1st Edition

Refugee Entrepreneurship A Research Companion

    424 Pages 15 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This comprehensive volume explores the phenomenon of refugee entrepreneurship and advances the discussions and debates in the domain.

    The growing number of refugees across the world creates a compelling need to study the social and economic activities of refugees in different contexts, and to share experiences and debate how to better support refugee populations. This book covers academic, practical, and policy issues in refugee entrepreneurship, seeking to present the current status of research in this evolving field. The topics include how to identify and differentiate refugee entrepreneurship; refugees’ business practices; the personal, economic, and social value and impact of refugee entrepreneurship; and the institutional support and role of ecosystems in facilitating refugee entrepreneurship. Future research directions are outlined. 

    This book provides scholars with the theoretical foundations and evidence base to advance refugee entrepreneurship research. Support agencies will learn from the experiences of others about the delivery of tailored support and policymakers will recognise the need for empathy and consistency in developing host country strategies for refugees.




    Lists of figures

    List of tables

    About the editors

    About the contributors



    1.     Refugee Entrepreneurship: Status of research and practice (Nadeera Ranabahu, Huibert P. de Vries, Robert T. Hamilton)


    Section 1: The scope of refugee entrepreneurship 

    2.     What is refugee entrepreneurship? – Reflections for a growing field (Alexandra David and Lukas R. Zaghow)

    3.     Towards conceptualising refugee entrepreneur/ship (Solomon Akele Abebe, Nadeen Khoury, and Ziad El-Awad)

    4.     Dreamers, delayers, and doers: Entrepreneurial intentions and behaviours of former refugees in New Zealand (Nadeera Ranabahu, Ruth Helen Samujh, Sandya Rajapakshe, Nirosha Hewa Wellalage, and Huibert P. de Vries)


    Section 2: Refugees and their businesses

    5.     ‘Are we really safe here?’: The experience of refugee entrepreneurs in Australia (Afreen Huq and Ashenafi Biru)

    6.     Making a living despite work prohibitions: Creativity, entrepreneurship and (self) employment amongst refugees in Indonesia (Yunizar Adiputera, Mahardhika Sjamsoeoed Sadjad, and Antje Missbach)

    7.     Breaking barriers: Women refugee entrepreneurship and integration frameworks in the United States (Cihan Aydiner and Erin Rider)

    8.     Towards digital entrepreneurship: Opportunities and challenges for female refugee entrepreneurs in Sweden (Ghazal Zalkat)


    Section 3: The personal, economic, and social value of refugee entrepreneurship

    9.     Wellbeing, entrepreneurship, and the social integration of women refugee entrepreneurs (Fatima Junaid and Tanya Jurado)

    10.  Refugee entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial economies in South Africa (Sujata Ramachandran, Abel Chikanda, and Jonathan Crush)

    11.  Refugee (social) entrepreneurship and civic action in the context of urban shrinkage: The example of the US-city of Akron (OH) (Norma Schemschat)


    Section 4: Supporting and developing refugee entrepreneurship

    12.  The role of trauma-informed care in sustaining wellbeing of refugee entrepreneurs (Arielle Badger Newman and Lisa Jones Christensen)

    13.  Wellbeing barriers and enablers of refugees and refugee service industry entrepreneurs (Ilayaraja Subramanian and Jörg Finsterwalder)

    14.  Entrepreneurship education for refugees: Suggestions on individual resilience development (Juha Kansikas and Jaana Seikkula-Leino) 

    15.  Social capital, NGOs and the resilience of refugee women entrepreneurs (Fatih Aktas, Erin Rider, and Fatih Yilmaz)

    16.  Nurturing entrepreneurs: Designing child-friendly workshops for refugee women (Claire P. Street and Poh Yen Ng)


    Section 5: Ecosystem and the institutional role in refugee entrepreneurship

    17.  Does context matter? – Toward a supportive entrepreneurial ecosystem for refugee entrepreneurship (Judith Terstriep, Alexandra David, and Michelle Richey)

    18.  The contribution of civil society organisations to refugee entrepreneurship in Türkiye (Burcin K. Hatipoglu)

    19.  A private sector entrepreneurial initiative for displaced women at Rohingya camp in Bhashan Char, Bangladesh (Imon Chowdhooree and Muhammad Ferdaus)

    20.  Social entrepreneurship: A key element of the refugee entrepreneurship ecosystem (Rima M. Bizri)

    21.  Refugee entrepreneurship dynamics: Conceptual considerations for research (Rosa Lisa Iannone, Sibylle Heilbrunn, and Elke Murdock)



    22.  Conclusion: Looking ahead (Nadeera Ranabahu, Huibert P. de Vries, and Robert T. Hamilton)






    Nadeera Ranabahu is a Senior Lecturer in the UC Business School at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. Nadeera’s main research interest is inclusive entrepreneurship. She has published papers on entrepreneurship among refugees, immigrants, low-income people, and women.

    Huibert P. de Vries is an Associate Professor in the UC Business School at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand.  He has published papers on ethnic minority immigrant entrepreneurship, refugee entrepreneurship, and indigenous entrepreneurship among Māori and Pacific Peoples in New Zealand.

    Robert T. Hamilton is an Emeritus Professor in the UC Business School at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, and Consulting Editor for International Small Business Journal. His recent publications have been on portfolio entrepreneurs and the nature and spread of high-growth firms in New Zealand.