Courage
    Cornel West

    136 Allies
    Gloria Anzaldúa

    Next Steps

    137 Social Struggle
    Richard (Chip) Smith

    138 Intergroup Dialogue: Critical Conversations about Difference and Social Justice
    Ximena Zúñiga, Gretchen E. Lopez, and Kristie A. Ford

    139 Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity
    Chandra Talpade Mohanty

    140 The Renaissance of Student Activism
    Alia Wong

    Permissions Acknowledgements and Citations

    About the Contributors



    Maurianne Adams is Professor Emerita, Social Justice in Education Program at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Her previous works include another of our bestselling textbooks Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice, 2nd Edition (4/07). She is also editor of the Routledge journal Education and Equity.