Regionalism is under stress. The European Union has been challenged by the Eurozone crisis, refugee flows, terrorist attacks, Euroscepticism, and Brexit. In Latin America, regional cooperation has been stagnating.
Studying Europe and Latin America within a broader comparative perspective, this volume provides an analytical framework to assess stress factors facing regionalism. The contributors explore how economic and financial crises, security challenges, identity questions raised by immigration and refugee flows, the rise of populism, and shifting regional and global power dynamics have had an impact on regionalism; whether the EU crisis has had repercussions for regionalisms in other parts of the world; and to what extent the impact of stress factors is mediated by characteristics of the region that may provide elements of resilience.
Written by specialists from Europe and Latin America with a shared interest in the new field of comparative regionalism, this book will be an invaluable resource for students, scholars and policy specialists in regional integration, European politics, EU studies, Latin American studies, and international relations and international law more generally.
Introduction: Regionalism under stress
Detlef Nolte and Brigitte Weiffen
Part I: Theoretical and comparative perspectives
1 Stress factors and their impact on regionalism
2 Regionalism under stress: A comparative perspective
Tanja Börzel and Thomas Risse
3 Multipolarity is in, multilateralism out: Rising minilateralism and the downgrading of regionalism
Andrés Malamud and Eduardo Viola
Part II: Europe
4 Constructing integration: Resilience and political innovation in the EU
Ana Paula Tostes
5 Facing the rule of law crisis within the European Union
6 The mainstreaming of security and defense in the European Union post-2016: Building resilience in challenging times
Laura C. Ferreira-Pereira
Part III: Latin America
7 Mercosur between resilience and disintegration
Andrea Ribeiro Hoffmann
8 UNASUR on the edge
Nicolás Comini and Alejandro Frenkel
9 The Pacific Alliance: Regionalism without stress?
Part IV: EU-Latin American Inter-regionalism
10 EU-LAC relations after Brexit: Regionalism and inter-regionalism à la carte
11 The EU crisis and the comparative study of Latin American regionalism
Part V: Africa and Asia
12 Regionalism in sub-Saharan Africa: Structural constraints and African agency
13 Regionalism in distress: Is ASEAN coping with global crises and power shifts?